Year 1300 (MCCC) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, the 1300th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 300th year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 13th century, and the 1st year of the 1300s decade. The year 1300 was not a leap year in the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1300 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1300
Ab urbe condita2053
Armenian calendar749
Assyrian calendar6050
Balinese saka calendar1221–1222
Bengali calendar707
Berber calendar2250
English Regnal year28 Edw. 1 – 29 Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar1844
Burmese calendar662
Byzantine calendar6808–6809
Chinese calendar己亥年 (Earth Pig)
3996 or 3936
    — to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
3997 or 3937
Coptic calendar1016–1017
Discordian calendar2466
Ethiopian calendar1292–1293
Hebrew calendar5060–5061
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1356–1357
 - Shaka Samvat1221–1222
 - Kali Yuga4400–4401
Holocene calendar11300
Igbo calendar300–301
Iranian calendar678–679
Islamic calendar699–700
Japanese calendarShōan 2
Javanese calendar1211–1212
Julian calendar1300
Korean calendar3633
Minguo calendar612 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−168
Thai solar calendar1842–1843
Tibetan calendar阴土猪年
(female Earth-Pig)
1426 or 1045 or 273
    — to —
(male Iron-Rat)
1427 or 1046 or 274
King Wenceslaus II (1271–1305) from the Codex Manesse (14th century)
Territory under control of Wenceslaus II of the Přemyslid Dynasty (c. 1301)


By placeEdit


  • Spring – Bohemian forces under Wenceslaus II of the Czech House of Přemyslid, seize Pomerania and Greater Poland (Wielkopolska). The 28-year-old Wenceslaus already rules Lesser Poland (Małopolska) since 1291, and forced a number of Silesian princes to swear allegiance to him. He is crowned as king and reunites the Polish territories. During his reign, Wenceslaus also introduces a number of laws and reforms, the most important being the creation of a new type of official known as a starosta (or Elder), who rules a small territory as the king's direct representative.[1][2]
  • Franco–Flemish War: King Philip IV (the Fair) begins to invade Flanders again after the expiration of an armistice in January. French forces plunder and devastate the countryside around Ypres. The king's brother, Charles of Valois, marches from Bruges to the outskirts of Ghent. He burns Nevele and twelve other towns. In March, French forces besiege Damme and Ypres. At the end of April, Damme, Aardenburg and Sluis surrender. By mid-May, the whole of Flanders is under French control, and several Flemish nobles (like Guy of Namur) are taken into captivity in France.[3]


  • July – King Edward I (Longshanks) starts another Scottish campaign and marches north with his army, accompanied by several knights of Brittany and Lorraine. After a short siege lasting only 5 days, Caerlaverock Castle is captured. The 16-year-old Prince Edward of Caernarfon is appointed to take command of the rearguard of the English army but part from a small skirmish, he sees no action.[4]
  • Summer – Edward I (Longshanks) invades Galloway and confronts a Scottish army under John Comyn III (the Red) on the River Cree. During the battle, the Scottish cavalry is again defeated. Edward is unable to pursue the fugitives into the wild country, where they flee and take refuge. John escapes with his life and begins to raid the English countryside in smaller groups.[5]
  • August – Pope Boniface VIII sends a letter to Edward I (Longshanks) demanding that he should withdraw from Scotland. Edward ignores the letter, but because the campaign is not a success, the English forces begin on their home journey. Edward arranges a truce with the Scots on October 30 and returns home.


By topicEdit

Cities and TownsEdit





  1. ^ Richard Brzezinski (1998). History of Poland: Old Poland – The Piast Dynasty, p. 24. ISBN 83-7212-019-6.
  2. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 152. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  3. ^ Strayer, Joseph (1980). The Reign of Philip the Fair, pp. 10–11. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-10089-0.
  4. ^ Phillips, Seymour (2011). Edward II, pp. 82–84. New Haven, CT & London, UK: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-17802-9.
  5. ^ Armstrong, Pete (2003). Osprey: Stirling Bridge & Falkirk 1297–98, p. 84. ISBN 1-84176-510-4.
  6. ^ Magazine, Smithsonian; Helmuth, Laura. "In the Cliffs of mesa Verde". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved July 12, 2022.
  7. ^ Pfatteicher, Philip (1980). Festivals and Commemorations. Augsburg Fortress. ISBN 978-0-8066-1757-2.
  8. ^ Sharpe, Thomasin Elizabeth (1875). A royal descent [of the family of Sharpe]; with other pedigrees and memorials [With] Additions and corrections. pp. 2–.
  9. ^ Steven Mueller (2007). The Wittelsbach Dynasty. Waldmann Press. ISBN 978-0-9702576-3-5.
  10. ^ Koenen, H.J. (1903). "Het ridderlijk geslacht van Heemskerk in de middeleeuwen", pp. 228–244. De Wapenheraut, Archief van Epen, 's Gravenhage - Brussel, vol VII.
  11. ^ Axelrod, Alan (2013). Mercenaries: A Guide to Private Armies and Private Military Companies. CQ Press. p. 174. ISBN 9781483364674.
  12. ^ Anne Rudloff Stanton (2001). The Queen Mary Psalter: A Study of Affect and Audience. American Philosophical Society. pp. 217–. ISBN 978-0-87169-916-9.

Further readingEdit

  • Alexandra Gajewski & Zoë Opacic (ed.), The Year 1300 and the Creation of a New European Architecture (Architectura Medii Aevi, 1), Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2007. ISBN 978-2-503-52286-9