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Gojong of Goryeo (3 February 1192 – 21 July 1259), sometimes spelled Ko-tjong, was the twenty-third ruler of Goryeo in present-day Korea from 1213–1259. Gojong's reign was marked by prolonged conflict with the Mongol Empire, which sought to conquer Goryeo, ending only to settle peace in 1259. During his reign actual power rested with the Choe family of military dictators.

Gojong of Goryeo
고려 고종
King of Goryeo
Reign1213 – 1259
PredecessorGangjong of Goryeo
SuccessorWonjong of Goryeo
Born3 February 1192
Kingdom of Goryeo
Died21 July 1259 (1259-07-22) (aged 67)
Kingdom of Goryeo
ConsortQueen Anhye
IssueWonjong of Goryeo
Yeongjong of Goryeo
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherGangjong of Goryeo
MotherQueen Wondeok
ReligionBuddhism
Gojong of Goryeo
Hangul
고종
Hanja
高宗
Revised RomanizationGojong
McCune–ReischauerKojong

BiographyEdit

Although ascending to the throne in 1213, Gojong did not wield much power until powerful advisors were killed off. In 1216, the Khitan invaded but was defeated. In August 1232, Gojong moved the capital of Goryeo from Songdo to the island of Ganghwa and started the construction of significant defenses there, in order to better defend from the Mongol threat. Gojong resisted the Mongol invasion for nearly thirty years before the kingdom was forced to make peace with the Mongols in 1259; Gojong died soon after.

In 1251, the carving of the Tripitaka Koreana, a collection of Buddhist scriptures recorded on some 81,000 wooden blocks, was completed. The work was perhaps motivated by Gojong's hopes to change fortunes through the act of religious devotion; however the originals were later destroyed by the Mongols — the existing Tripitaka is a replica of Gojong's original, and was commissioned around one hundred years after the originals were lost.

Gojong was married to Queen Anhye, daughter of Huijong, the twenty-first king of Goryeo. His tomb is located near the city of Incheon.

FamilyEdit

  • Father: King Gangjong of Goryeo (10 May 1152 – 26 August 1213) (고려 강종)
    • Grandfather: King Myeongjong of Goryeo (8 November 1131 – 3 December 1202) (고려 명종)
    • Grandmother: Queen Uijeong of the Kaesong Wang clan (의정왕후 왕씨)
  • Mother: Queen Wondeok of the Kaesong Wang clan (1167 – 1239) (원덕왕후 왕씨)
    • Grandfather: Wang Seong, Prince Sinyang (? – 1178) (왕성 신안후)
    • Grandmother: Princess Changrak (? – 27 January 1216) (창락궁주)

Consorts:

  1. Queen Anhye of the Kaesong Wang clan (? – 1 June 1232) (안혜왕후 왕씨)
    1. King Wonjong of Goryeo (5 April 1219 – 23 July 1274) (고려 원종)
    2. King Yeongjong of Goryeo (August 1223 – ?) (고려 영종)
    3. Princess Suheung (수흥궁주)
  2. Unnamed consort
    1. Unnamed daughter

In popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 고종 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.
Gojong of Goryeo
Born: 3 February 1192 Died: 21 July 1259
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Gangjong
King of Goryeo
1213–1259
Succeeded by
Wonjong