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|Ab urbe condita||2055|
|Balinese saka calendar||1223–1224|
|English Regnal year||30 Edw. 1 – 31 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||辛丑年 (Metal Ox)|
3998 or 3938
— to —
壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
3999 or 3939
|- Vikram Samvat||1358–1359|
|- Shaka Samvat||1223–1224|
|- Kali Yuga||4402–4403|
|Japanese calendar||Shōan 4 / Kengen 1|
|Minguo calendar||610 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1844–1845|
1428 or 1047 or 275
— to —
1429 or 1048 or 276
- April 10 – The first meeting of the Estates General of the Kingdom of France is convened by Philip IV of France, at the Notre-Dame in Paris.
- May 18 – Bruges Matins: The French garrison in Bruges is massacred at night, by members of the local Flemish militia.
- June 12 – Rakvere, Estonia, receives Lübeck city rights.
- July 11 – Battle of the Golden Spurs (also called the Battle of Courtrai): The County of Flanders gains a major victory over the Kingdom of France.
- July 27 – Battle of Bapheus: The Ottoman Turks defeat the Byzantine Empire, heralding the Turkish conquest of Bithynia.
- September 24 – Treaty of Caltabellotta: Charles II of Naples makes peace with Frederick III of Sicily, ending the War of the Sicilian Vespers.
- September 26 – Fall of Ruad: The last Crusader stronghold in the Levant is conquered.
- October 4 – A peace treaty between the Byzantine Empire and the Republic of Venice ends the Byzantine–Venetian War (1296–1302).
- November 18 – Boniface VIII publishes the Papal bull Unam Sanctam.
- Roger de Flor founds the Catalan Company, with soldiers (Almogavars) jobless after the Treaty of Caltabellotta.
- Castile occupies the harbor of Algiers.
- Jičín, Bohemia is chartered as a city.
- Pope Boniface VIII suppresses the Franciscans.
- The Estates General of France meets for the first time.
- Dante Alighieri is exiled from Florence by the Black Guelphs, as is Petrarch's father (see Guelphs and Ghibellines).
- Robert the Bruce, king of Scotland, reconciles with Edward I of England.
- Philip IV of France confiscates Jewish property.
- The Confucian Temple is erected in Beijing.
- January 19 – Al-Hakim I, Caliph of Cairo
- March 9 or March 9 1301 – Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel (b. 1267)
- March 20 – Ralph Walpole, Bishop of Norwich
- May 2 – Blanche of Artois, dowager, former queen consort and regent of Navarre (b. c. 1248)
- July 11 (Battle of the Spurs):
- September 18 – Eudokia Palaiologina, Empress of Trebizond (b. c. 1265)
- November 17 or November 17 1301 – St. Gertrude the Great, German saint
- December 26 – Valdemar, King of Sweden, 1250–1275 (b. c. 1238/1239)
- December 31 – Frederick III, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1238)
- date unknown