Shōan (正安) is an era in Japanese history. This era spanned the years from April 1299 through November 1302.[1] Preceding it was the Einin era, and following it was the Kengen era. The reigning emperors were Go-Fushimi-tennō (後伏見天皇) and Go-Nijō-tennō (後二条天皇).[2]

Change of eraEdit

  • 1299 Shōan gannen (正安元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Einin 7.

Events of the Shōan eraEdit

  • November 1, 1299 (Shōan 1, 8th day of the 10th month): Chinese Chan master Yishan Yining arrived in Kamakura as a last Mongol envoy.
  • March 2, 1301 (Shōan 3, 21st day of the 1st month): In the 5th year of Go-Fushimi-tennō's reign (後伏見天皇5年), the emperor was forced to abdicate; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by his cousin. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Go-Nijō is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).[3]
  • 1301 (Shōan 3): Gokenho, a Buddhist text was printed.[4]
  • 1302 (Shōan 4): Eikan-dō Zenrin-ji mandala is said to have been completed.[5]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shōan" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 877, p. 877, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File Archived 2012-05-24 at
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 274-275; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 238-239.
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 275; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  4. ^ Japan Monbushō. (1876). An Outline History of Japanese Education; prepared for the Philadelphia International Exhibition, p. 46., p. 46, at Google Books
  5. ^ Archives of Asian Art, Vols. 36-36, pp. 69-70. 1982.


  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 6042764

External linksEdit

Preceded by Era or nengō

Succeeded by