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|Ab urbe condita||2058|
|Balinese saka calendar||1226–1227|
|English Regnal year||33 Edw. 1 – 34 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)|
4001 or 3941
— to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
4002 or 3942
|- Vikram Samvat||1361–1362|
|- Shaka Samvat||1226–1227|
|- Kali Yuga||4405–4406|
|Japanese calendar||Kagen 3|
|Minguo calendar||607 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1847–1848|
1431 or 1050 or 278
— to —
1432 or 1051 or 279
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1305.|
- June 5 – Pope Clement V, formerly the Archbishop of Bordeaux Bertrand de Got, succeeds Pope Benedict XI as the 195th pope, and is crowned at Lyon.
- July – Battle of Apros: The Catalan Company defeats the Byzantine Empire.
- August 5 – English troops capture William Wallace.
- April 2 – Joan I of Navarre, queen regnant of Navarre, and queen consort of Philip IV of France (b. 1273)
- April 30 – Roger de Flor, commander-in-chief of the Almogàvers (murdered)
- June 21 – King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland (b. 1271)
- August 23 – William Wallace, Scottish patriot (executed)
- October 4 – Emperor Kameyama of Japan (b. 1249)
- November 18 – John II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1239)
- December 6 – Maximus, Metropolitan of Kiev
- date unknown
- "Joan I | Facts & Biography". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- "On this day 1305: William Wallace hanged, drawn and quartered". Scotsman. Retrieved July 22, 2018.