Year 1206 (MCCVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1206 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1206
Ab urbe condita1959
Armenian calendar655
Assyrian calendar5956
Balinese saka calendar1127–1128
Bengali calendar613
Berber calendar2156
English Regnal yearJoh. 1 – 8 Joh. 1
Buddhist calendar1750
Burmese calendar568
Byzantine calendar6714–6715
Chinese calendar乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
3903 or 3696
    — to —
丙寅年 (Fire Tiger)
3904 or 3697
Coptic calendar922–923
Discordian calendar2372
Ethiopian calendar1198–1199
Hebrew calendar4966–4967
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1262–1263
 - Shaka Samvat1127–1128
 - Kali Yuga4306–4307
Holocene calendar11206
Igbo calendar206–207
Iranian calendar584–585
Islamic calendar602–603
Japanese calendarGenkyū 3 / Ken'ei 1
Javanese calendar1114–1115
Julian calendar1206
Korean calendar3539
Minguo calendar706 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−262
Thai solar calendar1748–1749
Tibetan calendar阴木牛年
(female Wood-Ox)
1332 or 951 or 179
    — to —
(male Fire-Tiger)
1333 or 952 or 180
Portrait of Genghis Khan (or Temüjin)



By place


Byzantine Empire



  • Temüjin assembles at a Kurultai, a council of Mongol chiefs, the tribes under his rule and is elected as their leader. He is given the title of "Genghis Khan" of the Mongol people – founding the Mongol Empire. Genghis takes immediate steps to underpin his military command, starting with a fundamental reordering of tribal loyalties. United under one nomadic nation, under one banner and one authority.[3]
  • Muqali (or Mukhali), a Mongol general in service of Genghis Khan, is rewarded with the command of the left-wing of the newly reorganized Mongol army and takes control over the eastern Mingghans.[4]
  • March 15 – Sultan Muhammad of Ghor is murdered and succeeded by Qutb al-Din Aibak, his deputy in India, who founds the Mamluk Dynasty, the first dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate.[5]




  • June – King John (Lackland) lands an expeditionary army at La Rochelle to defend his interests in Aquitaine, which is his from the inheritance from his mother, Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine. Meanwhile, French forces led by King Philip II (Augustus) move south to meet John. The year's campaign ends in a stalemate and a two-year truce is made between the two rulers.[6]

By topic


Art and Culture



  • A peasant named Thurkhill in England claims that Saint Julian took him on a tour of Purgatory. Thurkhill includes realistic touches of descriptions of Purgatory's torture chambers. This is also believed by Roger of Wendover, one of his society's leading historians.[8]
  • December – The monks of Canterbury want their own sub-prior Reginald for the post of archbishop, while John (Lackland) chooses John de Gray. Pope Innocent III appoints Stephen Langton. Finally, the monks accept the Pope's decision and vote for Langton.


  • The Arab engineer Ismail al-Jazari describes many mechanical inventions in his book (title translated to English) The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices.






  1. ^ Setton, Kenneth M. (1989). A History of the Crusades, Volume VI: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe, p. 436. Madison and London: University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0-299-10740-X.
  2. ^ Nicol, Donald M. (2002). The Last Centuries of Byzantium (1261–1453), p. 12. Cambridge University Press.
  3. ^ Andrew Roberts (2011). Great Commanders of the Medieval World (454–1582): Genghis Khan, p. 146–147. ISBN 978-0-85738-589-5.
  4. ^ Hope, Michael (2016). Power, Politics, and Tradition in the Mongol Empire and the Īlkhānate of Iran, p. 36. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19108-107-1.
  5. ^ Hywel Williams (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 133. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  6. ^ Turner, Ralph V. (2009). King John: England's Evil King?, pp. 107–108. Stroud, UK: History Press. ISBN 978-0-7524-4850-3.
  7. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 139
  8. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 11
  9. ^ Almási, Tibor (1994). "IV. Béla; Gertrúd". In Kristó, Gyula; Engel, Pál; Makk, Ferenc (eds.). Korai magyar történeti lexikon (9–14. század) [Encyclopedia of the Early Hungarian History (9th–14th centuries)] (in Hungarian). Akadémiai Kiadó. pp. 92–93, 234. ISBN 963-05-6722-9.
  10. ^ Oleg Pirozhenko, 'Political Trends of Hong Bog Won Clan in the Period of Mongol Domination', International Journal of Korean History, Vol. 9 (2005); available at; English translation here:
  11. ^ Şahin, Kamil (1994). "EDEBÂLI". TDV Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. 10 (Dûmetülcendel – Elbi̇se) (in Turkish). Istanbul: Turkiye Diyanet Foundation, Centre for Islamic Studies. pp. 393–394. ISBN 978-975-389-437-1.
  12. ^ a et b Ibn Khaldoun, Histoire des Berbères et des dynasties musulmanes de l'Afrique septentrionale, traduction du baron de Slane (tome III), Ed. Imprimerie du Gouvernement (Alger), 1856 (read online)
  13. ^ Wilkinson, Louise J. (2000) "Pawn and Political Player: Observations on the Life of a Thirteenth-Century Countess" Historical Research Vol. 73 No. 181, pp. 105-123.
  14. ^ Conradus Eubel (1913). Hierarchia catholica (in Latin). Vol. Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. p. 35.
  15. ^ Paul Burns; Alban Butler (1995). Butler's Lives of the Saints. Burns & Oates. p. 47. ISBN 9780860122593.
  16. ^ William P. L. Thomson (1987). History of Orkney. Mercat Press. p. 77. ISBN 9780901824820.
  17. ^ Shi, Jinbo (June 1, 2021). The Empire of Western Xia and the Tangut Economy. Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-46132-1.
  18. ^ B. Smith, "Burgh, Richard de (died 1243)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. online edition, Oxford University Press, (2004), [author states, "Burgh, Richard de (d. 1243), justiciar of Ireland, was the son of William de Burgh (d. 1206)".].