Water Lilies (Monet series)

Water Lilies (or Nymphéas, French: [nɛ̃.fe.a]) is a series of approximately 250 oil paintings by French Impressionist Claude Monet (1840–1926). The paintings depict his flower garden at his home in Giverny, and were the main focus of his artistic production during the last thirty years of his life. Many of the works were painted while Monet suffered from cataracts.[1][2]

Claude Monet, The Water Lilies – The Clouds, 1920–26, Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
Claude Monet, The Water Lilies – Setting Sun, 1920–26, Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
Claude Monet, Reflections of Clouds on the Water-Lily Pond, c. 1920, 200 × 1276 cm (78.74 × 502.36 in), oil on canvas, Museum of Modern Art, New York City

BackgroundEdit

Monet's long-standing preference for producing and exhibiting a series of paintings related by subject and perspective began in 1889, with at least ten paintings done at the Valley of the Creuse, which were shown at the Galerie Georges Petit.[3] Among his other famous series are his Haystacks.

During the 1920s, the state of France built a pair of oval rooms at the Musée de l'Orangerie as a permanent home for eight water lily murals by Monet. The exhibit opened to the public on 16 May 1927, a few months after Monet's death.[1] Sixty water lily paintings from around the world were assembled for a special exhibition at the Musée de l'Orangerie in 1999.[4]

The paintings are on display at museums all over the world, including the Princeton University Art Museum, Musée Marmottan Monet,[5] the Musée d'Orsay in Paris, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Museum of Modern Art in New York,[6] the Art Institute of Chicago,[7] the Saint Louis Art Museum,[8] the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City, Missouri,[9] the Carnegie Museum of Art, the National Museum of Wales, the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nantes, the Cleveland Museum of Art,[10] the Portland Art Museum and the Legion of Honor.[11] In 2020, The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston celebrated its 150-anniversary with some of Monet's Water Lilies paintings.[12]

The paintings at auctionEdit

On 19 June 2007, one of Monet's Water Lily paintings sold for £18.5 million at a Sotheby's auction in London.[13] On 24 June 2008 another of his Water Lily paintings, Le Bassin Aux Nymphéas, sold for almost £41 million at Christie's in London, almost double the estimate of £18 to £24 million.[14]

In May 2010, it was announced that the 1906 Nymphéas work would be auctioned in London in June 2010. The painting had an estimated sale price of between £30 and £40 million.[15] Giovanna Bertazzoni, Christie's auction house director and head of impressionist and modern art, said, "Claude Monet's water-lily paintings are amongst the most recognised and celebrated works of the 20th Century and were hugely influential to many of the following generations of artists."[15] The sale took place on 23 June 2010 at the auction house and the painting attracted bids of up to £29 million, but it ultimately failed to sell.[16]

On 6 May 2014, one of the Water Lilies, Le Bassin aux Nymphéas, was auctioned at Christie's, New York City for $27 million.[16][17]

In June 2014, one of the Water Lilies, Nymphéas, sold for $54 million USD at a Sotheby's auction in London.[18] This piece was auctioned to an anonymous buyer, but the piece went on to be part of the exhibition "Painting the Modern Garden: From Monet to Matisse" at the Cleveland Museum of Art and the Royal Academy of Arts, London, starting in 2015.[18] The co-chairman of Sotheby's modern and impressionist art department, Helena Newman, claims that the result is at the top of the original estimated selling price. This price was between 34 and 51 million USD.

While many of Monet’s masterpieces have sold, there are still an estimated 250 oil paintings from this series.[19] The collection is widely popular, with many of these pieces residing in exhibits that have yet to go to auction. The paintings have been catalogued by Daniel Wildenstein in his Monet: Catalogue Raisonné.

GalleryEdit

List of Water Lily paintingsEdit

Image Title Date Catalog No Size (cm) Museum
  The Japanese Bridge 1896 W.1419 98 x 117 Philadelphia Museum of Art
  Water Lilies 1897–98 W.1501 66 x 104 Los Angeles County Museum of Art
  Water Lilies 1897–98 W.1502 73 x 100
  Water Lilies 1897–98 W.1503 75 x 100
  Water Lilies – Evening Effect 1897–98 W.1504 73 x 100 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  Water Lilies 1897–98 W.1505 75 x 100
  Water-Lilies 1897–99 W.1506 89 x 130 City Museum of Art, Kagoshima
  Water Lilies 1897–99 W.1507 81 x 100 Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome
  Water-Lilies 1897–99 W.1508 130 x 152
  Water Lilies and Japanese Bridge 1899 W.1509 90 x 90 Princeton University Art Museum
  The Water Lily Pond 1899 W.1510 92 x 90
  The Water Lily Pond 1899 W.1511 89 x 92 Pola Museum of Art, Kanagawa
  Japanese Bridge and Water Lily Pond 1899 W.1512 89 x 93 Philadelphia Museum of Art
  White Water Lilies 1895 W.1513 Pushkin Museum (Moscow)
  The Water-Lily Pond 1899 W.1514 89 x 92
  The Lily Pond, Green Harmony 1898 W.1515 89 x 92 Musée d'Orsay, Paris
  The Lily Pond 1899 W.1516 88 x 93 National Gallery, London
  Japanese Footbridge 1899 W.1517 81 x 100 National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
  Bridge over the Lily Pond 1899 W.1518 93 x 74 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  Bridge over the Water-Lilies 1899 W.1520 116 x 89 MM Khalil Museum, Cairo
  The Bridge over the Water-Lily Pond 1900 W.1628 Art Institute of Chicago
  Water-Lily Pond, Symphony in Rose 1900 W.1629 Musée d'Orsay, Paris
  The Water-Lily Pond 1900 W.1630 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  The Japanese Bridge or The Lily Pond 1900 W.1631 89 x 82 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  Water-lily Pond and Path by the Water 1900 W.1633
  Water-Lilies, Clouds 1903 W.1656 73 x 100 Private collection
  Water-Lilies 1903 W.1657 81 x 100 Dayton Art Institute
  Water-Lilies 1903 W.1658 81 x 100 Bridgestone Museum of Art, Tokyo
  Water-Lilies 1903 W.1660 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  Water-Lilies 1903 W.1661 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  Water-Lilies 1904 W.1662 81 x 100 Private collection
  Lily Pond 1904 W.1664 90 x 96 Museum of modern art André Malraux - MuMa, Le Havre
  Water-Lilies 1904 W.1665
  Lily Pond 1904 W.1666 88 x 91 Denver Art Museum
  Water-Lilies 1904 W.1667 Musée des Beaux-Arts de Caen
  The Bridge over the Water-Lily Pond 1905 W.1668 Private collection
  Lily Pond, the Bridge 1905 W.1669
  The Water-Lily Pond and Bridge 1905 W.1670 86 X 100 Private collection
  Water-Lilies 1905 W.1671 89 x 100 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  Water-Lilies 1905 W.1672 89 x 99 Private collection
  Water-Lilies 1905 W.1673 90 X 100
  Water-Lilies 1905 W.1674 90 x 100
  Water-Lilies 1905 W.1675 89 x 92
  Water-Lilies 1905 W.1676 Private collection
  Water-Lilies 1905 W.1678 Private collection
  Water-Lilies 1905 W.1679 81 x 100.5
  Water-Lilies 1905 W.1680 82 x 101 National Museums & Galleries of Wales, Cardiff
  Water-Lilies 1906–07 W.1682 73 x 100 Private collection
  Water-Lilies 1906–07 W.1683 80 x 94 Chicago Art Institute
  Water-Lilies 1906–07 W.1684 Private collection
  Water-Lilies 1906–07 W.1685 81 x 92
  Water-Lilies 1906–07 W.1686 Private collection
  Water-Lilies 1906–07 W.1687 91 x 100
  Water-Lilies 1906–07 W.1688 National Museums & Galleries of Wales, Cardiff
  Water-Lilies 1906–07 W.1689 73 x 92 Ohara Museum of Art, Kurashiki
  Water-Lilies 1908 W.1690 90 x 93 Kunstmuseum, Saint Gallen
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1691 81 x 92 Museum of Art, Yamagata
  Le bassin aux nymphéas ou Les nymphéas à Giverny 1907 100 x 200 Musée d'Arts de Nantes
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1695 81 x 100 Musée M Khalil, Cairo
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1696 Wadsworth Atheneum Hartford
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1697 90 x 93 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1698 93 x 89
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1699 93 x 99 Pola Museum of Art, Kanagawa
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1700
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1701 Diam. 81 cm Musée d'art moderne (Saint-Étienne)
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1702 circular Musée d'art moderne (Saint-Étienne)
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1703 91 x 81 Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1704
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1705
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1706 73 x 92 Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art, Chiba-shi
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1708
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1709 Private collection
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1710 Israel Museum, Jerusalem
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1713 82 x 89 Kuboso Memorial Museum of Art, Osaka
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1714 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1715 Bridgestone Museum of Art, Tokyo
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1716 Gothenburg Museum of Art
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1717 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  Water-Lilies, Reflections on the Water 1907 W.1718 Musée A André, Bagnols-sur-Cèze
  Water-Lilies, Setting Sun 1907 W.1719 73 x 93 National Gallery, London
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1721 90 x 92
  Water-Lilies 1907 W.1723 100 x 100
  Water Lilies 1908 W.1724 Diam. 81 Museum of Vernon
  Water-Lilies 1908 W.1725 92 x 81
  Water-Lilies 1908 W.1726 100 x 81
  Water-Lilies 1908 W.1727 92 x 89
  Water-Lilies 1908 W.1728 92 x 89 Private collection
  Water-Lilies 1908 W.1729 Diam. 80 Dallas Museum of Art
  Water-Lilies 1908 W.1730 100 x 81
  Water-Lilies 1908 W.1731 100 x 90 Tokyo Fuji Art Museum
  Water-Lilies 1908 W.1732 100 x 81 National Museum of Wales, Cardiff
  Water-Lilies 1908 W.1733 73 x 93 Worcester Art Museum
  Water-Lilies 1908 W.1734 86 x 90
  Water-Lilies 1908 W.1735 100 x 81
The Water-Lily Pond, Rose Arches 1914–17 W.1781 73 x 100
  Water-Lilies with Reflections of Green Grasses 1914–17 W.1782 130 x 200 Private collection
  Water-Lilies 1914–17 W.1783 130 x 200 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  Water-Lilies 1914–17 W.1786 130 x 150
  Water-Lilies 1914–17 W.1787 135 x 145
  Water-Lilies 1914–17 W.1788 180 x 146 Fine Arts Museum, San Francisco
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1789 175 x 135
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1790 160 x 180 Private collection
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1793 152 x 200 Asahi beer Oyamazaki Villa Museum of Art, Kyoto
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1794 130 x 90 Museum of Modern Art, Gunma
  Water Lilies 1915 W. 1795 160 x 180 Portland Art Museum, Oregon
  Water-Lilies 1915 W.1796 151 x 200 Neue Pinakothek, Munich
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1797 130 x 153 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1798 132 x 84
Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1799 170 x 122
  Water Lilies 1916 W.1800 200 x 200 National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
  White and Yellow Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1801 200 x 200 Kunstverein, Winterthur
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1802 200 x 200 Asahi beer Oyamazaki Villa Museum of Art, Kyoto
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1803 Private collection
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1804 200 x 215 Toledo Museum of Art
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1805 160 x 180
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1806 150 x 165
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1807 180 x 200 National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1808 180 x 200
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1809 135 x 145
  Water Lilies 1914–19 W.1810 120 x 200 Private collection
  Water Lilies 1914–19 W.1811 200 x 200 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1812 135 x 145 Chichu Art Museum, Naoshima
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1813
(lost in fire)
180 x 200 Museum of Modern Art, New York
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1814 150 x 200 Beyeler Foundation, Basel
  Water Lilies 1914–17 W.1815 180 x 200 Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne
  Water Lilies 1914–19 W.1816 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  Water-Lilies, Cluster of Grass 1914–17 W.1817 200 x 213 Chichu Art Museum, Naoshima
  Water-Lilies 1916–19 W.1852 150 x 197 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  Blue Water-Lilies 1916–19 W.1853 200 x 200 Musée d'Orsay, Paris
  Water-Lilies 1916–19 W.1854 200 x 180 Beyeler Foundation, Basel
  Water-Lilies, Reflection of a Weeping Willow 1916–19 W.1855 130 x 88 Musée Marmottan Monet,Paris
  Water-Lilies, Reflection of a Weeping Willow 1916–19 W.1857
(left half)
Chichu Art Museum, Naoshima
  Water-Lilies, Reflection of a Weeping Willow 1916–19 W.1857
(right half)
Chichu Art Museum, Naoshima
  Water-Lilies, Reflections of a Weeping Willow 1916–19 W.1858 130 x 200 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  Water-Lilies, Reflection of a Weeping Willow 1916–19 W.1859 200 x 200 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  Water-Lilies, Reflection of a Weeping Willow 1916–19 W.1860 130 x 200 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  Water-Lilies, Reflection of a Weeping Willow 1916–19 W.1861 130 x 197 Municipal Museum of Art, Kitakyushu
  Water-Lilies, Reflection of a Weeping Willow 1916–19 W.1862 200 x 200 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  Water-Lilies 1916–19 W.1863 130 x 200 Museum of Art, San Antonio
  Water-Lilies 1916–19 W.1864 130 x 152 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
The Water-Lily Pond 1918–19 W.1879 120 x 89 Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Geneva
  The Water-Lily Pond 1918–19 W.1880
  The Water-Lily Pond 1918–19 W.1882 73 x 105 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  The Water-Lily Pond 1918–19 W.1883 130 x 200 Museum Folkwang, Essen
  The Water-Lily Pond 1917–19 W.1885
  The Water-Lily Pond 1917–19 W.1886 100 x 200 Musée d'Arts de Nantes
  The Water-Lily Pond 1917–19 W.1887 Private collection
  The Water-Lily Pond 1917–19 W.1888/1 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  The Water-Lily Pond 1917–19 W.1889 101 x 200 Chicago Art Institute
  The Water Lily Pond 1917–19 W.1890 100 x 200
  The Water-Lily Pond (left panel) 1917–19 W.1891 101 x 200 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  The Water-Lily Pond (right panel) 1917–19 W.1892 100 x 200
  THe Water Lily Pond
(half of original)
1917–19 W.1893-1
  The Water Lily Pond
(half of original)
1917–19 W.1893-2 101 x 104 Private Collection
  Water Lilies 1917–19 W.1894
  Water Lilies 1917–19 W.1895
  The Water-Lily Pond 1917–19 W.1896 100 x 200 Chichu Art Museum, Naoshima
  The Water-Lily Pond 1917–19 W.1897
  Water-Lily Pond 1917–19 W.1899 100 x 200 Albertina, Vienna
The Water-Lily Pond 1917–20 W.1900 100 x 200
The Water-Lily Pond (left side) 1917–20 W.1901/1 Location Unknown
  The Water-Lily Pond (right side) 1917–20 W.1901/2 98 x 130 Private Collection
  The Water-Lily Pond 1917–20 W.1901a 46 x 56
  The Water-Lily Pond 1917–20 W.1901b
  Water Lilies 1919–20 W.1902 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  The Japanese Bridge 1918 W.1913 100 x 200 Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris
  Le Pont japonais, sur le bassin aux nymphéas 1920–24 W.1919 89 x 92 São Paulo Museum of Art
  The Japanese Bridge 1918–24 W.1921 115 x 89 Beyeler Foundation, Basel
  The Japanese Bridge 1917–20 W.1921a Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam
  Le Pont japonais, Giverny 1920–24 W.1925 94 x 89 Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
  Nymphéas et Pont japonais 1920–24 W.1930 89 x 91 Philadelphia Museum of Art
  The Japanese Bridge 1923–25 W.1931 Minneapolis Institute of Arts
  The Japanese Bridge 1920–22 W.1932 89 x 116 Museum of Modern Art, New York
  The Japanese Bridge 1920s W.1933 89 x 116 Musée Marmottan Monet
  Water-Lily Pond, Evening (left panel) 1920–26 W.1964 Kunsthaus Zurich
  Water-Lily Pond, Evening (right panel) 1920–26 W.1965 Kunsthaus Zurich
  Water-Lily Pond (left half) 1920–26 W.1966 200 x 150 Chichu Art Museum, Naoshima
  Water-Lily Pond (right half) 1920–26 W.1967 200 x 150 Chichu Art Museum, Naoshima
  Water-Lily Pond (triptych, left panel) 1920–26 W.1968 Beyeler Foundation, Basel
  Water-Lily Pond (triptych, center panel) 1920–26 W.1969 Beyeler Foundation, Basel
  Water-Lily Pond (triptych, right panel) 1920–26 W.1970 Beyeler Foundation, Basel
  Reflections of Clouds on the Water-Lily Pond (triptych, left panel) 1920–26 W.1972 200 x 424 Museum of Modern Art, New York
Reflections of Clouds on the Water-Lily Pond (triptych, center panel) 1920–26 W.1973 200 x 424 Museum of Modern Art, New York
Reflections of Clouds on the Water-Lily Pond (triptych, right panel) 1920–26 W.1974 200 x 424 Museum of Modern Art, New York
  Water Lilies, Agapanthus (left panel) 1920–26 W.1975 200 x 425 Cleveland Museum of Art
  Water Lilies, Agapanthus (center panel) 1920–26 W.1976 200 x 425 Saint Louis Art Museum
  Water Lilies, Agapanthus (right panel) 1920–26 W.1977 200 x 425 Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City
  Water-Lilies 1920–26 W.1978 200 x 427 National Gallery, London
The Water-Lily Pond, Green Reflections 1920–26 W.1979 Kunsthaus Zurich
  Water-Lily Pond with Irises 1920–26 W.1980 200 x 600 Kunsthaus Zurich
Water-Lily Pond 1920–26 W.1981 200 x 600 Museum of Modern Art, New York
  Water-Lily Pond 1920–26 W.1982 200 x 602
(lost in fire)
Museum of Modern Art, New York
  Water-Lily Pond 1920–26 W.1983 200 x 600 Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh
Water Lilies W.1992 Museum of Modern Art, New York
  Nymphéas, le matin clair aux saules 1914–26 200 x 1257 Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
  Nymphéas, reflets verts 1914–26 200 x 850 Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
  Nymphéas, Soleil couchant 1914–26 200 x 600 Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
  Nymphéas, les nuages 1914–26 200 x 1275 Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
  Nymphéas, les deux saules 1914–26 200 x 1700 Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
  Nymphéas, reflets d'arbres 1914–26 200 x 850 Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
  Vue du bassin aux nymphéas avec saule 1916–19 140 x 150 Private collection
  Nymphéas 1917–19 Honolulu Museum of Art
  Les Nymphéas 1920–26 219 x 602 Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
  Jardin d'eau à Giverny 1920 118 x 83 Museum of Grenoble

See alsoEdit

  • Weeping Willow, 1918 Monet painting, one of several works depicting a Weeping Willow tree located at the edge of his Water Lilies pond

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Monet, Claude." Grove Art Online.
  2. ^ Smart, Alastair (18 October 2014). "Why are Monet's water-lilies so popular?". The Telegraph. telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  3. ^ Tucker, Paul Hayes, Monet in the '90s: The Series Paintings, 1989, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston in association with Yale University Press, p. 41.
  4. ^ Susan Bell. "Paris sees Monet lilies in a new light." The Times. 8 May 1999.
  5. ^ Claude Monet paintings at the Marmottan
  6. ^ Water Lilies at the Metropolitan Museum of Art
  7. ^ Water Lilies at the Art Institute of Chicago
  8. ^ Water Lilies at the Saint Louis Art Museum,
  9. ^ Water Lilies, the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
  10. ^ "Water Lilies (Agapanthus)". Cleveland Museum of Art. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
  11. ^ "Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco". FAMSF. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  12. ^ "Boston's Museum Of Fine Arts Turns 150, Celebrates Monet's 'Lasting Impression'". NPR.org. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  13. ^ Dalya Alberge. "Monet lilies make £18.5m but just miss world record." The Times. 20 June 2007.
  14. ^ The Laura Henry Collection "Monet masterpiece sells at auction for almost £41million" The Laura Henry Collection. 25 June 2008.
  15. ^ a b "Monet water lily to be auctioned at Christie's". BBC News. 3 June 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2010.
  16. ^ "Picasso reaches £34.7m in Christie's auction". BBC News. 24 June 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
  17. ^ Embuscado, Rain (12 May 2016). "Frida Kahlo Breaks Record at Christie's May Sale". News.artnet.com. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  18. ^ a b "Monet painting of waterlilies sells for $54 million at auction". 26 June 2014.
  19. ^ Denham, Jess (24 June 2014). "Claude Monet water lilies painting sells for £32m in second highest sale for his work". The Independent. Retrieved 31 January 2019.

External linksEdit

External video
 
  Monet's Water Lilies