Gangjong of Goryeo

Gangjong of Goryeo (10 May 1152–26 August 1213) (r. 1211–1213) was the 22nd ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was the eldest son of King Myeongjong. His wife was Queen Wondeok of the Yu clan, the daughter of Sin An-hu.

Gangjong of Goryeo
고려 강종
高麗 康宗
Wang O or Wang Suk (왕오 or 왕숙)
Duke Hannam
(한남공, 漢南公)
Crown Prince of Goryeo
Reign1173–1197
Coronation1173
PredecessorCrown Prince Hyoryeong
SuccessorCrown Prince Wang Yeong
King of Goryeo
Reign1211–1213
Coronation1211
PredecessorHuijong of Goryeo
SuccessorGojong of Goryeo
BornWang O / Wang Suk
10 May 1152
Gaeseong-bu, Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Died26 August 1213 (aged 61)
Hwapyeong Hall, Suchang Palace, Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Burial
Hureung tomb
Spouse
(m. 1173)

(m. before 1213)
Issue
Posthumous name
King Juncheol Munyeol Danchong Myeongheon Yimo Mokcheong Wonhyo the Great
준철문열단총명헌이모목청원효대왕
(濬哲文烈亶聰明憲貽謀穆淸元孝大王)
Temple name
Gangjong (강종, 康宗)
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherMyeongjong of Goryeo
MotherQueen Uijeong
Gangjong of Goryeo
Hangul
강종
Hanja
康宗
Revised RomanizationGangjong
McCune–ReischauerKangjong
Birth name
Hangul
왕오 or 왕숙
Hanja
王祦 or 王璹
Revised RomanizationWang O or Wang Suk
McCune–ReischauerWang O or Wang Suk
Courtesy name
Hangul
대화
Hanja
大華
Revised RomanizationDaehwa
McCune–ReischauerTaehwa

Gangjong was confirmed as heir in 1173. In 1197, he and his father were driven to Ganghwado by the military leader Choe Chung-heon. In 1210 Gangjong returned to the capital, and he was given a royal title by Huijong in the following year. After Choe drove Huijong from power that year, Gangjong was placed on the throne.

Gangjong's tomb is located outside the old Goryeo capital, in modern-day Hyŏnhwa-ri, Kaepung-gun, Hwanghaenam-do, North Korea.

FamilyEdit

  1. Queen Sapyeong of the Jeonju Yi clan (사평왕후 이씨)
    1. Princess Suryeong (수령궁주)
  2. Queen Wondeok of the Gaeseong Wang clan (원덕왕후 왕씨; 1167–1239)
    1. Crown Prince Wang Cheol (태자 왕철)
  3. Unknown
    1. Princess Jeonghwa (정화택주)
    2. Prince Wang (소군 왕씨)
    3. Prince Wang (소군 왕씨)
    4. Prince Wang (소군 왕씨)
    5. Prince Wang (소군 왕씨)
    6. Prince Wang (소군 왕씨)
    7. Prince Wang (소군 왕씨)
    8. Prince Wang (소군 왕씨)
    9. Prince Wang (소군 왕씨)
    10. Prince Wang (소군 왕씨)

Popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 강종 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.
Gangjong of Goryeo
Born: 10 May 1152 Died: 26 August 1213
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Goryeo
1211–1213
Succeeded by