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Year 1259 (MCCLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1259 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1259
MCCLIX
Ab urbe condita2012
Armenian calendar708
ԹՎ ՉԸ
Assyrian calendar6009
Balinese saka calendar1180–1181
Bengali calendar666
Berber calendar2209
English Regnal year43 Hen. 3 – 44 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar1803
Burmese calendar621
Byzantine calendar6767–6768
Chinese calendar戊午(Earth Horse)
3955 or 3895
    — to —
己未年 (Earth Goat)
3956 or 3896
Coptic calendar975–976
Discordian calendar2425
Ethiopian calendar1251–1252
Hebrew calendar5019–5020
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1315–1316
 - Shaka Samvat1180–1181
 - Kali Yuga4359–4360
Holocene calendar11259
Igbo calendar259–260
Iranian calendar637–638
Islamic calendar656–658
Japanese calendarShōka 3 / Shōgen 1
(正元元年)
Javanese calendar1168–1169
Julian calendar1259
MCCLIX
Korean calendar3592
Minguo calendar653 before ROC
民前653年
Nanakshahi calendar−209
Thai solar calendar1801–1802
Tibetan calendar阳土马年
(male Earth-Horse)
1385 or 1004 or 232
    — to —
阴土羊年
(female Earth-Goat)
1386 or 1005 or 233
Portion of a fresco of the Boyana Church, completed this year.

EventsEdit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit

AsiaEdit

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ Brand, Paul (2003). Kings, Barons and Justices: The Making and Enforcement of Legislation in Thirteenth-Century England. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–5. ISBN 9781139439077.
  3. ^ David, Brewer (2011) [2010]. Greece, the Hidden Centuries: Turkish Rule from the Fall of Constantinople to Greek. New York: I.B.Tauris. p. 17. ISBN 9780857730046.
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  7. ^ Hammel-Kiesow, Rolf (2015). "The Early Hansas". In Harreld, Donald J. (ed.). A Companion to the Hanseatic League. Leiden and Boston: BRILL. p. 56. ISBN 9789004284760.
  8. ^ Sedlar, Jean W. (2013) [1994]. East Central Europe in the Middle Ages, 1000-1500. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press. p. 379. ISBN 9780295800646.
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  10. ^ a b Rossabi, Morris (2009). Khubilai Khan: His Life and Times. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. pp. 96–97. ISBN 9780520261327.
  11. ^ Kolbas, Judith (2013). The Mongols in Iran: Chingiz Khan to Uljaytu 1220–1309. New York and London: Routledge. p. 160. ISBN 9781136802898.
  12. ^ Andrade, Tonio (2016). The Gunpowder Age: China, Military Innovation, and the Rise of the West in World History. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. p. 48. ISBN 9781400874446.
  13. ^ London, Ellen (2008). Thailand Condensed: 2,000 Years of History & Culture. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish International Asia Pte Ltd. p. 32. ISBN 9789812619761.
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  32. ^ Park, Sang-jin (2014). Under the Microscope: The Secrets of the Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks. Translated by Kim, Ji-hyun Philippa. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. xii. ISBN 9781443867320.
  33. ^ McKitterick, Rosamond; Abulafia, David; Fouracre, Paul; Reuter, Timothy; Allmand, C. T.; Luscombe, David Edward; Jones, Michael; Riley-Smith, Jonathan (1995). The New Cambridge Medieval History. Volume V: c. 1198 - c.1300. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 460. ISBN 9780521362894.
  34. ^ Power, Amanda (2017). "The Friars in Secular and Ecclesiastical Governance, 1224–c. 1259". In Robson, Michael J. P. (ed.). The English Province of the Franciscans (1224-c.1350). Leiden and Boston: BRILL. p. 36. ISBN 9789004331624.
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