Eure (French pronunciation: ​[œʁ]) is a department in Normandy in Northwestern France, named after the river Eure. Its prefecture is Évreux. In 2019, Eure had a population of 599,507.[3]

Eure
Claude Monet's garden and water-lily pond in Giverny, near Yvelines, subject of a series of famous paintings.
Claude Monet's garden and water-lily pond in Giverny, near Yvelines, subject of a series of famous paintings.
Flag of Eure
Coat of arms of Eure
Location of Eure in France
Location of Eure in France
Coordinates: 49°5′N 1°0′E / 49.083°N 1.000°E / 49.083; 1.000
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
PrefectureÉvreux
SubprefecturesLes Andelys
Bernay
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilSébastien Lecornu[1] (LREM)
Area
 • Total6,040 km2 (2,330 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2020)[2]
 • Total599,668
 • Rank43rd
 • Density99/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number27
Arrondissements3
Cantons23
Communes585
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2

HistoryEdit

Eure is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Normandy. The name in fact is taken from the Eure river flowing mainly in this department.

After the allied victory at Waterloo, Eure was occupied by Prussian troops between June 1815 and November 1818.

In the wake of Louis-Napoléons December coup of 1851, Eure was one of the departments placed under a state of emergency in order to avert resistance to the post-republican régime. In the event fewer than 100 government opponents in Eure were arrested.[4]

GeographyEdit

Eure is part of the current region of Normandy and is surrounded by the departments of Seine-Maritime, Oise, Val-d'Oise, Yvelines, Eure-et-Loir, Orne, and Calvados. It also has a short coastline within the Atlantic Ocean across the Seine estuary.

The department is a largely wooded plateau intersected by the valleys of the river Seine and its tributaries. The altitude varies from sea level in the north to 248 metres above it in the south.

Principal townsEdit

The most populous commune is Évreux, the prefecture. As of 2019, there are 5 communes with more than 10,000 inhabitants:[3]

Commune Population (2019)
Évreux 46,349
Vernon 23,727
Louviers 18,518
Val-de-Reuil 12,910
Gisors 11,696

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1791385,206—    
1801402,796+0.45%
1806421,344+0.90%
1821416,178−0.08%
1831424,248+0.19%
1841425,780+0.04%
1851415,777−0.24%
1861398,661−0.42%
1872377,874−0.49%
1881364,291−0.41%
1891349,471−0.41%
1901334,781−0.43%
1911323,651−0.34%
1921303,159−0.65%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1931305,788+0.09%
1936303,829−0.13%
1946315,902+0.39%
1954332,514+0.64%
1962361,943+1.07%
1968383,385+0.96%
1975422,952+1.41%
1982462,323+1.28%
1990513,818+1.33%
1999541,054+0.58%
2006567,223+0.68%
2011588,111+0.73%
2016602,825+0.50%
source:[5][6]

PoliticsEdit

The President of the Departmental Council is Sébastien Lecornu of La République En Marche!.

Party seats
Socialist Party 12
Union for a Popular Movement 11
Miscellaneous Left 7
French Communist Party 4
Miscellaneous Right 4
New Centre 3
Left Radical Party 2

Presidential elections 2nd roundEdit

Election Winning Candidate Party % 2nd Place Candidate Party %
2022 Emmanuel Macron LREM 48.62 Marine Le Pen RN 51.38
2017[7] Emmanuel Macron LREM 54.35 Marine Le Pen FN 45.65
2012 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 52.45 François Hollande PS 47.55
2007 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 57.37 Ségolène Royal PS 42.63
2002[7] Jacques Chirac RPR 78.22 Jean-Marie Le Pen FN 21.78

Current National Assembly RepresentativesEdit

Constituency Member[8] Party
Eure's 1st constituency Séverine Gipson La République En Marche!
Eure's 2nd constituency Fabien Gouttefarde La République En Marche!
Eure's 3rd constituency Marie Tamarelle-Verhaeghe La République En Marche!
Eure's 4th constituency Bruno Questel La République En Marche!
Eure's 5th constituency Claire O'Petit La République En Marche!

TourismEdit

The main tourist attraction is Giverny (4 km (2.49 mi) from Vernon) where Claude Monet's house and garden can be seen, as well as other places of interest (see external links, below).

The Abbey of Bec and the Château-Gaillard near Les Andelys are other important tourist attractions.

The Château of Buisson de May was built by the royal architect Jacques Denis Antoine from 1781 to 1783.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2020". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2022.
  3. ^ a b Populations légales 2019: 27 Eure, INSEE
  4. ^ Jacques Olivier Boudon, Les Bonaparte : regards sur la France impériale. La Documentation photographique, dossier 8073, janvier-février 2010, p. 11 (carte de Gilles Pécout)
  5. ^ "Historique de l'Eure". Le SPLAF.
  6. ^ "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  7. ^ a b l'Intérieur, Ministère de. "Présidentielles". interieur.gouv.fr.
  8. ^ Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.

External linksEdit