Conrad I, Duke of Zähringen
Conrad I (c. 1090 – 8 January 1152) was Duke of Zähringen from 1122 until his death and from 1127 also Rector of Burgundy. He spent most of his life stemming the growing power of the House of Hohenstaufen and to this end, allied himself with the House of Guelph.
|Duke of Zähringen|
|Died||8 January 1152|
|Buried||Abbey of Saint Peter in the Black Forest|
|Noble family||House of Zähringen|
|Spouse(s)||Clementia of Luxembourg-Namur|
|Father||Berthold II, Duke of Swabia|
|Mother||Agnes of Rheinfelden|
Conrad I was a son of Duke Berthold II and his wife, Agnes of Rheinfelden. In 1120, Conrad I and his elder brother Berthold III granted city rights to Freiburg. In 1122, Conrad I succeeded Berthold III as Duke of Zähringen.
In 1127, he came into conflict with Count Reginald III of Burgundy, because both men claimed the inheritance of Conrad's murdered nephew William III. In this situation, he benefitted from the situation Emperor Lothar III found himself in. Lothar urgently needed support against his Hohenstaufen rivals, and he supported Conrad's claim. He rejected Reginald's claim, with the dubious argument that Reginald had failed to comply with his duty to attend the emperor's court. Conrad received the title rector of Burgundy, which denoted, as least theoretically, a kind of representative of the emperor in the Kingdom of Burgundy.
In 1138, King Conrad III of Germany grabbed power and the power conflict between the Guelphs and the Hohenstaufen relaxed. Until the late 1150s, the dukes of Zähringen were among the Hohenstaufen's most loyal supporters.
Marriage and issueEdit
Conrad was married to Clementia of Namur, daughter of Godfrey I, Count of Namur and had at least five children:
- Hugo named himself for his seat in Ullenburg, and he inherited possessions in Breisgau and Ortenau. He also used the title of dux (even though there is no "Duchy of Ullenburg").
- Lyon, Jonathan R. (2013). Princely Brother and Sisters: The Sibling Bond in German Politics, 1100-1250. Cornell University Press.
- Zotz, Thomas (2018). Die Zähringer: Dynastie und Herrschaft. W. Kohlhammer. ISBN 9783170309739.
- Eberhard Holz and Wolfgang Huschner (eds.): Deutsche Fürsten des Mittelalters, Edition Leipzig, Leipzig, 1995, ISBN 3-361-00437-3
- Georg von Wyß (1882), "Konrad (Herzog von Zähringen)", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 16, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 634–638