Creil [kʁɛj] is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.[3] The Creil station is an important railway junction.

Creil
Quartier St-Médard
Quartier St-Médard
Coat of arms of Creil
Location of Creil
Creil is located in France
Creil
Creil
Creil is located in Hauts-de-France
Creil
Creil
Coordinates: 49°15′30″N 2°29′00″E / 49.2583°N 2.4833°E / 49.2583; 2.4833Coordinates: 49°15′30″N 2°29′00″E / 49.2583°N 2.4833°E / 49.2583; 2.4833
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentOise
ArrondissementSenlis
CantonCreil
IntercommunalityCA Creil Sud Oise
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jean-Claude Villemain[1]
Area
1
11.09 km2 (4.28 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
36,169
 • Density3,300/km2 (8,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
60175 /60100
Elevation26–129 m (85–423 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

Archaeological remains in the area include a Neolithic site as well as a late Iron Age necropolis, perhaps belonging to a Gaulish fortress or protected camp.

The city itself is mentioned for the first time in a 633 AD document.

The Château de Creil is recorded from the 7th century.

There are some traces of a castle in which Charles VI resided during the period of his madness, c. 1390. Creil played a part of some importance in the wars of the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries.[4]

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 976—    
1800 1,000+0.35%
1806 1,196+3.03%
1821 1,329+0.71%
1831 1,550+1.55%
1836 1,690+1.74%
1841 1,790+1.16%
1846 2,223+4.43%
1851 2,656+3.62%
1856 3,181+3.67%
1861 3,626+2.65%
1866 4,539+4.59%
1872 4,998+1.62%
1876 5,737+3.51%
1881 7,182+4.60%
1886 7,418+0.65%
1891 8,183+1.98%
1896 8,456+0.66%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 9,125+1.53%
1906 9,272+0.32%
1911 10,214+1.95%
1921 10,359+0.14%
1926 10,558+0.38%
1931 10,768+0.39%
1936 10,899+0.24%
1946 10,024−0.83%
1954 13,500+3.79%
1962 19,235+4.52%
1968 32,544+9.16%
1975 32,509−0.02%
1982 34,709+0.94%
1990 31,956−1.03%
1999 30,675−0.45%
2007 33,837+1.23%
2012 33,936+0.06%
2017 35,657+0.99%
Source: EHESS[5] and INSEE (1968-2017)[6]

International relationsEdit

Creil is twinned with:[7]

PersonalitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ INSEE commune file
  4. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Creil" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 402.
  5. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Creil, EHESS. (in French)
  6. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  7. ^ "Relations internationales". creil.fr (in French). Creil. Retrieved 2019-11-20.

External linksEdit