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|Ab urbe condita||2089|
|Balinese saka calendar||1257–1258|
|English Regnal year||9 Edw. 3 – 10 Edw. 3|
|Chinese calendar||乙亥年 (Wood Pig)|
4032 or 3972
— to —
丙子年 (Fire Rat)
4033 or 3973
|- Vikram Samvat||1392–1393|
|- Shaka Samvat||1257–1258|
|- Kali Yuga||4436–4437|
|Japanese calendar||Shōkei 5|
|Minguo calendar||576 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1878–1879|
1462 or 1081 or 309
— to —
1463 or 1082 or 310
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1336.|
- February 25 – 4,000 defenders of Pilėnai commit mass suicide, rather than be taken captive by the Teutonic Knights.
- February 25 – The Kenmu Restoration ends, and the Muromachi period begins, in Japan.
- April 26 – Ascent of Mount Ventoux by the Italian poet Petrarch: he claims to be the first since classical antiquity to climb a mountain for the view.
- July 4 – Battle of Minatogawa: Ashikaga Takauji defeats Japanese Imperial forces under Kusunoki Masashige and Nitta Yoshisada
- The reign of Emperor Kōmyō, second of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders, begins.
- Vijayanagara is founded on the southern part of the Deccan plateau in India, by the brothers Harihara and Bukka Raya.
- Aberdeen is burned by the English.
- January 20 – John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford (b. 1306)
- March 20 – Maurice Csák, Hungarian Dominican friar (b. c. 1270)
- May 17 – Emperor Go-Fushimi of Japan (b. 1288)
- July 4 – Elizabeth of Portugal, queen consort and saint (b. 1271)
- September 5 – Charles d'Évreux (b. 1305)
- date unknown
- Bernard VIII, Count of Comminges (b. c. 1285)
- Arpa Ke'un, Ilkhanid emperor
- Guillaume Pierre Godin, French Dominican philosopher (b. c. 1260)
- Hugh II of Arborea
- Margiris, Duke of Samogitia
- Ramon Muntaner, Catalan soldier and writer (b. 1270)
- Cino da Pistoia, Italian poet (b. 1270)
- Richard of Wallingford, English monk and mathematician (b. 1292)
- Ghiyas al-Din ibn Rashid al-Din, Ilkhanate politician