Les Andelys (French pronunciation: ​[lez‿ɑ̃dli]; Norman: Les Aundelys) is a commune in the northern French department of Eure, in Normandy.[3]

Les Andelys
The church and surroundings in Les Andelys
The church and surroundings in Les Andelys
Coat of arms of Les Andelys
Location of Les Andelys
Les Andelys is located in France
Les Andelys
Les Andelys
Les Andelys is located in Normandy
Les Andelys
Les Andelys
Coordinates: 49°14′46″N 1°24′45″E / 49.2461°N 1.4125°E / 49.2461; 1.4125Coordinates: 49°14′46″N 1°24′45″E / 49.2461°N 1.4125°E / 49.2461; 1.4125
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
DepartmentEure
ArrondissementLes Andelys
CantonLes Andelys
IntercommunalitySeine Normandie Agglomération
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Frédéric Duché[1]
Area
1
40.62 km2 (15.68 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
8,070
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
27016 /27700
Elevation7–161 m (23–528 ft)
(avg. 23 m or 75 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

It lies on the Seine,[4] about 35 km (22 mi) northeast of Évreux.

The commune is divided into two parts, Grand-Andely (located about .8 kilometres (0.5 mi) from the Siene) and Petit-Andely (situated on the right bank of the Seine).[4]

 
Panorama from the belvedere of Château Gaillard

HistoryEdit

Grand Andely, founded, according to tradition, in the 6th century, has a church (13th, 14th and 15th centuries) parts of which are of fine late Gothic and Renaissance architecture. The works of art in the interior include beautiful stained glass of the latter period.[4] Other interesting buildings are the hôtel du Grand Cerf dating from the first half of the 16th century, and the chapel of Sainte-Clotilde, close by a spring which, owing to its supposed healing powers, is the object of a pilgrimage.[4] Grand Andely has a statue of Nicolas Poussin, a native of the place. Petit Andely sprang up at the foot of the eminence on which stands the Château Gaillard, now in ruins, but formerly one of the strongest fortresses in France.[4] It was built by Richard I of England at the end of the 12th century to protect the Norman frontier, was captured by the French in 1204 and passed finally into their possession in 1449.[4] The church of St Sauveur at Petit Andely also dates from the end of the 12th century.[4]

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 5,140—    
1800 5,160+0.06%
1806 5,048−0.37%
1821 5,016−0.04%
1831 5,168+0.30%
1836 5,085−0.32%
1841 5,345+1.00%
1846 5,000−1.33%
1851 5,161+0.64%
1856 5,026−0.53%
1861 5,137+0.44%
1866 5,161+0.09%
1872 5,379+0.69%
1876 5,574+0.89%
1881 5,474−0.36%
1886 5,423−0.19%
1891 6,040+2.18%
1896 5,923−0.39%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 5,715−0.71%
1906 5,514−0.71%
1911 5,530+0.06%
1921 5,237−0.54%
1926 5,396+0.60%
1931 5,366−0.11%
1936 5,529+0.60%
1946 5,238−0.54%
1954 5,648+0.95%
1962 6,090+0.95%
1968 7,053+2.48%
1975 8,196+2.17%
1982 8,124−0.13%
1990 8,455+0.50%
1999 9,047+0.75%
2007 8,208−1.21%
2012 8,179−0.07%
2017 8,056−0.30%
Source: EHESS[5] and INSEE (1968-2017)[6]

SightsEdit

 
Château Gaillard, Donjon
 
Our Lady's Church

PersonalitiesEdit

Les Andelys was the birthplace of:

Sir John Woodroffe (1865–1936), lawyer and writer on Indian philosophy and Tantra, lived there from 1920 until his death.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 9 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Commune des Andelys (27016)". INSEE. Retrieved 2021-01-22.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Les Andelys" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 487.
  5. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Les Andelys, EHESS. (in French)
  6. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  7. ^ Base Mérimée: Château-Gaillard, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  8. ^ Base Mérimée: Eglise du Grand-Andely ou église Notre-Dame-du-Grand-Andely, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  9. ^ Base Mérimée: Eglise du Petit-Andely ou église Saint-Sauveur, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)

External linksEdit