Maria of Brabant, Duchess of Bavaria

Maria of Brabant (*1226 – †January 18,1256) was a daughter of Henry II, Duke of Brabant, and Maria of Swabia. She married Louis II, Duke of Bavaria, being the first of three wives.

Maria of Brabant
Duchess of Bavaria
LudwigderStrengeMariavonBrabantAnnavonSchlesien-Glogau.jpg
Maria (centre), with her husband Louis (left) and his second wife, Anna of Glogau (right).
Born1226
Died1256 (aged 29–30)
Spouse
(m. 1254)
HouseReginar
FatherHenry II, Duke of Brabant
MotherMaria of Swabia

BackgroundEdit

Maria was the daughter of Duke Henry II of Brabant and Lorraine from his first marriage to Mary, daughter of King Philip of Swabia.[1][2]

Maria was the fifth of six children born to Henry by his first wife, Maria,[3] a daughter of Philip of Swabia. Maria's siblings included Henry III, Duke of Brabant and Matilda of Brabant.[3] After the death of her mother, her father remarried to Sophie of Thuringia; from this marriage she gained two half-siblings, including Henry I of Hesse.

Betrothals and marriageEdit

On 2 August 1254, Maria was married to Louis II, Duke of Bavaria.[4] The couple were married for only two years, during which time they had no children.

ExecutionEdit

 
Execution of Maria as depicted by Jan van Boendale

Maria was executed by beheading in Donauwörth in 1256, after being accused of adultery by her husband,[4] following the standard practice for women found guilty of adultery; however, proof of guilt of adultery on her part could never be validated. As expiation, Louis founded the Cistercian friary Fürstenfeld Abbey (Fürstenfeldbruck) near Munich.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hendrik Van Brabant".
  2. ^ "Maria von Hohenstaufen". geni_family_tree. Retrieved 2020-12-15.
  3. ^ a b Dunbabin 2011, p. xiv.
  4. ^ a b Bumke 1991, p. 392.

SourcesEdit

  • Bumke, Joachim (1991). Courtly Culture: Literature and Society in the High Middle Ages. Translated by Dunlap, Thomas. University of California Press.
  • Dunbabin, Jean (2011). The French in the Kingdom of Sicily, 1266–1305. Cambridge University Press.
Preceded by
Agnes of the Palatinate (United Bavaria)
Duchess of Upper Bavaria
With Elisabeth of Hungary

?–1256
Succeeded by
Anna of Glogau