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Maria of Hohenstaufen (3 April 1201 – 29 March 1235) was a member of the powerful Hohenstaufen dynasty of German kings which lasted from 1138 to 1254. She is also known to history as Marie of Swabia.

Maria of Hohenstaufen
Born3 April 1201
Arezzo, Tuscany, Italy
Died29 March 1235 (aged 33)
Leuven, Brabant
Noble familyHohenstaufen
Spouse(s)Henry II, Duke of Brabant and Lothier
FatherPhilip of Swabia
MotherIrene Angelina of Byzantium



Philip of Swabia and Irene Angelina of Byzantium, the parents of Maria of Hohenstaufen

Maria of Hohenstaufen was born in Arezzo, Tuscany, Italy on 3 April 1201. She was the second daughter of Philip of Swabia and Irene Angelina of Byzantium.[1] In 1208, at the age of seven, Maria was left an orphan by the unexpected deaths of her parents. On 21 June, her father was murdered by Otto of Wittelsbach, and two months later her mother died after giving birth to a daughter, who did not live beyond early infancy.

Marriage and issueEdit

Sometime before 22 August 1215, she married Henry II, heir to the Duchy of Brabant (present-day Belgium) and Lothier.[2] They had:


Maria of Hohenstaufen died on 29 March 1235 in Leuven, Brabant, five days before her thirty-fourth birthday. Less than six months later, her husband succeeded his father as Duke of Brabant and Lothier.

In 1241, Henry married his second wife, Sophie of Thuringia, the daughter of Ludwig IV of Thuringia and Elisabeth of Hungary. The marriage produced two children: Henry I, Landgrave of Hesse and Elizabeth of Brabant, who married Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Sophie was the only wife of Henry to be styled Duchess of Brabant and Lothier.



  1. ^ Baldwin 2014, p. 27.
  2. ^ a b c d e Dunbabin 2011, p. xiv.


  • Baldwin, Philip B. (2014). Pope Gregory X and the Crusades. The Boydell Press.
  • Dunbabin, Jean (2011). The French in the Kingdom of Sicily, 1266–1305. Cambridge University Press.