Darmabala (also known as Dharmapala[1] - Standard Tibetan: ཆོས་སྐྱོང་, lit.'Protector of the Law', Mongolian: Дармабал, ᠳᠠᠷᠮᠠᠪᠠᠯᠠ, Chinese: 答剌麻八剌) — was a Mongol prince, grandson of Kublai Khan, son of his Crown Prince Zhenjin. He was an ancestor of subsequent Yuan monarchs who came after Temür Khan and the Goryeo kings after Gongmin.

Darmabala
Born1264
Died1292(1292-00-00) (aged 27–28)
SpouseDagi Khatun
IssueKülüg Khan
Buyantu Khan
Sengge Ragi of Lu
Posthumous name
Emperor Zhaosheng Yanxiao (昭聖衍孝皇帝)
Temple name
Shùnzōng (顺宗)
HouseBorjigin
FatherZhenjin
MotherKökejin Khatun
ReligionBuddhism

BiographyEdit

He was born in 1264 to Zhenjin and his wife Kökejin Khatun as the couple's second son. He was married to Dagi from Khongirad tribe around 1278.[2] After Zhenjin's death on 5 January 1286, Darmabala came to be seen as a strong candidate for the position of heir-apparent by his grandfather and was appointed as commander of Mongol army in Jeju Island. He was described by Marco Polo as 'rickety'.[3] He was dispatched to Huaizhou by Kublai in 1291, where he fell ill. He was treated in Khanbaliq until 1292 where he died. He was posthumously renamed Emperor Zhaosheng Yanxiao (昭聖衍孝皇帝) by Külüg Khan and was given the temple name Shunzong (顺宗).

FamilyEdit

He had three sons and a daughter from two wives:

  1. Dagi Khatun, posthumously Empress Zhāoxiàn Yuánshèng (昭獻元聖皇后)
  2. Concubine Guo (郭氏妃子)
    • Amuga[4] (born before 1281, d. 1324) — 1st Prince of Wei (魏王)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mongolia Society Bulletin. University of Virginia: Mongolia Society. 1970. p. 65.
  2. ^ Lee, Lily Xiao Hong; Wiles, Sue (2015-01-28). Tagi. Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women, Volume II: Tang Through Ming 618 - 1644. Routledge. p. 387. ISBN 978-1-317-51562-3.
  3. ^ Polo, Marco (1875). The Book of Ser Marco Polo, the Venetian: Concerning the Kingdoms and Marvels of the East. John Murray. p. 353.
  4. ^ a b c Zhao, George Qingzhi (2008). Marriage as Political Strategy and Cultural Expression: Mongolian Royal Marriages from World Empire to Yuan Dynasty. Peter Lang. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-4331-0275-2.
  5. ^ Robinson, David M. (2020-10-26). Empire's Twilight: Northeast Asia under the Mongols. BRILL. p. 102. ISBN 978-1-68417-052-4.