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Hauts-de-France[1] (French pronunciation: ​[o d(ə) fʁɑ̃s], meaning "Upper France"), is the northernmost region of France, created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy. Its capital is Lille. The new region came into existence on 1 January 2016, after the regional elections in December 2015.[2] France's Conseil d'État approved Hauts-de-France as the name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective 30 September 2016.[3]

Hauts-de-France
Hauts-de-France in France 2016.svg
Country France
PrefectureLille
Departments
Government
 • President of the Regional CouncilXavier Bertrand (DVD)
Area
 • Total31,813 km2 (12,283 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total5,973,098
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Picards
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-HDF
GDP ()Ranked
Total€ billion (US$ bn)
Per capita€ (US$)
NUTS RegionFRE
Websitewww.regionhautsdefrance.fr

With 6,009,976 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2015), and a population of 189 inhabitants/km2, it represents the 3rd most populous region in France and the 2nd most densely populated in metropolitan France after its neighbor Île-de-France.

Contents

ToponymyEdit

The region's interim name Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie was a hyphenated placename, created by hyphenating the merged regions' names—Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardie—in alphabetical order.[4]

On 14 March 2016, well ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council decided on Hauts-de-France as the region's permanent name.[1][4] The provisional name of the region was retired on 30 September 2016, when the new name of the region, Hauts-de-France, took effect.[3]

GeographyEdit

The region covers an area of more than 31,813 km2 (12,283 sq mi). It borders Belgium (Flanders and Wallonia) to the northeast, the North Sea to the north, the English Channel to the west, as well as the French regions of Grand Est to the east-southeast, Île-de-France to the south, and Normandy to the west-southwest. It is connected to the United Kingdom (England) via the "Chunnel."

 
Map of the new region with its five départements, colored according to the historical provinces as they existed until 1790.
  Artois
  Cambrai [fr]
  Other

DepartmentsEdit

Hauts-de-France comprises five departments: Aisne, Nord, Oise, Pas-de-Calais, and Somme.

Major communitiesEdit

 
Notre Dame de Laon, France
 
View of England from Cap Gris Nez, France
  1. Lille (227,560; region prefecture; surrounding area is home to over 1.5 million inhabitants)
  2. Amiens (133,448)
  3. Roubaix (94,713)
  4. Tourcoing (91,923)
  5. Dunkirk (90,995)
  6. Calais (72,589)
  7. Villeneuve-d'Ascq (62,308)
  8. Saint-Quentin (55,978)
  9. Beauvais (54,289)
  10. Valenciennes (42,691)

French sartorial heritageEdit

The region was a pivotal center of mulquinerie

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "La Région a voté et s'appelle désormais Hauts-de-France" [The region has voted and is now called Hauts-de-France]. La Voix du Nord (in French). Lille. 15 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  2. ^ "La carte à 13 régions définitivement adoptée" [The 13-region map finally adopted]. Le Monde (in French). Agence France-Presse. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b Décret n° 2016-1265 du 28 septembre 2016 portant fixation du nom et du chef-lieu de la région Hauts-de-France (in French)
  4. ^ a b Loi n° 2015-29 du 16 janvier 2015 relative à la délimitation des régions, aux élections régionales et départementales et modifiant le calendrier électoral (in French)

External linksEdit