Year 1279 A.D (MCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1279 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1279
Ab urbe condita2032
Armenian calendar728
Assyrian calendar6029
Balinese saka calendar1200–1201
Bengali calendar686
Berber calendar2229
English Regnal yearEdw. 1 – 8 Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar1823
Burmese calendar641
Byzantine calendar6787–6788
Chinese calendar戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
3975 or 3915
    — to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
3976 or 3916
Coptic calendar995–996
Discordian calendar2445
Ethiopian calendar1271–1272
Hebrew calendar5039–5040
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1335–1336
 - Shaka Samvat1200–1201
 - Kali Yuga4379–4380
Holocene calendar11279
Igbo calendar279–280
Iranian calendar657–658
Islamic calendar677–678
Japanese calendarKōan 2
Javanese calendar1189–1190
Julian calendar1279
Korean calendar3612
Minguo calendar633 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−189
Thai solar calendar1821–1822
Tibetan calendar阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
1405 or 1024 or 252
    — to —
(female Earth-Rabbit)
1406 or 1025 or 253
Mongol invasion of the Song Dynasty in Northern and Southern China (1234–79)
Portrait of Kublai Khan (1215–1294)


By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit

  • July 17Battle of Devina: Emperor Michael VIII (Palaiologos) sends a Byzantine expeditionary force (some 10,000 men) to Bulgaria, to impose his ally (and son-in-law) Ivan Asen III on the throne. Tsar Ivaylo, former rebel leader (see Uprising of Ivaylo), attacks the Byzantines in the Kotel Pass, who are completely routed. Many of them perish in the battle – while the rest are captured and later killed by orders from Ivaylo. Later, Michael sends another army of some 5,000 men, but this is also defeated by Ivaylo before reaching the Balkan Mountains. Without support, Ivan Asen has to flee to Constantinople and the turmoil in Bulgaria continues.




  • Spring – Mamluk forces led by the 19-year-old Sultan Al-Said Barakah and Qalawun ("the Thousander") invade Cilician Armenia; a revolt in Egypt while they are away force Barakah to abdicate. In August, Qalawun takes over the government in Cairo and proclaims himself sultan. He sends Solamish, youngest son of former Sultan Baibars, into exile. Meanwhile, Sunqur al-Ashqar, Mamluk viceroy of Damascus, refuses to accept Qalawun's authority and begins a rebellion in Syria.[5]



By topicEdit

Cities and TownsEdit





  1. ^ Urban, William (1994). The Baltic Crusade, pp. 283–286. Chicago, Illinois: Lithuanian Research and Studies Center. ISBN 0-929700-10-4.
  2. ^ Joseph F. O'Callaghan (2011). The Gibraltar Crusade: Castile and the Battle for the Strait, pp. 77–78. ISBN 978-0-8122-2302-6.
  3. ^ Joseph F. O'Callaghan (2011). The Gibraltar Crusade: Castile and the Battle for the Strait, p. 78. ISBN 978-0-8122-2302-6.
  4. ^ "Records of the Royal Mint". The National Archive. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
  5. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 324. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  6. ^ Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p. 160. ISBN 978-2-7071-5231-2.
  7. ^ Douglas Richardson, Kimball G. Everingham, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, page 192