Year 1179 (MCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1179 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1179
Ab urbe condita1932
Armenian calendar628
Assyrian calendar5929
Balinese saka calendar1100–1101
Bengali calendar586
Berber calendar2129
English Regnal year25 Hen. 2 – 26 Hen. 2
Buddhist calendar1723
Burmese calendar541
Byzantine calendar6687–6688
Chinese calendar戊戌年 (Earth Dog)
3876 or 3669
    — to —
己亥年 (Earth Pig)
3877 or 3670
Coptic calendar895–896
Discordian calendar2345
Ethiopian calendar1171–1172
Hebrew calendar4939–4940
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1235–1236
 - Shaka Samvat1100–1101
 - Kali Yuga4279–4280
Holocene calendar11179
Igbo calendar179–180
Iranian calendar557–558
Islamic calendar574–575
Japanese calendarJishō 3
Javanese calendar1086–1087
Julian calendar1179
Korean calendar3512
Minguo calendar733 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−289
Seleucid era1490/1491 AG
Thai solar calendar1721–1722
Tibetan calendar阳土狗年
(male Earth-Dog)
1305 or 924 or 152
    — to —
(female Earth-Pig)
1306 or 925 or 153
Mieszko III (the Old) (r. 1138–1202)

Events edit

By place edit

Levant edit

Europe edit

England edit

Africa edit

  • September 17 – A large offensive, by the Almohad army led by Yusuf I in southern Portugal, aims at the reconquest of the Alentejo.[6] Further north, an Almohad fleet sails to attack Lisbon, but is repelled by the Portuguese, near the Cape Espichel.[6] The Portuguese fleet later manages to enter in the harbour of Ceuta, and destroy a number of Muslim ships. It is the beginning of a four-year naval conflict between the Almohads and Portuguese.

Asia edit

  • Taira no Kiyomori, Japanese military leader, confines the former Emperor Go-Shirakawa to his quarters after discovering that he has tried to confiscate the estates of Kiyomori's deceased children.

Mesoamerica edit

By topic edit

Religion edit

  • March – Third Council of the Lateran: The Council condemns Waldensians and Cathars as heretics. It further institutes a reformation of clerical life and regulates that in order to prevent future schisms, the pope must receive 23 of the cardinals' votes to be elected.
  • September 17Hildegard of Bingen, German abbess and polymath, dies at Rupertsberg. Having founded two monasteries, she has also written theological, botanical, and medicinal texts.
  • Westminster School is founded by Benedictine monks of Westminster Abbey (by papal command) in England.
  • A synod of thirty-three Armenian bishops in Hromkla discusses the conditions for union with the Byzantine Church and sends a profession of faith to emperor Manuel I Komnenos who dies before receiving it.[7]
  • The Drigung Kagyu school of Kagyu Buddhism is founded (approximate date).

Births edit

Deaths edit

References edit

  1. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 342. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 342–343. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  3. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 343. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  4. ^ William, Hywell (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 127. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  5. ^ Matheson, Alister Farquhar (2014). Scotland's Northwest Frontier: A Forgotten British Borderland, p. 19. Troubador Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-78306-442-7.
  6. ^ a b Picard C. (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident au Moyen Age. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, p.77.
  7. ^ Hamilton, B. (1999). "Aimery of Limoges and the Unity of Churches". In Ciggaar, Krijna Nelly; Teule, Herman G. B. (eds.). East and West in the Crusader States: Context, Contacts, Confrontations II : Acta of the Congress Held at Hernen Castle in May 1997. Peeters Publishers. p. 5. ISBN 978-90-429-0786-7. Retrieved February 26, 2024.
  8. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 342. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.