|1263 by topic|
|Political entities - State leaders - Religious leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1263 in poetry|
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Northern and eastern EuropeEdit
- July – Scottish–Norwegian War: Haakon IV of Norway sets sail to defend the Hebrides, against Alexander III of Scotland.
- October 2 – Battle of Largs: an inconclusive battle in the Scottish–Norwegian War fought in Scotland, between kings Haakon IV of Norway and Alexander III of Scotland.
- Mindaugas, the only Christian king of Lithuania, is assassinated by his cousin Treniota.
- The chieftains of the eastern part of Iceland become the last to pledge fealty to the King of Norway, bringing a more complete end to the Icelandic Commonwealth and the Age of the Sturlungs.
- Hulagu Khan is defeated in an attempted invasion, north of the Caucasus.
- Based on Magdeburg Law, Żnin (Poland) is given city rights.
- May–July – Battle of Settepozzi: A Venetian fleet defeats a superior Genoese-Byzantine fleet.
- King James I of Aragon conquers Crevillente, Spain from the Moors during the Reconquista.
- Alfonso X of Castile conquers Niebla from Ibn Mahfuz, thus terminating any Muslim presence in the western part of the peninsula.
- Genoa captures the city of Chania on Crete, from the Venetians.
Arts and cultureEdit
- Edward, heir to the throne of England, seizes £10,000, which had been deposited to the trust of the Knights Templar in London, by foreign merchants and English magnates.
- The Bonsignori firm gains the full market of the transfer of fiscal revenue, from the papal estates to Rome.
- Nahmanides, chief rabbi of Catalonia, defends the Talmud in an important disputation against Pablo Christiani, before King James I of Aragon.
- The doctrines of theologian Joachim of Fiore are condemned as heresy by the Roman Catholic Church, at a synod in Arles.
- March – Manuel I Megas Komnenos, Emperor of Trebizond
- March 19 – Hugh of Saint-Cher, French cardinal
- November 8 – Matilda of Béthune, French countess
- November 14 – Alexander Nevsky, Grand Prince of Novgorod and Vladimir
- December 16 – King Haakon IV of Norway (b. 1204)
- December 24 – Hōjō Tokiyori, regent of Japan (b. 1227)
- date unknown
- Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
- Ferris, Eleanor (1902). "The Financial Relations of the Knights Templars to the English Crown". American Historical Review. 8 (1).
- Catoni, Giuliano. "BONSIGNORI". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. Retrieved 20 December 2011.