Oise (/wɑːz/ WAHZ; French: [waz] (listen); Picard: Oése) is a department in the north of France. It is named after the river Oise. Inhabitants of the department are called Oisiens (French: [wazjɛ̃]) or Isariens, after the Latin name for the river, Isara. It had a population of 829,419 in 2019.[3]

Oise
Prefecture building in Beauvais
Prefecture building in Beauvais
Flag of Oise
Coat of arms of Oise
Location of Oise in France
Location of Oise in France
Coordinates: 49°23′N 02°25′E / 49.383°N 2.417°E / 49.383; 2.417Coordinates: 49°23′N 02°25′E / 49.383°N 2.417°E / 49.383; 2.417
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
PrefectureBeauvais
SubprefecturesClermont
Compiègne
Senlis
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilNadège Lefebvre[1] (LR)
Area
 • Total5,860 km2 (2,260 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
 • Total829,419
 • Rank26th
 • Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number60
Arrondissements4
Cantons21
Communes679
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

HistoryEdit

Oise is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the province of Île-de-France and Picardy.

After the coalition victory at Waterloo, the department was occupied by British troops between June 1815 and November 1818.

In March 2021, local Member of Parliament Olivier Dassault was killed in a plane crash.[4]

GeographyEdit

Oise is part of the current region of Hauts-de-France and is situated 35 km north of Paris. It is surrounded by the departments of Somme, Aisne, Seine-et-Marne, Val-d'Oise, Eure, and Seine-Maritime.

Principal townsEdit

The most populous commune is Beauvais, the prefecture. As of 2019, there are 13 communes with more than 10,000 inhabitants. The 10 most populous communes are:[3]

Commune Population (2019)
Beauvais 57,071
Compiègne 40,615
Creil 36,169
Nogent-sur-Oise 20,780
Crépy-en-Valois 14,788
Senlis 14,760
Méru 14,452
Montataire 13,645
Noyon 13,190
Pont-Sainte-Maxence 12,602

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801350,854—    
1821375,817+0.34%
1831397,725+0.57%
1841398,868+0.03%
1851403,857+0.12%
1861401,417−0.06%
1872396,804−0.11%
1881404,555+0.22%
1891401,835−0.07%
1901407,808+0.15%
1911411,028+0.08%
1921387,760−0.58%
1931407,432+0.50%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1936402,569−0.24%
1946396,724−0.15%
1954435,308+1.17%
1962481,289+1.26%
1968540,988+1.97%
1975606,320+1.64%
1982661,781+1.26%
1990725,603+1.16%
1999766,441+0.61%
2006792,975+0.49%
2011805,642+0.32%
2016823,542+0.44%
source:[5][6]

PoliticsEdit

The president of the Departmental Council is Nadège Lefebvre, elected in 2017.

Presidential elections 2nd roundEdit

Election Winning Candidate Party % 2nd Place Candidate Party %
2022 Emmanuel Macron LREM 47.27 Marine Le Pen RN 52.73
2017[7] Emmanuel Macron LREM 53.28 Marine Le Pen FN 46.72
2012 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 52.66 François Hollande PS 47.34
2007 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 58.28 Ségolène Royal PS 41.72
2002[7] Jacques Chirac RPR 74.93 Jean-Marie Le Pen FN 25.07

Current National Assembly RepresentativesEdit

Constituency Member[8] Party
Oise's 1st constituency Victor Habert-Dassault The Republicans
Oise's 2nd constituency Agnès Thill Union of Democrats and Independents
Oise's 3rd constituency Pascal Bois La République En Marche!
Oise's 4th constituency Éric Woerth The Republicans
Oise's 5th constituency Pierre Vatin The Republicans
Oise's 6th constituency Carole Bureau-Bonnard La République En Marche!
Oise's 7th constituency Maxime Minot The Republicans

TourismEdit

The major tourist attraction of the department is the Parc Astérix, which opened in 1989. Other interesting sites are Beauvais Cathedral, the Chateau de Pierrefonds, restored by Viollet-le-Duc, and the art collection of the Château de Chantilly, which is one of the largest outside Paris.

Twinned countyEdit

Oise is twinned with Bedfordshire in England. It is also twinned with the Indonesian regency of Karanganyar and the Chinese provinces of Shandong and Zhejiang.

One of the villages along the river Oise is Auvers-sur-Oise, famous for having been visited by several impressionist artists. This is where Vincent van Gogh spent his last 70 days and is his and his brother Theo's resting place.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ a b Populations légales 2019: 60 Oise, INSEE
  4. ^ "French MP and billionaire Olivier Dassault dies in helicopter crash". BBC News. 2021-03-07. Retrieved 2021-03-08.
  5. ^ "Historique de l'Oise". Le SPLAF.
  6. ^ "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  7. ^ a b l'Intérieur, Ministère de. "Présidentielles". interieur.gouv.fr.
  8. ^ Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.

External linksEdit