Emperor Huanzong of Western Xia

Emperor Huanzong 桓宗 (1177–1206), born Li Chunyou 李純佑, was the 6th emperor of the Western Xia (reigned 1193–1206).

Emperor Huanzong of Western Xia
Emperor of the Western Xia dynasty
PredecessorEmperor Renzong
SuccessorEmperor Xiangzong
BornLi Chunyou (李純佑)
Died1206 (aged 28–29)
Posthumous name
Emperor Zhaojian (昭簡皇帝)
Temple name
Huanzong (桓宗)


He was the son of Emperor Renzong, and tried to follow the policies dictated by his father. However, the high-ranking officials in the Western Xia government became more corrupt as time passed, starting the irreversible decline of the Western Xia. The rising of the Mongols under Genghis Khan began to pose threats as Mongols began raiding border villages. In 1205, Huanzong changed the name of the Western Xia capital to Zhongxing (now Yinchuan).[citation needed] Also in 1205, the Mongols began their first invasion of the Western Xia, pillaging and burning many outlying villages and cities. In 1206, his cousin Li Anquan started a coup d'état and took power from Huanzong.[citation needed] Huanzong died in the same year.