Year 1123 (MCXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
April 18: Baldwin II of Jerusalem is taken prisoner
1123 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1123
Ab urbe condita1876
Armenian calendar572
Assyrian calendar5873
Balinese saka calendar1044–1045
Bengali calendar530
Berber calendar2073
English Regnal year23 Hen. 1 – 24 Hen. 1
Buddhist calendar1667
Burmese calendar485
Byzantine calendar6631–6632
Chinese calendar壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
3820 or 3613
    — to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
3821 or 3614
Coptic calendar839–840
Discordian calendar2289
Ethiopian calendar1115–1116
Hebrew calendar4883–4884
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1179–1180
 - Shaka Samvat1044–1045
 - Kali Yuga4223–4224
Holocene calendar11123
Igbo calendar123–124
Iranian calendar501–502
Islamic calendar516–517
Japanese calendarHōan 4
Javanese calendar1028–1029
Julian calendar1123
Korean calendar3456
Minguo calendar789 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−345
Seleucid era1434/1435 AG
Thai solar calendar1665–1666
Tibetan calendar阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
1249 or 868 or 96
    — to —
(female Water-Rabbit)
1250 or 869 or 97

Events edit

By date edit

January–March edit

April–June edit

  • April 18 – King Baldwin II of Jerusalem is captured by Turkish forces under Belek Ghazi – while preparing to practice falconry near Gargar on the Euphrates. Most of the Crusader army is massacred, and Baldwin is taken to the castle at Kharput. To save the situation the Venetians are asked to help. Doge Domenico Michiel lifts the siege of Corfu (see 1122) and takes his fleet to Acre, arriving at the port in the end of May.[2]
  • May 9 – A fire in the city of Lincoln nearly destroys the Lincolnshire town; it is memorialized 600 years later by historian Paul de Rapin.[3]
  • May 29Battle of Yibneh: A Crusader army led by Eustace Grenier defeats the Fatimid forces (16,000 men) near Ibelin. Despite the numerical superiority, Vizier Al-Ma'mun al-Bata'ihi is forced to withdraw to Egypt while his camp is plundered by the Crusaders. Eustace returns to Jerusalem in triumph, but later dies on June 15.[4]
  • May 30 – The Venetian fleet arrives at Ascalon and instantly sets about attacking the Fatimid fleet. The Egyptians fall into a trap, caught between two Venetian squadrons, and are destroyed or captured. While sailing back to Acre, the Venetians capture a merchant-fleet of ten richly laden vessels.[5]
  • May – Baldwin II and Joscelin I are rescued by 50 Armenian soldiers (disguised as monks and merchants) at Kharput. They kill the guards, and infiltrate the castle where the prisoners are kept. Joscelin escapes to seek help. However, the castle is soon besieged by Turkish forces under Belek Ghazi – and is after some time recaptured. Baldwin and Waleran of Le Puiset are moved for greater safety to the castle of Harran.[6]
  • June – King David IV of Georgia, nicknamed "Davit IV Aghmashenebeli" ("David the Builder") by his subjects, defeats the Sultan Mahmud II of the Seljuk Empire (encompassing much of what is now Iraq and Iran).[7]

July–September edit

October–December edit

By place edit

Middle East edit

  • The Pactum Warmundi: A treaty of alliance, is established between the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Republic of Venice at Acre. The Venetians receive a street, with a church, baths and a bakery, free of all obligations, in every town of the kingdom. They are also excused of all tolls and taxes.[14]

Europe edit

By topic edit

Religion edit

Births edit

Deaths edit

References edit

  1. ^ "St Bartholomew's Hospital: Our history". Retrieved 2023-03-17.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 131. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  3. ^ "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p.72.
  4. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 133–134. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  5. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 134. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  6. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 132–133. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  7. ^ Lorenzo Pubblici, Mongol Caucasia: Invasions, Conquest, and Government of a Frontier Region in Thirteenth-Century Eurasia (1204–1295) (Brill, 2022) p.20
  8. ^ "Corbeil, William de (d. 1136), by Frank Barlow, in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004)
  9. ^ Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique: De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 56.
  10. ^ Johns, Jeremy (2002). Arabic administration in Norman Sicily: the royal dīwān. Cambridge University Press. p. 85. ISBN 0-521-81692-0.
  11. ^ Paul Fridolin Kehr, Italia pontificia, Vol. IX (Weidmann 1962) p.474
  12. ^ Bernard F. Reilly, The Kingdom of León-Castilla under Queen Urraca, 1109–1126 (Princeton University Press, 1982) p.176
  13. ^ Jonathan Lyon, (2007). "The Withdrawal of Aged Noblemen into Monastic Communities: Interpreting the Sources from Twelfth-Century Germany", in Old Age in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (De Gruyter, 2007) p.147
  14. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 135. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  15. ^ Fletcher, R. A. (1987). "Reconquest and Crusade in Spain c. 1050–1150". Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. 5. 37: 31–47 [43]. doi:10.2307/3679149. JSTOR 3679149.