Chunghye of Goryeo

Chunghye of Goryeo (22 February 1315 – 30 January 1344, r. 1330–1332, 1340–1344), born Wang Jeong (왕정, 王禎), was the 28th king of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea.

Chunghye of Goryeo
高麗 忠惠
고려 충혜
Wang Jeong (왕정)
Crown Prince of Goryeo
Reign1328–1330
Coronation1328
PredecessorCrown Prince Wang Gam
SuccessorCrown Prince Wang Seok
MonarchKing Chungsuk (father)
King of Goryeo
1st reign
Reign1330–1332
Coronation1330
PredecessorChungsuk of Goryeo
SuccessorChungsuk of Goryeo
King of Goryeo
2nd reign
Reign1339–1343
Coronation1339
PredecessorChungsuk of Goryeo
SuccessorChungmok of Goryeo
BornWang Jeong
22 February 1315
Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Died30 January 1344 (1344-01-31) (aged 28)
Yueyang, Yuan Dynasty
Burial
Yeongneung Tomb
Queen Consort
(m. 1330⁠–⁠1344)

(before 1380)
Consort and Concubine
(m. 1342⁠–⁠1344)

(m. 1340; deposed 1343)

(before 1344)
IssueChungmok of Goryeo
Chungjeong of Goryeo
Wang Seokgi
Princess Jangnyeong
Posthumous name
King Heonhyo the Great
헌효대왕
(獻孝大王)
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherChungsuk of Goryeo
MotherQueen Gongwon
ReligionBuddhism
Chunghye of Goryeo
Hangul
충혜왕
Hanja
忠惠王
Revised RomanizationChunghye wang
McCune–ReischauerCh'unghye wang
Birth name
Hangul
왕정
Hanja
王禎
Revised RomanizationWang Jeong
McCune–ReischauerWang Chŏng

BiographyEdit

He was remembered in the Goryeosa for his licentious lifestyle, particularly his habit of abducting, raping, and killing women. King Chunghye was the son of King Chungsuk of Goryeo and Queen Gongwon, a Hong. He is sometimes known by his Mongolian name, Putashiri,[1] which is rendered in hanja as Butapsilri (보탑실리, 寶塔實里).

King Chunghye travelled to Yuan Dynasty China in 1328. In 1330, then-king King Chungsuk petitioned to abdicate the throne, and the emperor sent King Chunghye back to Goryeo to assume the throne. But in the following year, King Chungsuk returned to the throne and King Chunghye returned to China. In 1339, King Chungsuk died. One faction supported the noble Wang Go's claim to the throne, but their attempted coup failed and King Chunghye's reign was restored. King Chunghye's queen was Princess Deoknyeong, who gave birth to King Chungmok.

After his father's death, Chunghye raped one of his father's concubines, Princess Gyeonghwa, who attempted to flee Goryeo. Chunghye imprisoned her in the palace. The Yuan emissary eventually visited the palace to visit Princess Gyeonghwa, who informed him of what had transpired.[2] Then, the Yuan emissary arrested Chunghye and dragged Chunghye to Beijing. Chunghye was dethroned,[3][4]forced to remain in the court of the Yuan Dynasty, and his father reascended the throne of Goryeo.[5]

FamilyEdit

  • Father: Chungsuk of Goryeo (고려 충숙)
  • Mother: Queen Gongwon (공원왕후 홍씨)
    • Grandfather: Hong-Gyu (홍규)
    • Grandmother: Grand Lady of Samhan State of the Gwangju Gim clan (삼한국대부인 광주 김씨)
  • Consorts and their Respective issue(s):
  1. Princess Deoknyeong of the Yuan Borjigin clan (덕녕공주 보르지긴씨; d. 1375)
    1. Crown Prince Wang Heun (태자 왕흔)
    2. Princess Jangnyeong (장녕공주)
  2. Royal Consort Hui of the Papyeong Yun clan (희비 윤씨; d. 1380)
    1. Prince Wang Jeo (왕저)
  3. Royal Consort Hwa of the Namyang Hong clan (화비 홍씨) – No issue.
  4. Princess Euncheon of the Im clan (은천옹주 임씨)
    1. Wang Seok-gi (왕석기)
  5. Bayankhutag, Princess Gyeonghwa (백안홀도 경화공주; d. 1344) – No issue.

In popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 范永聰 (2009). 事大與保國 ── 元明之際的中韓關係 (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). 香港教育圖書公司. p. 58. ISBN 9789882003019.
  2. ^ Jeong In-ji (1451). 高麗史 [History of Goryeo] (in Traditional Chinese). Vol. 89.
  3. ^ Jeong In-ji (1451). 高麗史 [History of Goryeo] (in Traditional Chinese). Vol. 36.
  4. ^ "'기황후'의 실제 주인공 충혜왕…패륜과 막장, 그 비극적 운명 - 머니투데이". 14 June 2014.
  5. ^ "충혜왕". www.doopedia.co.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2022-09-12.
Chunghye of Goryeo
Born: 22 February 1315 Died: 30 January 1344
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Goryeo
1330–1332
Succeeded by
King of Goryeo
1339–1344
Succeeded by