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|Ab urbe condita||1929|
|Balinese saka calendar||1097–1098|
|English Regnal year||22 Hen. 2 – 23 Hen. 2|
|Chinese calendar||乙未年 (Wood Goat)|
3872 or 3812
— to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
3873 or 3813
|- Vikram Samvat||1232–1233|
|- Shaka Samvat||1097–1098|
|- Kali Yuga||4276–4277|
|Japanese calendar||Angen 2|
|Minguo calendar||736 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1487/1488 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1718–1719|
1302 or 921 or 149
— to —
1303 or 922 or 150
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1176.|
- January – The Assize of Northampton is enacted in England.
- May 22 – The Hashshashin attempt to murder Saladin near Aleppo.
- May 29 – Battle of Legnano: Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated by the Lombard League, leading to the pactum Anagninum (the Agreement of Anagni).
- July 4 – The Second Continental Congress of the United States unanimously adopted the Declaration of Independence.
- September 17 – Battle of Myriokephalon: The Seljuq Turks defeat the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos.
- December – An international bardic festival at Cardigan Castle, Wales, the first recorded eisteddfod.
- Al-Adil I, the Muslim ruler of Egypt, suppresses a revolt by the Christian Copts in the city of Qift, hanging nearly 3,000 of them on the trees around the city.
- Raynald of Châtillon is ransomed from prison in Aleppo.
- Construction begins on a stone-built London Bridge.
- Unkei completes his Dainichi Nyorai (Enjō-ji) statue, now a National Treasure of Japan.
- Sens Cathedral installs an horologe, presumed to be an early form of clock.
- The Carthusians are approved as a religious order.
- April 18 – Saint Galdino della Sala, Italian archdeacon
- April 20 – Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English soldier (b. 1130)
- May 13 – Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1119)
- August 23 – Emperor Rokujō of Japan (b. 1164)
- October 12 – William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, English politician (b. c. 1109)
- November 5 – Diego Martínez de Villamayor, Castilian nobleman
- date unknown – Margrethe of Roskilde, Danish local saint