Year 1277 (MCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1277 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1277
Ab urbe condita2030
Armenian calendar726
Assyrian calendar6027
Balinese saka calendar1198–1199
Bengali calendar684
Berber calendar2227
English Regnal yearEdw. 1 – 6 Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar1821
Burmese calendar639
Byzantine calendar6785–6786
Chinese calendar丙子年 (Fire Rat)
3973 or 3913
    — to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
3974 or 3914
Coptic calendar993–994
Discordian calendar2443
Ethiopian calendar1269–1270
Hebrew calendar5037–5038
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1333–1334
 - Shaka Samvat1198–1199
 - Kali Yuga4377–4378
Holocene calendar11277
Igbo calendar277–278
Iranian calendar655–656
Islamic calendar675–676
Japanese calendarKenji 3
Javanese calendar1187–1188
Julian calendar1277
Korean calendar3610
Minguo calendar635 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−191
Thai solar calendar1819–1820
Tibetan calendar阳火鼠年
(male Fire-Rat)
1403 or 1022 or 250
    — to —
(female Fire-Ox)
1404 or 1023 or 251
Pope Nicholas III (middle) offering the church to Christ (fresco 13th century).


By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit

  • March 19Byzantine–Venetian Treaty: Emperor Michael VIII (Palaiologos) concludes an agreement with the Republic of Venice. Stipulating a two-year truce, and renewing Venetian commercial privileges in the Byzantine Empire. Michael keeps the Venetians and their fleet from participating in the attempts of Charles I, king of Sicily, to organize an anti-Byzantine crusade, while the Venetians can retain their access to the Byzantine market.[1]
  • Battle of Pharsalus: Michael VIII (Palaiologos) sends a Byzantine expeditionary army under John Synadenos to invade Thessaly. The Byzantines are ambushed and defeated by Greek forces under John I (Doukas), Latin ruler of Thessaly, near Pharsalus (or Old Pharsalus). During the battle, Synadenos is captured and Michael Kaballarios, commander of the Latin mercenaries, dies shortly afterward of his wounds.[2]
  • Summer – Uprising of Ivaylo: A uprising under Ivaylo breaks out in northeastern Bulgaria against Emperor Constantine I Tikh to cope with the constant Mongol invasions which devastated the country for years. He confronts and defeats the plundering Mongols, and by autumn all Mongols are driven out of Bulgarian territory. In return, Constantine gathers a small army and tries unsuccessfully to suppress the revolt.





By topicEdit





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  2. ^ Geanakoplos, Deno John (1959). Emperor Michael Palaeologus and the West, 1258–1282: A Study in Byzantine-Latin Relations, p. 297. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. OCLC 101176343.
  3. ^ Hywel Williams (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 148. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  4. ^ Runciman, Steven (1958). The Sicilian Vespers: A History of the Mediterranean World in the Later Thirteenth Century, p. 173. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-60474-2.
  5. ^ Lock, Peter (2013). The Routledge Companion to the Crusaders. Routledge. p. 119. ISBN 9781135131371.
  6. ^ Joseph F. O'Callaghan (2011). The Gibraltar Crusade: Castile and the battle for the Strait, p. 73. ISBN 978-0-8122-2302-6.
  7. ^ Wilkinson, Alf (2016). Health and the People. Hodder Education. p. 19. ISBN 9781471864216.
  8. ^ Amitai-Preiss, Reuven (1995). Mongols and Mamluks: The Mamluk-Illkhanid War, 1260–1281, p. 174. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 978-0-521-46226-6.
  9. ^ Than Tun (1964). Studies in Burmese History (in Burmese). Vol 1. Yangon: Maha Dagon. pp. 136–137.
  10. ^ Minahan, James B. (2014). Ethnic Groups of North, East, and Central Asia: An Encyclopedia, p. 169. ISBN 978-1-61069-017-1.
  11. ^ Duhem, Pierre (1913). "History of Physics". In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  12. ^ Geanakoplos, Deno John (1959). Emperor Michael Palaeologus and the West, 1258–1282: A Study in Byzantine-Latin Relations, p. 276. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. OCLC 101176343.
  13. ^ Markó, László (2006). A magyar állam főméltóságai Szent Istvántól napjainkig: Életrajzi Lexikon [Great Officers of State in Hungary from King Saint Stephen to Our Days: A Biographical Encyclopedia (in Hungarian). Helikon Kiadó. p. 356. ISBN 963-547-085-1.