John Salmon (bishop)

John Salmon (died 1325) was a medieval Bishop of Norwich.

John Salmon
Bishop of Norwich
ProvinceCanterbury
AppointedJune 1298
Term ended6 July 1325
PredecessorRalph Walpole
SuccessorRobert Baldock
Other postsLord Chancellor
Orders
Consecration15 November 1299
Personal details
Died6 July 1325
Folkestone
BuriedNorwich Cathedral
NationalityEnglish
DenominationRoman Catholic Church
ParentsSalomon & Alice
Previous postBishop-elect of Ely

LifeEdit

Salmon's family was hereditary goldsmiths to the diocese of Ely. His parents were Salomon and Alice, and he was the eldest of three brothers. He entered the Benedictine priory of Ely sometime before 1291.[1] He was subprior of Ely Cathedral before his election to be Prior of Ely in 1292.[2]

Salmon was elected to the see of Ely in 1298[3] but King Edward I of England objected, wanting the monks to elect his chancellor John Langton instead.[1] Each side appealed to Rome, and both elections were quashed by Pope Boniface VIII on 5 June 1299.[1][3] As a consolation, he was provided to the see of Norwich between 5 and 18 June 1299[1][4] as he was still prior on 5 June.[5] He was consecrated on 15 November 1299.[4]

In 1307 Salmon helped arrange the marriage of the new king, Edward II, and in 1309 he was sent by the king to Rome to obtain the return from exile of Piers Gaveston.[1] On 20 March 1311 he was elected one of the Lords Ordainers to help King Edward II govern.[6] Over the next few years he was often in the king's service, being sent on diplomatic missions and negotiating with the earl of Lancaster for the king.[1]

Salmon occupied the office of Lord Chancellor of England from 1320 to 1323.[7] He accompanied the king on his travels, and helped negotiate with France and Scotland. He resigned the office in 1323 due to ill health, but continued to work on the king's behalf.[1]

Salmon died on 6 July 1325[4] at Folkestone while returning from a diplomatic mission in France. He was buried in Norwich Cathedral.[1]

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Buck "Salmon, John" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Ely: Priors
  3. ^ a b Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Ely: Bishops Archived 14 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 261
  5. ^ Greenway British History Online Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Norwich: Bishops Archived 14 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Powell and Wallis House of Lords p. 275 and footnote 78
  7. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 86

ReferencesEdit

  • Buck, M. C. (2004). "Salmon, John (d. 1325)" ((subscription or UK public library membership required)). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (January 2008 revised ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24553. Retrieved 4 April 2008.
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  • Greenway, Diana E. (1971). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Ely: Bishops. Institute of Historical Research. Archived from the original on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2007.
  • Greenway, Diana E. (1971). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Ely: Priors. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 29 October 2007.
  • Greenway, Diana E. (1971). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Norwich: Bishops. Institute of Historical Research. Archived from the original on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2007.
  • Powell, J. Enoch; Wallis, Keith (1968). The House of Lords in the Middle Ages: A History of the English House of Lords to 1540. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. OCLC 463626.
Political offices
Preceded by
John Hotham
Lord Chancellor
1320–1323
Succeeded by
Robert Baldock
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
William of Louth
as consecrated bishop
— DISPUTED —
Bishop-elect of Ely
1298–1299
Disputed by John Langton
Succeeded by
Ralph Walpole
as consecrated bishop
Preceded by
Ralph Walpole
Bishop of Norwich
1299–1325
Succeeded by
Robert Baldock