Rupert II, Elector Palatine

Rupert II, Count Palatine of the Rhine (German: Ruprecht II., der Harte (der Ernste)) (12 May 1325, Amberg – 6 January 1398, Amberg). He was the Elector Palatine of the Rhine from the house of Wittelsbach in 1390–1398.

Rupert II
Rupert with his wife Beatrice
Elector Palatine
Reign16 February 1390 – 6 January 1398
PredecessorRupert I
SuccessorRupert III
Born12 May 1325
Died6 January 1398(1398-01-06) (aged 72)
Cistercian monastery in Heidelberg
SpouseBeatrix of Sicily
IssueRupert, King of the Romans
FatherAdolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine
MotherIrmengard of Oettingen

Life edit

Rupert was the elder son of Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine and Countess Irmengard of Oettingen.[1] On 13 February 1338 the Palatinate was divided between Rupert II and his uncle Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria.[citation needed] After the death of his other uncle, the Elector Rupert I (who had succeeded Rudolf II), on 16 February 1390 he was proclaimed Elector Palatine with the consent of Wenceslaus, King of the Romans. In 1391 he banished Jews and prostitutes from the Palatinate, confiscated their property, and bequeathed it to the Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg. In 1395 he promulgated the so-called Rupertinische Konstitution which was intended to provide for unity of the Palatinate.[2] Among other provisions, he incorporated to his realm the former Imperial Free City Neckargemünd.

He was buried in Schönau Abbey a Cistercian monastery in Heidelberg.

Family and children edit

Rupert was married in 1345 to Beatrice,[1] daughter of King Peter II of Sicily. They had:

  1. Anna (1346 – 30 November 1415), married in 1363 to William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg.
  2. Friedrich (1347 – c. 1395).
  3. Johann (1349 – c. 1395).
  4. Mechthild (born 1350), married to Landgrave Sigost of Leuchtenberg.
  5. Elisabeth (c. 1351 – 1360).
  6. King Rupert of Germany (1352 – 1410), married Elisabeth of Nuremberg[1]
  7. Adolf (1355 – 1 May 1358).

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Thomas 2010, p. 387.
  2. ^ Junginger 2017, p. 43.

Sources edit

  • Junginger, Horst (2017). The Scientification of the "Jewish Question" in Nazi Germany. Brill.
  • Thomas, Andrew L. (2010). A House Divided: Wittelsbach Confessional Court Cultures in the Holy Roman Empire, c. 1550-1650. Brill.
Rupert II, Elector Palatine
Born: 12 May 1325 Died: 6 January 1398
Regnal titles
Preceded by Elector Palatine
Succeeded by