Year 1263 (MCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1263 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1263
MCCLXIII
Ab urbe condita2016
Armenian calendar712
ԹՎ ՉԺԲ
Assyrian calendar6013
Balinese saka calendar1184–1185
Bengali calendar670
Berber calendar2213
English Regnal year47 Hen. 3 – 48 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar1807
Burmese calendar625
Byzantine calendar6771–6772
Chinese calendar壬戌年 (Water Dog)
3959 or 3899
    — to —
癸亥年 (Water Pig)
3960 or 3900
Coptic calendar979–980
Discordian calendar2429
Ethiopian calendar1255–1256
Hebrew calendar5023–5024
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1319–1320
 - Shaka Samvat1184–1185
 - Kali Yuga4363–4364
Holocene calendar11263
Igbo calendar263–264
Iranian calendar641–642
Islamic calendar661–662
Japanese calendarKōchō 3
(弘長3年)
Javanese calendar1173–1174
Julian calendar1263
MCCLXIII
Korean calendar3596
Minguo calendar649 before ROC
民前649年
Nanakshahi calendar−205
Thai solar calendar1805–1806
Tibetan calendar阳水狗年
(male Water-Dog)
1389 or 1008 or 236
    — to —
阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
1390 or 1009 or 237
King Haakon IV (left) is succeeded by his son Magnus VI (the Law-mender)

EventsEdit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit

  • Summer – Emperor Michael VIII (Palaiologos) sends a Byzantine expeditionary force (some 3,500 men) led by his half-brother, Constantine Palaiologos, to the Peloponnese in southern Greece. The army is transported to Monemvasia on Genoese ships, while a small Byzantine fleet is sent to harass the Latin island holdings in Euboea and the Cyclades. After arriving at Monemvasia, Constantine lays siege to Lacedaemon (or Sparta), while the Byzantine fleet seizes the southern coast of Laconia.[1]
  • Battle of Prinitza: Constantine Palaiologos marches the Byzantine army up the rivers Eurotas and Alfeios towards the Achaean capital, Andravida. At a narrow pass at Prinitza (near Ancient Olympia) in Elis, the Byzantines are attacked by Achaean forces (some 300 horsemen) under John of Katavas, who inflict a resounding defeat upon them; many Byzantine soldiers are killed. Constantine himself barely escapes with his life, and flees with the remainder of his army to the safety of Mystras.[2][3]
  • Battle of Settepozzi: A Byzantine-Genoese fleet (some 50 galleys) is routed by the Venetians near Spetses in the Argolic Gulf, who capture four ships and inflict considerable casualties. Later, the Genoese that survive the battle managed to capture Chania on Crete. They receive orders to avoid direct confrontations with the Venetian fleet, but instead are engaged in raiding against the Venetian merchant convoys in the Euripus Strait.[4]

EuropeEdit

EnglandEdit

LevantEdit

  • April 4 – Egyptian forces led by Sultan Baibars (or Abu al-Futuh) attack Acre, there is severe fighting outside the walls, in which the seneschal, Geoffrey of Sergines, is badly wounded. Baibars is not yet ready to besiege the city and begins a major campaign to eliminate the Crusader kingdom of Jerusalem, the county of Tripoli and the principality of Antioch.[9][10]

By topicEdit

Arts and CultureEdit

EducationEdit

MarketsEdit

  • Edward (the Lord Edward), son and heir of King Henry III, seizes £10,000, which had been deposited to the trust of the Knights Templar in London, by foreign merchants and English magnates.[11]
  • The Bonsignori firm gains the full market of the transfer of fiscal revenue, from the papal estates to Rome.[12]

ReligionEdit

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bartusis, Mark C. (1997). The Late Byzantine Army: Arms and Society, 1204–1453, p. 49. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1620-2.
  2. ^ Bartusis, Mark C. (1977). The Late Byzantine Army: Arms and Society, 1204–1453, p. 50. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1620-2.
  3. ^ Longnon, Jean (1969). The Frankish States in Greece, 1204–1311, pp. 253–254. In Wolff, Robert Lee; Hazard, Harry W. (eds.). A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Later Crusades, 1189–1311, pp. 234–275. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0-299-06670-3.
  4. ^ Lane, Frederic Chapin (1973). Venice, A Maritime Republic, p. 77. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-1445-6.
  5. ^ Helle, Knut (1995). Under kirke og kongemakt: 1130-1350, p. 196. Aschehougs Norgeshistorie. Vol. 3. Aschehoug. ISBN 8203220312.
  6. ^ McDonald, Russell Andrew (1997). The Kingdom of the Isles: Scotland's Western Seaboard, c. 100–c. 1336, p. 115. Scottish Historical Monographs, Tuckwell Press. ISBN 1-898410-85-2.
  7. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
  8. ^ Willis-Bund, J W; Page, William, eds. (1924). "The city of Worcester: Introduction and borough". A History of the County of Worcester: Volume 4. London: British History Online, pp. 376–390. Retrieved: 20 May 2018.
  9. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 265. ISBN 978-0241-29877-0.
  10. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 145. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  11. ^ Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review. 8 (1). doi:10.2307/1832571. JSTOR 1832571.
  12. ^ Catoni, Giuliano. "BONSIGNORI". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. Retrieved December 20, 2011.