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|Ab urbe condita||2045|
|Balinese saka calendar||1213–1214|
|English Regnal year||20 Edw. 1 – 21 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||辛卯年 (Metal Rabbit)|
3988 or 3928
— to —
壬辰年 (Water Dragon)
3989 or 3929
|- Vikram Samvat||1348–1349|
|- Shaka Samvat||1213–1214|
|- Kali Yuga||4392–4393|
|Japanese calendar||Shōō 5|
|Minguo calendar||620 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1834–1835|
1418 or 1037 or 265
— to —
1419 or 1038 or 266
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1292.|
- April 5 – The Papal election, 1292–94 begins.
- November – Michael II becomes Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch.
- November 17 (Julian calendar) – John Balliol is selected by King Edward I of England as King of Scotland, from among 13 competitors for the Crown of Scotland; Edward then treats John as a puppet ruler and Scotland as a vassal state, eventually provoking the Wars of Scottish Independence, commencing in 1296.
- King Mangrai the Great of Ngoenyang conquers and annexes the Mon kingdom of Hariphunchai, creating a political union in the form of the Lanna Kingdom.
- The Vaghela Dynasty in Gujarat is subjugated by the Deccan Yadava Dynasty of Daulatabad.
- The Mamluk sultan of Egypt, Al-Ashraf Khalil, invades the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.
- The Isfendiyarid Dynasty is founded in the Kastamonu Province.
- The Mongols land on Java, taking the capital, but it proves impossible to hold.
- The Taxatio Ecclesiastica, compiled in 1291–92, is completed under the order of Pope Nicholas IV.
- January 20 – Elizabeth of Bohemia, queen consort of Bohemia (d. 1330)
- January 29 – Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, polymath (d. 1350)
- October 3 – Eleanor de Clare, English noblewoman (d. 1337)
- date unknown – Henry Burghersh, English statesman and bishop (d. 1340)
- April 4 – Pope Nicholas IV, Italian pontiff (b. 1227)
- May/June – Kertanegara, Last King of Singhasari
- June 2 – Rhys ap Maredudd, Welsh nobleman and rebel leader
- June? – Roger Bacon, English philosopher and scientist (b. c.1220?)
- July 13 or July 16 – Jacobus de Voragine, Italian chronicler (b. 1230)
- October 25 – Robert Burnell, Lord Chancellor of England
- October/November – Marjorie of Carrick, 3rd Countess of Carrick (b. 1256)
- December 8 – John Peckham, Archbishop of Canterbury
- date unknown – Vakhtang II of Georgia
- approximate date