Richard de Luci

Richard de Luci (or Lucy; 1089 – 14 July 1179) was first noted as High Sheriff of Essex, after which he was made Chief Justiciar of England.

Richard de Luci
Chief Justiciar of England
In office
1154 – c. September 1178/Easter 1179
MonarchHenry II
Preceded byRobert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester
Succeeded byRanulf de Glanvill
Sheriff of Essex
In office
Personal details
Died14 July 1179
Lesnes Abbey, Kent
ChildrenGeoffrey de Luci, Godfrey de Luci, Maud de Luci, Alice de Luci, Aveline de Luci[1]


His mother was Aveline, the niece and heiress of William Goth. In the charter for Sées Cathedral in February 1130–31 Henry I refers to Richard de Luci and his mother, Aveline. His brother, Walter de Luci, was abbot of Battle Abbey.[2]

An early reference to the de Luci family refers to the render by Henry I of the Lordship of Diss, Norfolk to Richard de Luci, Governor of Falaise, Normandy, after defending it with great valour and heroic conduct when besieged by Geoffrey, Earl of Anjou.

In 1153–4 de Luci was granted Chipping Ongar, Essex by William, son of King Stephen and his wife, Maud of Boulogne. He may have built the motte and bailey Ongar Castle, although it is also attributed to Eustace II Count of Boulogne (c1015 – c1087). Richard de Luci was appointed Sheriff of both Essex and Hertfordshire for 1156.

The ruins of Lesnes Abbey, near London

When Henry II came to the throne in 1154, de Luci was made Chief Justiciar of England jointly with Robert de Beaumont, Earl of Leicester. When de Beaumont died in 1168, de Luci continued to hold the office in his own right.[3] One of the members of his household was Roger fitzReinfrid, the brother of Walter de Coutances. Roger became a royal judge and later donated land to Lesnes Abbey in Kent, which had been founded by de Luci.[4]

He resigned his office between September 1178 and Easter of 1179,[3] and retired to Lesnes Abbey, where, three months later on 14 July 1179, he died and was buried.

De Luci's wife, Rohese, who is named in several documents, was possibly a sister of Faramus de Boulogne.[5] Rohese and Faramus were children of William de Boulogne who was the son of Geoffrey fitz Eustace (son of Eustace II, Count of Boulogne) and Beatrice, daughter of Norman magnate Geoffrey de Mandeville.


  1. ^ Turner "Exercise of the King's Will" Albion p. 400
  2. ^ Knowles The Monastic Order in England p. 589
  3. ^ a b Powicke Handbook of British Chronology p. 69
  4. ^ Keats-Rohan Domesday Descendants p. 942
  5. ^ Richardson, D. (2011) Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study ... p. 202 (via Google)


  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  • Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd. ed. London:Royal Historical Society 1961
  • Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. (1999). Domesday Descendants: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents, 1066–1166: Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum. Ipswich, UK: Boydell Press. ISBN 0-85115-863-3.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by Chief Justiciar
jointly with
Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester until 1168

1154 – c. 1179
Succeeded by