Vernon, Eure

Vernon (French pronunciation: ​[vɛʁnɔ̃]; Norman: Vernoun) is a commune in the French department of Eure, administrative region of Normandy, northern France.

Vernon
Old mill on the broken bridge
Old mill on the broken bridge
Coat of arms of Vernon
Location of Vernon
Vernon is located in France
Vernon
Vernon
Vernon is located in Normandy
Vernon
Vernon
Coordinates: 49°05′N 1°29′E / 49.09°N 1.49°E / 49.09; 1.49Coordinates: 49°05′N 1°29′E / 49.09°N 1.49°E / 49.09; 1.49
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
DepartmentEure
ArrondissementLes Andelys
CantonVernon
IntercommunalitySeine Normandie Agglomération
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) François Ouzilleau
Area
1
34.92 km2 (13.48 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
23,777
 • Density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
27681 /27200
Elevation10–148 m (33–486 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

It lies on the banks of the river Seine, about midway between Paris and Rouen. The town is known for its production of engines by the SNECMA group.

HistoryEdit

Mentioned in a Latin written document as Vernum, the /m/ at the end could be the last remains of the Celtic magus 'plain' or 'market', or it is a simple latinization, and the origin is just the Celtic word *uerno, alder tree (Breton gwern, Welsh gwern, Irish fern, modern French verne).

The village gave its name to a family who took part in the Norman Conquest of England, and then became a British first name.

The village is home to Établissement Saint-Adjutor, a notable private school.

Important datesEdit

  • 750 – First mention of name Vernon by Pepin the Short.
  • 1070 – Birth of Saint Adjutor.
  • 1123 – Building of Vernon Castle[2]
  • 1153 – Vernon is besieged by king Louis VII.
  • 1196 – Vernon is joined to the royal domain by King Philip II Augustus.
  • 1227 – Saint-Louis comes to Vernon.
  • 1415 – Vernon becomes English.
  • 1449 – Vernon passes to France (king Charles VII).
  • 1596 – 8 October, Henry IV visits Bizy Castle.
  • 1600 – Construction of the Vieux-Moulin (old mill).
  • 1606 – Henry IV creates a school.
  • 1723 – Creation of the Avenue des Capucins.
  • 1789 – Thomas Jefferson, his family, and Sally and James Hemings stop at Vernon on their way to Le Havre to return to America.
  • 1804 – Vernonnet is attached to Vernon.
  • 1810 – Napoleon I comes to Vernon.
  • 1843 – Arrival of the Paris-Rouen-Le Havre railroad.
  • 1858 – Building of the Saint-Louis Hospital.
  • 1860 – Highworks urbanism in the centre by Suchet d'Albuféra.
  • 1862 – Building of the library.
  • 1895 – Inauguration of the new town hall by Adolphe Barette.
  • 1897 – First cinema show at the Vernon Theatre.
  • 1910 – The Seine river floods the town.
  • 1946 – Arrival of 28 German scientists from Peenemünde to develop French rockets.
  • 1951 – First attempt to launch a Véronique rocket (Vernonelectronic) [1]
  • 1955 – Inauguration of the Clémenceau Bridge.
  • 1966 – Building of the Georges Dumézil high school .
  • 1983 – First edition of the Foire aux Cerises (cherry fair).
  • 1992 – Building of the Espace Culturel Philippe Auguste.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 4,029—    
1800 5,202+3.72%
1806 4,793−1.36%
1821 4,812+0.03%
1831 4,888+0.16%
1836 5,301+1.64%
1841 6,128+2.94%
1846 5,204−3.22%
1851 6,463+4.43%
1856 7,674+3.49%
1861 7,410−0.70%
1866 7,787+1.00%
1872 7,961+0.37%
1876 7,636−1.04%
1881 7,881+0.63%
1886 8,164+0.71%
1891 8,288+0.30%
1896 8,492+0.49%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 8,757+0.62%
1906 8,667−0.21%
1911 8,733+0.15%
1921 8,814+0.09%
1926 9,725+1.99%
1931 10,621+1.78%
1936 11,330+1.30%
1946 11,242−0.08%
1954 14,460+3.20%
1962 17,247+2.23%
1968 18,872+1.51%
1975 22,422+2.49%
1982 22,243−0.11%
1990 23,659+0.77%
1999 24,056+0.19%
2007 24,598+0.28%
2012 24,112−0.40%
2017 23,872−0.20%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Vernon is twinned with:[5]

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ https://www.castles.nl/archives-tower
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Vernon, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. ^ "Jumelage". vernon27.fr (in French). Vernon. Retrieved 2021-03-14.

External linksEdit