Year 1325 (MCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Militias of the Guelphs and Ghibellines factions fight in the comune of Bologna.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
1325 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1325
Ab urbe condita2078
Armenian calendar774
Assyrian calendar6075
Balinese saka calendar1246–1247
Bengali calendar732
Berber calendar2275
English Regnal year18 Edw. 2 – 19 Edw. 2
Buddhist calendar1869
Burmese calendar687
Byzantine calendar6833–6834
Chinese calendar甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4022 or 3815
    — to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
4023 or 3816
Coptic calendar1041–1042
Discordian calendar2491
Ethiopian calendar1317–1318
Hebrew calendar5085–5086
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1381–1382
 - Shaka Samvat1246–1247
 - Kali Yuga4425–4426
Holocene calendar11325
Igbo calendar325–326
Iranian calendar703–704
Islamic calendar725–726
Japanese calendarShōchū 2
Javanese calendar1236–1237
Julian calendar1325
Korean calendar3658
Minguo calendar587 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−143
Thai solar calendar1867–1868
Tibetan calendar阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
1451 or 1070 or 298
    — to —
(female Wood-Ox)
1452 or 1071 or 299

Events edit

January – March edit

April – June edit

July – September edit

October – December edit

  • October 10 – King Edward II calls for representatives of the three estates (including the knights representative) to meet at Westminster for a session of the English Parliament, beginning on November 18 to discuss the matter of the failure of his wife, Queen Isabella, to return from France.[15]
  • October 18 – King Edward II sends a letter to Pope John XXII (who is in Avignon in France), expressing deep concern for Queen Isabella's failure to return home from Paris.[16]
  • November 15War of the Bucket: At the Battle of Zappolino in northern Italy, the 7,000-man Ghibelline forces backed by the Holy Roman Empire defeat the much stronger (32,000-men) Guelph army under sent by Pope John XXII near Bologna. After the battle, Ghibelline influence in the region is consolidated.[17][18]
  • November 21Yuri III Danilovich, Grand Duke of Moscow, is assassinated by Dmitry of Tver, Grand Duke of Vladimir, nicknamed "the Terrible Eyes". Yuri's younger brother, Iván I Danilovich Kalitá, the Grand Duke of Vladimir, inherits Yuri's throne and relocates the spiritual capital of the Russian people to Moscow by directing the Metropolitan Peter to move his episcopal see from Kiev. The decision of both Ivan and Peter to relocate gradually makes Moscow the political center of Russia.
  • December 1 – King Edward II of England makes one final attempt to save his marriage to Queen Isabella, and sends her a letter ordering her to return from France to England immediately, writing that "Oftentimes have we informed you, both before an after the homage, of our great desire to have you with us, and of our grief of heart at your long absence," and adds that he is aware of her affair with Roger Mortimer and that "ceasing from all pretenses, delays and excuses, you come to us with all the haste you can."[19] She declines to come back.
  • December 16Charles, Count of Valois, uncle of King Charles IV of France and heir apparent to the throne, dies at the age of 55 at Nogent-le-Roi, leaving his son Philip as heir to the throne.

Births edit

Deaths edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b Joseph F. O'Callaghan (2013). A History of Medieval Spain, p. 149, 456-458. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-6871-1.
  2. ^ Hywel Williams (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 158. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  3. ^ "Edmund of Woodstock, Earl of Kent (1301–1330): a study of personal loyalty", in Fourteenth Century England, Volume VI (Boydell & Brewer, 2010) p.35
  4. ^ Kathryn Warner, Hugh Despenser the Younger and Edward II: Downfall of a King's Favourite (Pen & Sword Books, 2018)
  5. ^ a b "Fraticelli", by Michael Bihl, in The Catholic Encyclopedia online,
  6. ^ "Heinrich II., der Löwe, Fürst von Mecklenburg", by Ludwig Fromm, in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (Duncker & Humblot, 1880) pp. 541–542
  7. ^ "Eberhard der Erlauchte", by Paul Friedrich von Stälin, in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, vol. 5 (Duncker & Humblot, 1877) pp.554–555
  8. ^ Dunn, Ross E. (2005). The Adventures of Ibn Battuta, p. 30. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-24385-9.
  9. ^ O'Callaghan, Joseph F. (2011). The Gibraltar Crusade: Castile and the Battle for the Strait, p. 149. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-0463-6.
  10. ^ Nicolle, David (2012). Osprey: European Medieval Tactics (2): New Infantry, New Weapons 1260–1500, p. 23. ISBN 978-1849087391.
  11. ^ Juan Torres Fontes, "Evolución del Concejo de Murcia en la Edad Media", Murgetana (1987) pp. 21–22
  12. ^ Tuck, Anthony (1985). Crown and Nobility 1272–1461: Political Conflict in Late Medieval England, p. 88. London: Fontana. ISBN 0-00-686084-2.
  13. ^ Prestwich, Michael C. (1980). The Three Edwards: War and State in England 1272–1377, p. 216. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-77730-0.
  14. ^ Mortimer, Ian (2006). The Perfect King: The Life of Edward III, Father of the English Nation, p. 46. London: Jonathan Cape. ISBN 0-224-07301-X.
  15. ^ William Stubbs, The Constitutional History of England, in Its Origin and Development (Clarendon Press, 1875) p.358
  16. ^ Paul Doherty, Isabella and the Strange Death of Edward II (Little, Brown Book Group, 2013)
  17. ^ Christopher Kleinhenz (2004). Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia Routledge Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages, p. 507. Routledge. ISBN 1135948801.
  18. ^ James D. Tracy (2002). Emperor Charles V, Impresario of War: Campaign Strategy, International Finance and Domestic Politics, p. 39. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521814316.
  19. ^ Agnes Strickland, Lives of the Queens of England: From the Norman Conquest (George Bell and Sons, 1882) pp.96-97
  20. ^ Gunn, Geoffrey C. (2018). Overcoming Ptolemy: The Revelation of an Asian World Region, p. 67. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1-4985-9014-3.
  21. ^ Robert, Sebastian (2020). Die Königin im Zentrum der Macht. Reginale Herrschaft in der Krone Aragón am Beispiel Eleonores von Sizilien (1349–1375). Berlin: de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-064081-6.
  22. ^ Walther Möller. Stammtafeln westdeutscher Adelsgeschlechter im Mittelalter, p. 14. Volume 1. (Darmstadt, 1922, reprint Verlag Degener & Co, 1995).
  23. ^ Douglas L. Wheeler; Walter C. Opello (2010). Historical dictionary of Portugal (3rd ed.), p. 78. Lanham, Md; Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-08108-7075-8.
  24. ^ Casteen, Elizabeth (2015). From She-Wolf to Martyr: The Reign and Disputed Reputation of Johanna I of Naples, p. 203. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-5386-1.
  25. ^ Gorski, Richard (2012). Roles of the Sea in Medieval England, p. 84. Boydell Press. ISBN 9781843837015.
  26. ^ Schimmel, Annemarie (1975). Mystical Dimensions of Islam, p. 348. University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-1271-4.
  27. ^ Howard de Walden, Thomas (1904). Some Feudal Lords and their Seals, pp. 9–10. London: de Walden Library.
  28. ^ Han Young Woo (2010). Ancient Goryeo Era: A Review of Korean History, p. 370. Volume 1. Kyongsaewon Publishing Company. ISBN 978-89-8341-091-7.
  29. ^ Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology, p. 86 (Third revised ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  30. ^ O'Callaghan, Joseph F. (2013). A History of Medieval Spain, p. 456. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-6872-8.
  31. ^ Nicolas, N. Harris (1829). A Roll of Arms of the Reign of Edward the Second, p. 115. London (retrieved 6 June 2014).
  32. ^ Heine, Steven (2008). Zen Skin, Zen Marrow: Will the Real Zen Buddhism Please Stand Up?, p. 88. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-532677-2.
  33. ^ Lewis, P. S. (1965). "War, Propaganda and Historiography in Fifteenth-Century France and England", Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, p. 20. Cambridge University Press.
  34. ^ Topping, Peter (1975). "The Morea, 1311–1364" In Setton, Kenneth M.; Hazard, Harry W. (eds.). A History of the Crusades, Volume III: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries, p. 109. ISBN 0-299-06670-3.
  35. ^ Madelung, Wilferd (1988). "Baduspanids". Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition. Volume III, Fasc. 4, pp. 385–391. New York.
  36. ^ Fine, John van Antwerp Jr. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest, p. 262. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5.
  37. ^ Richard Barber (2002). The Companion Guide to Gascony and the Dordogne, p. 148.
  38. ^ S. J. Payling (2004). "Willoughby, Sir Richard (c. 1290–1362)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online edition, accessed 20 November 2021.
  39. ^ Dowden, John (1912). The Bishops of Scotland, p. 214. ed. J. Maitland Thomson.