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|Ab urbe condita||2068|
|Balinese saka calendar||1236–1237|
|English Regnal year||8 Edw. 2 – 9 Edw. 2|
|Chinese calendar||甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)|
4011 or 3951
— to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
4012 or 3952
|- Vikram Samvat||1371–1372|
|- Shaka Samvat||1236–1237|
|- Kali Yuga||4415–4416|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 4|
|Minguo calendar||597 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1857–1858|
1441 or 1060 or 288
— to —
1442 or 1061 or 289
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1315.|
- May 9 – Eudes IV succeeds Hugh V as Duke of Burgundy.
- August – Louis X is crowned King of France at Reims.
- August 13 – Louis X of France marries Clemence d'Anjou.
- August 29 – Battle of Montecatini: Pisa defeats the forces of Florence and Naples.
- September – Battle of Moiry Pass (Bruce campaign in Ireland): Edward Bruce (brother of the King of Scotland), with a Scots-Irish army, defeats a garrison of Hiberno-Norman troops of the Lordship of Ireland at Armagh, as part of his attempt to revive the High Kingship of Ireland.
- October 25 – Banastre Rebellion: Adam Banastre, Henry de Lea and William Bradshaw attack Liverpool Castle.
- November 15 – Battle of Morgarten: The Swiss defeat Leopold of Austria on the shore of the Ägerisee, ensuring independence for the Swiss Confederation.
- Louis X of France abolishes slavery within the Kingdom of France.
- Hōjō Mototoki becomes Kamakura shōgun of Japan.
- John XIII Glykys becomes Patriarch of Constantinople.
- Flushing, Netherlands is granted city rights.
- Witzlaw III, prince of Rügen, builds Hejehdbhdd castle at Barth.
- Emir Ismael Abu-I-Walid orders the Jews of Granada to don the yellow badge.
- Dassel, Germany is granted city rights.
- The Kos Fortress is erected by the Knights Hospitallers in Greece.
- The Arsenian schism ends.
- History of Sudan (Coming of Islam to the Turkiyah): A Muslim prince of Nubian royal blood ascends the throne of Dongola as king.
- Estimation: Cairo, capital of Mamluk Egypt becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Hangzhou in Mongolian China.
- The Borough of Liverpool, along with Liverpool Castle, is granted to Robert de Holland.
- The Great Famine of 1315–1317 begins.
- February or March – Margaret of Villehardouin, Lady of Akova (b. 1266)
- March 10 – Agnes Blannbekin, Austrian Beguine mystic
- May 9 – Hugh V, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1282)
- June 29 – Ramon Llull, Spanish philosopher (b. 1235)
- August 12 – Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick, English nobleman
- August 15 or April 30 – Margaret of Burgundy, Queen of France (b. 1290)
- August 29