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Epirote–Nicaean conflict (1257–59)

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In the period between 1257 and 1259 the Despotate of Epirus and Empire of Nicaea fought each other for Byzantine territories. Nicaea had by 1253 occupied Macedonia and Albania, and forced Despot Michael II of Epirus to submission.[1] Michael II, fearing an Nicaean attack after Theodore II Laskaris' defeat of the Bulgarians (1255–56), allied himself with Serbian king Stefan Uroš I.[1] The Epirotes involved chieftains in Albania in the springtime of 1257, and the Epirote and Serbian armies then coordinated their attacks.[1] Michael regained most of Albania, then sent forces into Macedonia.[1]

Epirote–Nicaean conflict
Date1257–1259
LocationBalkans
Result Nicaean victory; subsequent restoration of Byzantine Empire
Belligerents
Despotate of Epirus Empire of Nicaea
Commanders and leaders
Michael II Theodore II Laskaris
Michael VIII Palaiologos
George Akropolites  (POW)
John Doukas Palaiologos

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Fine 1994, p. 160.

SourcesEdit

  • Fine, John V. A., Jr. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5.
  • Setton, Kenneth Meyer (1976). The Papacy and the Levant, 1204-1571: The thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. American Philosophical Society. pp. 74–. ISBN 978-0-87169-114-9.
  • Warren T. Treadgold (1997). A History of the Byzantine State and Society. Stanford University Press. pp. 731–. ISBN 978-0-8047-2630-6.