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|Ab urbe condita||2065|
|Balinese saka calendar||1233–1234|
|English Regnal year||5 Edw. 2 – 6 Edw. 2|
|Chinese calendar||辛亥年 (Metal Pig)|
4008 or 3948
— to —
壬子年 (Water Rat)
4009 or 3949
|- Vikram Samvat||1368–1369|
|- Shaka Samvat||1233–1234|
|- Kali Yuga||4412–4413|
|Japanese calendar||Ōchō 2 / Shōwa 1|
|Minguo calendar||600 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1854–1855|
1438 or 1057 or 285
— to —
1439 or 1058 or 286
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1312.|
- April – Pope Clement V forcibly disbands the Knights Templar. This is following years of persecution of the Knights Templar, initially started on Friday, October 13, 1307, in collusion with King Philip "The Fair" Le Bel of France.
- June 15 – Battle of Rozgony: King Charles I of Hungary defeats the family of Palatine Amade Aba.
- June 29 – Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor is crowned in the Lateran Palace, due to St Peter's Basilica being occupied by Romans hostile to him.
- September 27 – The Charter of Kortenberg is signed, and is possibly the first constitution which allows democratic decisions in feudal mainland Europe.
- October 31 – Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor is forced to abandon his campaign against Florence.
- Battle of Amorgos: The Knights Hospitaller, newly based on Rhodes, defeat a Turkish fleet.
- The Siege of Rostock begins.
- The Canary Islands are "rediscovered" by Lancelotto Malocello, a Genoese navigator, who sails to Lanzarote, and remains there for almost two decades.
- May 13 – Theobald II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1263)
- June 19 – Piers Gaveston, favourite of Edward II of England
- August 27 – Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1262)
- September 7 – King Ferdinand IV of Castile (b. 1285)
- October 27
- November 6 – Christina von Stommeln, Roman Catholic mystic and stigmatic (b. 1242)
- November 9 – Otto III, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1261)
- December 7 – Michael II, Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch
- date unknown
- Lock, Peter (2013). The Routledge Companion to the Crusades. Routledge. p. 125. ISBN 9781135131371.
- Bernard Grun, The Timetables of History, Simon & Schuster, 3rd ed, 1991. ISBN 0671749196. p185
- J.J. Saunders, "History of the Mongol Conquests," page 144
- Josef W. Meri, "Medieval Islamic Civilization," page 573
- "Influential Figures: Cardinal Gentile Partino da Montefiore (1240 – 1312)". montefioredellaso.com. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
- Barsoum, Ephrem (2003). The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences. Translated by Matti Moosa (2nd ed.). Gorgias Press. p. 488.