Year 1152 (MCLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1152 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1152
MCLII
Ab urbe condita1905
Armenian calendar601
ԹՎ ՈԱ
Assyrian calendar5902
Balinese saka calendar1073–1074
Bengali calendar559
Berber calendar2102
English Regnal year17 Ste. 1 – 18 Ste. 1
Buddhist calendar1696
Burmese calendar514
Byzantine calendar6660–6661
Chinese calendar辛未年 (Metal Goat)
3848 or 3788
    — to —
壬申年 (Water Monkey)
3849 or 3789
Coptic calendar868–869
Discordian calendar2318
Ethiopian calendar1144–1145
Hebrew calendar4912–4913
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1208–1209
 - Shaka Samvat1073–1074
 - Kali Yuga4252–4253
Holocene calendar11152
Igbo calendar152–153
Iranian calendar530–531
Islamic calendar546–547
Japanese calendarNinpei 2
(仁平2年)
Javanese calendar1058–1059
Julian calendar1152
MCLII
Korean calendar3485
Minguo calendar760 before ROC
民前760年
Nanakshahi calendar−316
Seleucid era1463/1464 AG
Thai solar calendar1694–1695
Tibetan calendar阴金羊年
(female Iron-Goat)
1278 or 897 or 125
    — to —
阳水猴年
(male Water-Monkey)
1279 or 898 or 126
Bust of King Frederick I (1122–1190)

EventsEdit

By placeEdit

LevantEdit

  • Spring – King Baldwin III and his mother, Queen Melisende, are called to intervene in a dispute between Baldwin's aunt Hodierna and her husband Raymond II, count of Tripoli. Hodierna decides to take a long holiday, and travels to Jerusalem, while Raymond escorts her out on the road southwards. On the way back to Tripoli, a group of Assassins stabs him to death at the southern gate of the city. The garrison rushes to arms and pours into the streets, slaying every Muslim in their way, but the Assassins manage to escape; the motive of their act is never known.[1]
  • Baldwin III demands more authority and blames Manasses, ruler of Ramla, for interfering with his legal succession as ruler of Jerusalem. He demands a second coronation from Patriarch Fulcher separated from Melisende. Fulcher refuses, and as a kind of self-coronation Baldwin parades through the city streets with laurel wreaths on his head. Before the High Court (Haute Cour) the decision is made to divide the kingdom into two districts.
  • Baldwin III begins a civil war against Melisende and launches an invasion in the south. He captures the castle of Mirabel, which is defended by Manasses. Baldwin spares his life and is exiled, Nablus thereupon surrenders soon after. Melisende seeks refuge in the Tower of David with her younger son, the 16-year-old Amalric. Baldwin enters Jerusalem, he allows his mother to retain Nablus and the neighbourhood as her dower.[2]
  • Summer – Nur al-Din, Seljuk ruler (atabeg) of Aleppo, re-captures most of Crusader territory in the Orontes Valley – reducing the Principality of Antioch to little more than a narrow coastal strip along the Mediterranean. The County of Tripoli remains unchanged and Jerusalem remains a potential threat with ambitions to expand eastward, while also striving to dominate the Fatimid Caliphate in Egypt.[3]

EuropeEdit

EnglandEdit

  • April 6 – King Stephen has his nobles swear fealty to his son Eustace, as the rightful heir of the English throne. Theobald, archbishop of Canterbury, and other bishops refuse to crown Eustace favouring Henry of Anjou to claim the throne instead. Stephen confiscates their property and Theobald is forced into exile in Flanders.
  • Stephen besieges Newbury Castle and holds the young William as a hostage to ensure that his father, John Marshal, keeps his promise to surrender the castle. When John refuses to comply, Stephen threatened to nave the young boy catapulted over the walls. After this, William remains a crown hostage for many months.[5]

AfricaEdit

MesoamericaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 271. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusaders. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 272–273. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  3. ^ David Nicolle (2011). Osprey - Command 12: Saladin, p. 6. ISBN 978-1-84908-317-1.
  4. ^ King John by Warren. Published by the University of California Press in 1961. p. 21
  5. ^ Amstrong, Catherine. "John fitz Gilbert; the Marshal". Castles of Wales. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  6. ^ Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.