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|Ab urbe condita||2061|
|Balinese saka calendar||1229–1230|
|English Regnal year||1 Edw. 2 – 2 Edw. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丁未年 (Fire Goat)|
4004 or 3944
— to —
戊申年 (Earth Monkey)
4005 or 3945
|- Vikram Samvat||1364–1365|
|- Shaka Samvat||1229–1230|
|- Kali Yuga||4408–4409|
|Japanese calendar||Tokuji 3 / Enkyō 1|
|Minguo calendar||604 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1850–1851|
1434 or 1053 or 281
— to —
1435 or 1054 or 282
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1308.|
- January 25 – King Edward II of England marries Isabella of France. They are both crowned a month later (on February 25).
- March 8 – Póvoa de Varzim (then Varazim), Portugal gains a foral from Denis of Portugal.
- April 15 – Abu Hammu I ascends to the throne of the Kingdom of Tlemcen after the death of his brother Abu-I Zayyan.
- October 13 – Walter Reynolds is consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury, in England.
- November 27 – Henry VII, King of Germany, is elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
- December 28 – Emperor Hanazono ascends to the throne of Japan.
- The Capet-Anjou family begins to rule Hungary.
- The Sultanate of Rûm ends.
- King Philip IV of France purchases the Hôtel de Nesle, and builds one of the earliest indoor tennis courts there.
- approx. date – Dante Alighieri begins to write the Divine Comedy.
- March 18 – Yuri I of Galicia
- April 5 – Ivan Kőszegi, Hungarian baron
- May 1 – Albert I of Germany, Duke of Austria (murdered) (b. 1255)
- September 4 – Margaret of Burgundy, Queen of Sicily (b. 1250)
- September 10 – Emperor Go-Nijō of Japan (b. 1285)
- October 10 – Patrick Dunbar, 8th Earl of Dunbar
- November 8 – Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher
- December 21 – Henry I, Landgrave of Hesse (b. 1244)
- date unknown