|Ab urbe condita||1925|
|Balinese saka calendar||1093–1094|
|English Regnal year||18 Hen. 2 – 19 Hen. 2|
|Chinese calendar||辛卯年 (Metal Rabbit)|
3868 or 3808
— to —
壬辰年 (Water Dragon)
3869 or 3809
|- Vikram Samvat||1228–1229|
|- Shaka Samvat||1093–1094|
|- Kali Yuga||4272–4273|
|Japanese calendar||Jōan 2|
|Minguo calendar||740 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1483/1484 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1714–1715|
1298 or 917 or 145
— to —
1299 or 918 or 146
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1172.|
- March 4 – Stephen III of Hungary dies (possibly poisoned).
- April - May – Béla III returns to Hungary, where he is acclaimed king by the Hungarian nobility, after the death of his elder brother Stephen III.
- May 28 – Doge Vitale II Michiel, accused at a General Assembly at the Ducal Palace, for the destruction of the Venetian fleet, is stabbed to death by an angry mob at Venice.
- Summer – The 14-year-old Richard (later Richard I of England) is formally recognized as duke of Aquitaine. The ceremony takes place in Poitiers, at the Church of St. Hilary.
- A Muslim rebellion is quelled at Prades in Catalonia; this event marks the end of the pacification of the lands recently conquered by Count Ramon Berenguer IV (the Saint).
- King Henry II and Humbert III (the Blessed), agree to wed their respective heirs, John and Alicia. The alliance never occurs because Henry's elder heir, Henry the Young King, becomes jealous over the castles in the realm which Henry has promised to the couple. He stages a rebellion which will take Henry two years to put down. By that time, Alicia has died.
- April 17 – Henry II receives homage from the Irish princess who include Domnall Mór Ua Briain, king of Munster. He grants Hugh de Lacy the lordship of Meath (or Mide) for providing the services of 50 knights.
- Summer – Emir Nur al-Din begins a two years' war against the Danishmends. He creates a buffer zone between the Syrian realm and Egypt. Meanwhile, he releases Count Raymond of Tripoli for the sum of 80,000 dinars.
- Winter – The Nubians are engaged in a series of skirmishes along the frontier in Upper Egypt. A force of Kurdish troops under Turan-Shah, a brother of Saladin, attack the Nubians. He installs a garrison in Qasr Ibrim.
- May – Compromise of Avranches: Alberto di Morra is sent by Pope Alexander III to the Council of Avranches, to investigate the murder of Thomas Becket. Henry II is cleared of any guilt in Becket's murder. He swears to go on a crusade and does penance at the Cathedral of Avranches. He revokes two controversial clauses of the Constitutions of Clarendon.
- Autumn – The Synod of Cashel ends the Celtic Christian system and brings them into alignment with the Roman Rite (Catholic Church).
- According to the annals of the Worcester Priory, "nothing memorable" happens in this year.
- July 12 – Matsudono Moroie, Japanese nobleman (d. 1238)
- Al-Qifti, Egyptian historian and biographer (d. 1248)
- Az-Zahir Ghazi, Ayyubid ruler of Aleppo (d. 1216)
- Baldwin I, emperor of the Latin Empire (d. 1205)
- Conrad II, duke of Swabia and Rothenburg (d. 1196)
- Isabel de Clare, countess of Pembroke (d. 1220)
- Isabella I, queen and regent of Jerusalem (d. 1205)
- Louis I of Blois, French nobleman (d. 1205)
- March 4 – Stephen III, king of Hungary (b. 1147)
- March 7 – Il-Arslan, Khwarezm ruler (shah)
- May 28 – Vitale II Michiel, doge of Venice
- October 14 – Ludwig II, German nobleman (b. 1128)
- December 23 – Ugo Ventimiglia, Italian cardinal
- Douce II, countess of Provence (b. 1162)
- Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd, king of Gwynedd
- Hugh of Fouilloy, French prior and writer
- Ibn Qalaqis, Fatimid poet and writer (b. 1137)
- Robert FitzEdith, English nobleman (b. 1093)
- Robert FitzRanulph, English high sheriff
- William III, French nobleman (b. 1093)
- William VII, French nobleman b. 1131)
- Henry, Prince of Capua, Sicilian prince (b. 1160)
- Turner, Ralph; Heiser, Richard (2013). The Reign of Richard Lionheart: ruler of the Angevin empire, 1189-99. London: Routledge: Taylor and Francis, p. 57. ISBN 978-1-317-8904-23.
- McGrank, Lawrence (1981). "Norman crusaders and the Catalan reconquest: Robert Burdet and the Principality of Tarragona 1129-55". Journal of Medieval History. 7 (1): 67–82. doi:10.1016/0304-4181(81)90036-1.
- King John by Warren. Published by the University of California Press in 1961. p. 29
- Kingsford, Charles Lethbridge (1892). "Lacy, Hugh de (d. 1186)". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography, p. 31. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- David Nicolle (2011). Osprey: Command 12 - Saladin, p. 4. ISBN 978-1-84908-317-1.
- 4 ANNALES MONASTICI (Henry Richards Luard ed., 1869) ("MCLXXII. Nihil memoriale.")