Matilda II, Countess of Boulogne

Mahaut or Matilda II of Boulogne (also known as Mathilde, Maud de Dammartin; 1202 – January 1259) was Countess of Boulogne in her own right and Queen of Portugal by marriage to King Afonso III from 1248 until their divorce in 1253. She was the daughter of Ida, Countess of Boulogne and her husband and co-ruler Renaud, Count of Dammartin.[1] She succeeded her mother as Countess of Boulogne in 1216. She was the great-granddaughter of King Stephen of England.

Matilda II of Boulogne
Matilde in Genealogia dos Reis de Portugal (António de Holanda; 1530–1534)
Queen consort of Portugal
Countess of Boulogne
PredecessorIda and Renaud
Co-rulersPhilip I (1223–1235)
Afonso (1238–1248)
DiedJanuary 1259 (aged 56–57)
Cistercian Abbey of Gomerfontaine (Trie-la-Ville, Oise department)
(m. 1214; died 1235)
(m. 1238; div. 1253)
IssueJoan, Countess of Nevers
Alberic, Count of Clermont
FatherRenaud, Count of Dammartin
MotherIda, Countess of Boulogne

First marriage edit

In 1223, Matilda married her first husband, Philippe Hurepel, Count of Clermont-en-Beauvais, a younger, arguably illegitimate son of King Philip II of France.[1] By marriage to her, Philippe became her co-ruler of Boulogne, Mortain, Aumale and Dammartin-en-Goële.[1] Count Philippe revolted against his widowed sister-in-law, Blanche of Castile, when his half-brother King Louis VIII died in 1226.[2]

Second marriage edit

Count Philippe died in 1234,[3] and Matilda reigned independently for three years. To give the county a male head, she married again in 1238 to Infante Afonso, second in line to the Portuguese throne, younger brother of King Sancho II of Portugal. He became King Afonso III of Portugal on 4 January 1248. At that time he renounced Boulogne.

In 1258, Matilda charged Afonso with bigamy, following his marriage to Beatrice of Castile.[4] Pope Alexander in response, imposed interdict upon any place the couple stayed.[4] At the time of Matilda's death, Afonso and Beatriz were still together, despite the Pope's protests.[4]

Later life edit

She had a son and a daughter with Count Philippe, but no surviving issue with Afonso. Matilda's then apparent barrenness was the true reason for their divorce. According to reports, Queen Matilda remained in Boulogne and was not allowed to follow her husband to Portugal.

Matilda's daughter, having married a lord de Châtillon-Montjay, predeceased her, and presumably left no surviving issue.

Her son reportedly renounced his rights and went to England, for unknown reasons. Apparently he survived his mother the Countess, but presumably did not leave issue.

She was probably buried at the Cistercian Abbey of Gomerfontaine (nowadays in the French commune of Trie-la-Ville, in the Oise department).[5]

Ancestry edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Wood 1966, p. 9.
  2. ^ Barber 1992, p. 266.
  3. ^ Wood 1966, p. 37.
  4. ^ a b c Livermore 1947, p. 136.
  5. ^ Toussaint Duplessis 1740, pp. 334–335.

Sources edit

  • Barber, Malcolm (1992). The Two Cities: Medieval Europe 1050–1320. Routledge.
  • Livermore, H.V. (1947). A History of Portugal. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wood, Charles T. (1966). The French Apanages and the Capetian Monarchy: 1224-1328. Harvard University Press.
  • Toussaint Duplessis, Michel (1740). Description géographique et historique de la haute Normandie, vol. 2. Nyon Père.
Regnal titles
Preceded by Countess of Boulogne
1216 – 1259
with Philip I (1223-35)
Alphonse (1238-48)
Succeeded by
Portuguese royalty
Preceded by Queen consort of Portugal
4 January 1248 – 1253
Succeeded by