Princess Gyeonghwa

Bayankhutag (Mongolian: Баян хутаг; Middle Mongolian: ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠺᠣᠲᠣᠭ), more commonly known by her Korean title Princess Gyeonghwa, was a consort of Chungsuk of Goryeo. After his death, she was raped by her stepson, who was then forced to marry her.[1]

Princess Gyeonghwa
경화공주
Consort of Goryeo
tenure1333 – 1339
Consort of Goryeo
tenure?? – 1344
BornBayankhutag
ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠺᠣᠲᠣᠭ
Yuan dynasty
Died1344
Kingdom of Goryeo
SpouseChungsuk of Goryeo (d.1339)
Chunghye of Goryeo (d.1344)
Posthumous name
粛恭徽寧公主
Princess Sukgong Hwiryeon
ClanBorjigin
FatherAmuga
Princess Gyeonghwa
Hangul
경화공주
Hanja
慶華公主
Revised RomanizationGyeonghwa gongju
McCune–ReischauerKyŏnghwa gongju

BiographyEdit

Mysteries surround Bayankhutag's lineage, but Masahiko Morihira has suggested that she was a sister of Princess Consort Joguk of the Borigin clan who was the wife of King Chungsuk.[2] After her sister's death in 1325, Bayankhutag married her sister's husband, probably between 1330 and 1333.[3]

AssaultEdit

Chungsuk died in 1339, after which Bayankhutag stayed in Goryeo. The Goryeosa records that, during a meal in her apartments one night, her stepson, Chunghye of Goryeo, got drunk and raped her.[4] The next day, Bayankhutag attempted to flee to the Yuan ambassador for help to leave Goryeo, but Chunghye issued a ban on horses in the city, so she could not leave. He then had her imprisoned in Yeongrak Palace (hanja: 永樂宮; Hangul: 영락궁), told the court that she was ill, and posted guards around her apartments.[5] The Yuan emissary eventually visited the palace and insisted that Bayankhutag be released and Chunghye take her as a consort.[6]

As consort, Bayankhutag is recorded to have offered advice in choosing officials in the Yuan Goryeo government.[7] She died in 1344.[8] In 1367, she received her posthumous name from the Yuan dynasty.[2]

Her full posthumous nameEdit

  • Princess Sukgong Hwiryeon
  • 숙공휘령공주
  • 粛恭徽寧公主

FamilyEdit

  1. Chungsuk of Goryeo (30 July 1294 – 3 May 1339) (고려 충숙왕)
  2. Chunghye of Goryeo (22 February 1315 – 30 January 1344) (고려 충혜왕)

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Goryeosa, volume 89.
  2. ^ a b Masahiko (2008), p. 14.
  3. ^ Masahiko (2008), p. 15.
  4. ^ Goryeosa, volume 36.
  5. ^ Goryeosa, volume 131.
  6. ^ Goryeosa, volume 89.
  7. ^ Goryeosa, volume 36.
  8. ^ Goryeosa, volume 37.

Works citedEdit

  • Jeong In-ji (1451). 高麗史 [History of Goryeo] (in Chinese).
  • Masahiko Morihira (森平雅彦) (2008). 高麗王家とモンゴル皇族の通婚関係に閲する覚書 [Memoranda on marriage links between the Goryeo royal clan and Mongolian imperial family] (PDF) (in Japanese). Kyoto University Press.