Open main menu

Oise (/wɑːz/ WAHZ, French: [waz] (About this soundlisten)) is a department in the north of France. It is named after the river Oise. Inhabitants of the department are called Oisiens or Isariens, after the Latin name for the river, Isara.

Oise
Prefecture building in Beauvais
Prefecture building in Beauvais
Coat of arms of Oise
Coat of arms
Location of Oise in France
Location of Oise in France
Coordinates: 49°23′N 02°25′E / 49.383°N 2.417°E / 49.383; 2.417Coordinates: 49°23′N 02°25′E / 49.383°N 2.417°E / 49.383; 2.417
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
PrefectureBeauvais
SubprefecturesClermont
Compiègne
Senlis
Government
 • President of the General CouncilYves Rome
Area
 • Total5,860 km2 (2,260 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total823,542
 • Rank26th
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number60
Arrondissements4
Cantons21
Communes679
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

HistoryEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1801350,854—    
1821375,817+0.34%
1831397,725+0.57%
1841398,868+0.03%
1851403,857+0.12%
1861401,417−0.06%
1872396,804−0.11%
1881404,555+0.22%
1891401,835−0.07%
1901407,808+0.15%
1911411,028+0.08%
1921387,760−0.58%
1931407,432+0.50%
1936402,569−0.24%
1946396,724−0.15%
1954435,308+1.17%
1962481,289+1.26%
1968540,988+1.97%
1975606,320+1.64%
1982661,781+1.26%
1990725,603+1.16%
1999766,441+0.61%
2006792,975+0.49%
2016823,542+0.38%
source:[1]

Oise is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the province of Île-de-France and Picardy.

After the coalition victory at Waterloo, the department was occupied by British troops between June 1815 and November 1818.

GeographyEdit

Oise is part of the current region of Hauts-de-France and is situated 35 km north of Paris. It is surrounded by the departments of Somme, Aisne, Seine-et-Marne, Val-d'Oise, Eure, and Seine-Maritime.

Principal townsEdit

Most Populous Oise communes[2]
Rank Commune Canton Arrondissement Population
1 Beauvais Beauvais-1
Beauvais-2
Beauvais 55,252
2 Compiègne Compiègne-1
Compiègne-2
Compiègne 40,430
3 Creil Creil Senlis 34,262
4 Nogent-sur-Oise Nogent-sur-Oise Senlis 18,753
5 Senlis Senlis Senlis 15,583
6 Crépy-en-Valois Crépy-en-Valois Senlis 14,962
7 Méru Méru Beauvais 13,995
8 Noyon Noyon Compiègne 13,894
9 Montataire Montataire Senlis 12,843
10 Pont-Sainte-Maxence Pont-Sainte-Maxence Senlis 12,637

PoliticsEdit

TourismEdit

The major tourist attraction of the department is the Parc Astérix, which opened in 1989. Other very interesting sites are Beauvais Cathedral, the Chateau de Pierrefonds, restored by Viollet-le-Duc, and the art collection of the Château de Chantilly, which is one of the largest outside Paris.

Twinned countyEdit

Oise is twinned with Bedfordshire. One of the villages along the river Oise is Auvers-sur-Oise, famous for having been visited by several impressionist artists. This is where Vincent van Gogh spent his last 70 days and is his and his brother Theo's resting place.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  2. ^ "Insee - Populations légales 2013". Insee. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  3. ^ http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/

External linksEdit