Chungseon of Goryeo

Chungseon of Goryeo (20 October 1275 – 23 June 1325) (r. 1298 and 1308 – 1313), born Wang Won (Hangul: 왕원, Hanja: 王謜), later changed his name to Wang Jang (Hangul: 왕장, Hanja: 王璋), was the 26th ruler of the Goryeo Dynasty of Korea. He is sometimes known by his Mongolian name, Ijir Bukhqa (Hangul: 익지례보화, Hanja: 益知禮普花, Romanization: Ikjiryebohwa).[2] Adept at calligraphy and painting, rather than politics, he generally preferred the life in Khanbaliq (the capital of the Yuan Empire, present-day Beijing) to that in Gaegyeong (the capital of Goryeo, present-day Kaesong). He was the eldest son of King Chungryeol; his mother was Queen Jangmok, a daughter of Kublai Khan, also known by her Mongolian name, Borjigin Qutlugh Kelmysh.

Chungseon of Goryeo
高麗忠宣
고려 충선
Crown Prince of Goryeo
Reign1277 – 1298
Coronation1277
PredecessorCrown Prince Wang Sim
SuccessorCrown Prince Wang Gam
MonarchKing Chungnyeol (father)
King of Goryeo
1st reign
Reign1298 – 1298
Coronation1298
PredecessorChungnyeol of Goryeo
SuccessorChungnyeol of Goryeo
King of Goryeo
2nd reign
Reign1308 – 1313
Coronation1308
PredecessorChungnyeol of Goryeo
SuccessorChungsuk of Goryeo
Prince of Shen
Reign1308 – 1316
Coronation1308
SuccessorWang Go
Born20 October 1275
Sapan Palace, Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Died23 June 1325 (1325-06-24) (aged 49)
Yeongyeong Mansion, Khanbaliq, Yuan Empire
Burial
Deokneung Tomb[1]
ConsortPrincess Gyeguk (1296 – 1316)
IssueChungsuk of Goryeo
Posthumous name
  • King Seonhyo the Great
    • 선효대왕
    • 宣孝大王
HouseHouse of Kaesong Wang
FatherChungnyeol of Goryeo
MotherQueen Jangmok
ReligionBuddhism
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationChungseon Wang
McCune–ReischauerCh'ungsŏn Wang
Birth name
Hangul
, later
Hanja
, later
Revised RomanizationWang Won, later Wang Jang
McCune–ReischauerWang Won, later Wang Chang
Courtesy name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationJungang
McCune–ReischauerChungang

BiographyEdit

In 1277, King Chungseon was confirmed as Crown Prince; the following year he travelled to China and received his Mongolian name.[citation needed]

In 1296, he married Borjigin Budashiri, a Yuan princess and great-granddaughter of Kublai Khan. However, he already had three Korean wives, who were daughters of the powerful nobles.

King Chungseon's mother died in 1297, and this was followed by a violent purge brought on by allegations that she had been murdered. Perhaps upset by these events, King Chungnyeol petitioned Yuan to abdicate the throne and was accordingly replaced by his son in 1298. Faced with intense plotting between the faction of his Mongol Queen and his Korean wife, Royal Consort Jo of the Pungyang Jo clan, King Chungseon returned the throne to his father shortly thereafter.

He received a new title, the Prince of Shenyang,[N 1][N 2] in 1307[3] or 1308.[4] After his father's death in 1308, King Chungseon was obliged to return to the throne of Goryeo and made efforts to reform court politics, but spent as much time as possible in China. In 1310, his Chinese title was changed to Prince of Shen.[N 3][5] He is a very rare case of personal unions in East Asia.

He retired from the throne in 1313, and was replaced by his son, Wang Do. After the death of Emperor Renzong of Yuan (元仁宗), King Chungseon was briefly sent into exile to Tibet (lately Sakya), but was permitted to return to Khanbaliq soon thereafter, where he died in 1325.

FamilyEdit

  1. Borjigin Budashiri, Princess Supreme of Gye State (보르지긴 부다시리 계국대장공주) (d. 1315) – No issue.
  2. Yasokjin, Royal Consort Ui (야속진 의비) (d. 1316)
    1. Wang Gam, Prince Gwangneung (왕감 광릉군)
    2. Wang Do, Chungsuk of Goryeo (왕도 고려 충숙)
  3. Royal Consort Jeong of the Kaeseong Wang clan (정비 개성 왕씨) (d. 1345)[6] – No issue.
  4. Royal Consort Jo of the Pungyang Jo clan (조비 풍양 조씨) – No issue.
  5. Lady Sunhwa, Royal Consort Won of the Namyang Hong clan (순화원비 남양 홍씨) (d. 1306) – No issue.
  6. Royal Consort Sun of the Yangcheon Heo clan (순비 양천 허씨) (1271 – 1335) – No issue.
  7. Royal Consort Suk of the Eonyang Kim clan (숙비 언양 김씨) – No issue.
  8. Unknown
    1. Wang Hye, Prince Deokheung (덕흥군 왕혜)
    2. Princess Suchun (수춘옹주)

AncestryEdit

Popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In English, the title wang (王) can be translated as both "prince" (秦王 or Prince of Qin, Emperor Taizong of Tang's title until Xuanwu Gate Incident) and "king" (魏王 or King of Wei, Cao Cao's title at the time of his death).
  2. ^ 瀋陽王 (Simplified Chinese: 沈阳王, Pinyin: Shěnyáng Wáng; Hangul: 심양왕, Revised Romanization: Simyang Wang).
  3. ^ 瀋王(Simplified Chinese: 沈王, Pinyin: Shěn Wáng; Hangul: 심왕, Revised Romanization: Sim Wang).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The exact location of the tomb is uknown, but it's believed to be situated in Kaesong, present-day North Korea.
  2. ^ 范永聰 (2009). 事大與保國 ── 元明之際的中韓關係 (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). 香港教育圖書公司. p. 58. ISBN 9789882003019.
  3. ^ According to the History of Yuan (specifically, 元史·卷二十二·武宗一).
  4. ^ According to Goryeosa (specifically, 高麗史·卷三十三·世家).
  5. ^ According to the History of Yuan (specifically, 《元史·卷二十三·武宗二》).
  6. ^ Fourth cousin-once-removed.

External linksEdit

Chungseon of Goryeo
Born: 20 October 1275 Died: 23 June 1325
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Goryeo
1298
Succeeded by
King of Goryeo
1308–1313
Succeeded by
Chinese royalty
New creation Prince of Shenyang
c. 1308 – 1310
Succeeded by
Himself
as Prince of Shen
Preceded by
Himself
as Prince of Shenyang
Prince of Shen
1310–1316
Succeeded by