Suleiman II of Rûm

Suleiman II, also known as Rukn ad-Din Suleiman Shah (Persian: رکن الدین سلیمان شاه), was the Seljuk Sultan of Rûm between 1196 and 1204.[1]

Suleiman II
Seljuq sultans of Rum
PredecessorKaykhusraw I
SuccessorKilij Arslan III
Rukn ad-Din Suleiman Shah
FatherKilij Arslan II

Son of Kilij Arslan II, he overthrew his brother, Sultan Kaykhusraw I, and became sultan in 1196.[2]

He fought neighbouring rulers and expanded the territories of the Sultanate. In 1201, he conquered Erzurum, giving it as a fief to Mughith al-Din Tugrulshah in 1202.[3] Successful in the wars with the Byzantines, he was routed by the Georgians in the Battle of Basian of 1203.[4]

He was succeeded by his son Kilij Arslan III in 1204–1205,[5] after which Kaykhusraw I forced his way into Konya, removed Kilij from power and was enthroned for a second time.[5]


  1. ^ Bosworth 1996, p. 213.
  2. ^ Peacock & Yildiz 2015, p. 78.
  3. ^ Peacock & Yildiz 2015, p. 158.
  4. ^ Mikaberidze 2011, p. 196.
  5. ^ a b Peacock & Yildiz 2015, p. 178-179.


  • Bosworth, C.E. (1996). The New Islamic Dynasties. Columbia University Press.
  • Peacock, A.C.S.; Yildiz, Sara Nur (2015). The Seljuks of Anatolia: Court and Society in the Medieval Middle East. I.B. Tauris.
  • Mikaberidze, Alexander, ed. (2011). "Battle of Basian (1203)". Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World:An Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO.
Preceded by Sultan of Rûm
Succeeded by