|Ab urbe condita||1979|
|Balinese saka calendar||1147–1148|
|English Regnal year||10 Hen. 3 – 11 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar||乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)|
3922 or 3862
— to —
丙戌年 (Fire Dog)
3923 or 3863
|- Vikram Samvat||1282–1283|
|- Shaka Samvat||1147–1148|
|- Kali Yuga||4326–4327|
|Japanese calendar||Karoku 2|
|Minguo calendar||686 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1768–1769|
1352 or 971 or 199
— to —
1353 or 972 or 200
- June – King Louis VIII (the Lion) leads a Crusade against the Carthars (Albigensians) and Raymond VII, count of Toulouse. The Crusaders capture the cities of Béziers, Carcassonne, Beaucaire and Marseille. Louis forces Languedoc into submission and reasserts his authority upon the autonomous municipalities of his estates. Most cities have to accept the authority of Ramon Berenguer IV, count of Provence, but Marseille and Nice rebel.
- Siege of Avignon: Crusader forces under Louis VIII besiege Avignon. They dig trenches facing the city walls – which are connected on both sides of the Rhône with pontoon bridges. On August 8, Louis launches an assault led by Count Guy II of Saint-Pol, but the attackers are repulsed. After negotiations, the consuls agree to pay an indemnity of 6,000 marks. On September 9, the gates are opened and Louis enters the city without violence.
- November 8 – Louis VIII dies of dysentery at Château de Montpensier during his return from the Albigensian Crusade. He is succeeded by his 12-year-old son Louis IX (the Saint), who becomes king of France. His mother, Queen Blanche of Castile, rules the kingdom as regent during his minority. She has Louis crowned at Reims Cathedral on November 29, and forces the rebellious southern French nobles to swear allegiance to him.
- The Teutonic Knights undertake a new Crusade, attempting to subdue the pagan Prussians, who occupy a part of the Baltic coast. They are invited to Poland by High Duke Konrad I, a grandson of Bolesław III (Wrymouth). Their task is to defend Masovia against raids of the Prussians, after defeating them, the German knights set up their one state, which they named after the pagan people they have all but annihilated – Prussia.
- King Sancho II (the Pious) launches a offensive against the Almohad Caliphate during the Reconquista, and takes the city of Elvas.
- Rǫgnvaldr Guðrøðarson is overthrown as ruler of the Kingdom of the Isles, and is replaced by his half-brother, Olaf the Black.
- Summer – Genghis Khan starts a campaign against the Tanguts, punishing the vassal kingdom of Western Xia (or Xi Xia) for not contributing to the Mongol invasions. He assembles a large force (some 100,000 men), and lays siege to Liangzhou, second-largest city in Western Xia, which surrenders without resistance. In the autumn, Genghis crosses the Helan Mountains, and in November he lays siege to Lingwu. Meanwhile, Emperor Xian Zong dies and is succeeded by his nephew Mo (or Li Xian).
- March 9 – Khwarezmian forces under Sultan Jalal al-Din Mangburni capture Tbilisi, capital of the Kingdom of Georgia, killing many of its Christian inhabitants.
- October 30 – Trần Thủ Độ, head of the Trần Dynasty of Vietnam, forces Lý Huệ Tông, last emperor of the Lý Dynasty, to commit suicide.
Art and CultureEdit
- Brother Robert writes the Old Norse Saga Af Tristram ok Ísodd, one of the rare fully surviving versions of the legend of Tristan and Iseult.
- March 26 – Emperor Frederick II issues the Golden Bull of Rimini, in which he grants Teutonic Knights the right to all of the lands they will get during the mission in Prussia; he also considers himself a senior of the Teutonic Order and Poland, as well as the universal ruler of Christian Europe.
- September 11 – The Catholic Church practice of eucharistic adoration among lay people formally begins in Avignon, Provence.
- The Carmelite Order is approved by Pope Honorius III in the bull Ut vivendi normam.
- April 16 – Mugaku Sogen, Chinese monk and adviser (d. 1286)
- June 21 – Bolesłaus V (the Chaste), Polish nobleman (d. 1279)
- November 2 – Isabella de Clare, English noblewoman (d. 1264)
- Angelo da Foligno (or Conti), Italian cleric and priest (d. 1312)
- Ata-Malik Juvayni, Persian governor and historian (d. 1283)
- Bai Renfu (or Bai Pu), Chinese poet and playwright (d. 1306)
- Bar Hebraeus, Syrian scholar, historian and bishop (d. 1286)
- Blanche of Navarre (or Champagne), duchess of Brittany (d. 1283)
- Charles I, French nobleman and son of Louis VIII (d. 1285)
- Dietrich VI, German nobleman and knight (d. 1275)
- Gertrude of Austria, Austrian noblewoman (d. 1288)
- Herman VI, German nobleman and knight (d. 1250)
- Maria of Brabant, German noblewoman (d. 1256)
- Ulrich I (the Founder), German nobleman (d. 1265)
- March 7 – William Longespée, English nobleman and knight (b. 1176)
- May 2 – Amaury I de Craon, French nobleman and knight (b. 1170)
- May 10 – Beatrice d'Este, Italian Benedictine nun and saint (b. 1192)
- June 5 – Henry Borwin II (or Burwy), German nobleman (b. 1170)
- July 2 – Waleran III (or Walram), duke of Limburg (b. 1165)
- July 11 – Al-Zahir, caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate (b. 1175)
- August 8 – Guy II of Saint Pol, French nobleman and knight
- September 9 – Rudolf von Güttingen, Swiss abbot and bishop
- September 16 – Pandulf Verraccio, Italian bishop and politician
- October 3 – Francis of Assisi, founder of the Franciscan Order
- October 7 – Louis IV (the Young), French nobleman (b. 1173)
- October 22 – Renaud II (or de Forez), French archbishop
- November 8 – Louis VIII (the Lion), king of France (b. 1187)
- November 15 – Frederick of Isenberg, German nobleman
- December 18 – Benedict of Sausetun, bishop of Rochester
- Aed mac Donn Ó Sochlachain, Irish musician and writer
- Bernart Arnaut d'Armagnac (or Arnaud), French troubadour
- Eleanor of Aragon, Spanish princess and countess (b. 1182)
- Falkes de Bréauté, Norman nobleman and High Sheriff
- Joseph ben Judah of Ceuta, Spanish physician and poet
- Roger de Montbegon, English nobleman and landowner
- Shen Zong, Chinese emperor of Western Xia (b. 1163)
- William Brewer, English nobleman and High Sheriff
- Xian Zong, Chinese emperor of Western Xia (b. 1181)
- Dell'Umbria, Alèssi (2006). Histoire universelle de Marseille. De l'an mil à l'an deux mille. Marseille: Agone. p. 19. ISBN 2-7489-0061-8.
- Strayer, Joseph R. (1992). The Albigensian Crusades, pp. 133–134. London, England: Faber. ISBN 0-571-11064-9.
- Brezinski, Richard (1998). History of Poland: Old Poland – The Piast Dynasty, pp. 22–23. ISBN 83-7212-019-6.
- Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
- Man, John (2004). Genghis Khan: Life, Death and Resurrection, p. 214. ISBN 978-0-312-36624-7.
- Tristan et Iseult. Paris: Gallimard. 1995. ISBN 2-07-011335-3.
- Helen Sullivan (December 21, 2020). "How to watch the Jupiter and Saturn 'great conjunction' on winter solstice". The Guardian.
- Czapliński, Marek; Maroń, Jerzy (1997). Historia w datach. Warszawa: Oficyna Wydawnicza "Rytm". p. 89. ISBN 83-86678-26-7.
- "Saint Francis of Assisi | Biography, Facts, Feast Day, Patron Saint Of, & Legacy". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved September 11, 2021.