Lingwu (simplified Chinese: 灵武; traditional Chinese: 靈武; pinyin: Língwǔ Shì) is a county-level city of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Southwest China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yinchuan. It is the most important industrial city of Ningxia.[citation needed] Lingwu spans an area of 3,846 square kilometres (1,485 sq mi),[1] and according to the 2010 Chinese Census, Lingwu has a population of 261,677.[2]

Lingwu

灵武市 · لٍ ءُ شِ
Taizi Great Mosque
Lingwu is located in Ningxia
Lingwu
Lingwu
Location in Ningxia
Coordinates: 38°06′11″N 106°20′24″E / 38.103°N 106.340°E / 38.103; 106.340Coordinates: 38°06′11″N 106°20′24″E / 38.103°N 106.340°E / 38.103; 106.340
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionNingxia
Prefecture-level cityYinchuan
Area
 • Total3,846 km2 (1,485 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 Census)
 • Total261,677
 • Density68/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

ToponymyEdit

Lingwu was historically known as Lingzhou (simplified Chinese: 灵州; traditional Chinese: 靈州; pinyin: Lingzhou).[3]

HistoryEdit

During the Warring States period, the area was absorbed into the Qin dynasty under Beidi Commandery [zh].[2] The area was first incorporated into the Han dynasty in 191 BCE by Emperor Hui.[2][3] In 437 CE, under the Northern Wei, the area was incorporated as Bogulu Town [zh].[2] In 526 CE, Bogulu Town was renamed as Lingzhou.[2] In 756 CE, during the Tang Dynasty, Emperor Suzong fled to Lingzhou during the Anshi Rebellion,[2] where he ascended the throne with the aid of loyal bureaucrats and military supporters, only notifying his father Xuanzong after the fact.[citation needed] Lingzhou became part of the Western Xia in 1038.[2] It was besieged by Genghis Khan in November 1226.[citation needed]

On May 20, 1996, Lingwu was upgraded from a county to a county-level city.[2] On October 25, 2002, Lingwu was transferred from the prefecture-level city of Wuzhong to Yinchuan.[2]

GeographyEdit

The western border of Lingwu is formed by the Yellow River.[1]

ClimateEdit

Lingwu's climate is arid, with little precipitation and high levels of sunshine.[1]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Lingwu administers one subdistrict, six towns, two townships, and one other township-level division.[4]

SubdistrictsEdit

The city's sole subdistrict is Chengqu Subdistrict [zh].[4]

TownsEdit

The city's six towns are Dongta [zh], Haojiaqiao [zh], Chongxing [zh], Ningdong [zh], Majiatan [zh], and Linhe.[4]

TownshipsEdit

The city's two townships are Wutongshu Township [zh] and Baitugang Township [zh].[4]

Other township-level divisionsEdit

The city also administers the township-level division of Lingwu Farm [zh].[4]

DemographicsEdit

Lingwu's population was reported as 261,677 in the 2010 Chinese Census.[2] In the 2000 Chinese Census, the city's population was 249,890.[2]

EconomyEdit

The city has significant coal, natural gas, and petroleum reserves.[3] Lingwu has a proven coal reserve of 27.3 billion tons.[3]

Lingwu also has a significant agricultural sector, with rice, wheat, corn, and jujubes all being grown in the city.[3] The city is well-known for its "Lingwu long jujube" (Chinese: 灵武长枣).[3] This fruit has proven to be one of Ningxia's most popular agricultural products, producing an income of over 10 million yuan per year.[5]

Notable sitesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f 灵武市概况地图 [Lingwu Overview]. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 2016-07-19. Archived from the original on 2021-03-31. Retrieved 2021-03-31.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k 灵武市历史沿革 [Lingwu Organizational History]. xzqh.org (in Chinese). 2016-07-19. Archived from the original on 2020-09-28. Retrieved 2021-03-31.
  3. ^ a b c d e f 灵武概况 [Lingwu Overview] (in Chinese). Lingwu Municipal People's Government. 2021-01-05. Archived from the original on 2021-03-31. Retrieved 2021-03-31.
  4. ^ a b c d e 2020年统计用区划代码 [2020 Statistical Division Codes] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2020. Archived from the original on 2021-03-31. Retrieved 2021-03-31.
  5. ^ Liu, Chengjun; Tang, Yi (2006-09-25). 灵武长枣正向规模化、标准化和产业化方向发展 [Lingwu long jujube is developing towards scale, standardization and industrialization] (in Chinese). Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 2012-11-27. Retrieved 2021-03-31.

External linksEdit