Chunghye of Goryeo

King Chunghye of Goryeo (22 February 1315 – 30 January 1344, r. 1330–1332, 1340–1344) was the 28th king of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea.

King Chunghye of Goryeo
高麗忠惠王
고려 충혜왕
King of Goryeo
(1st reign)
Reign1330 – 1332
PredecessorChungsuk of Goryeo
SuccessorChungsuk of Goryeo
King of Goryeo
(2nd reign)
Reign1339 – 1344
PredecessorChungsuk of Goryeo
SuccessorChungmok of Goryeo
Born22 February 1315
Kingdom of Goryeo
Died30 January 1344 (1344-01-31) (aged 28)
ConsortPrincess Deoknyeong
IssueKing Chungmok of Goryeo
King Chungjeong of Goryeo
Posthumous name
헌효대왕
獻孝大王
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherKing Chungsuk of Goryeo
MotherQueen Gongwon
ReligionBuddhism
Chunghye of Goryeo
Hangul
충혜왕
Hanja
忠惠王
Revised RomanizationChunghye wang
McCune–ReischauerCh'unghye wang

BiographyEdit

He was remembered in the Goryeosa for his licentious lifestyle, particularly his habit of abducting, raping, and killing women. King Chunghye was the son of King Chungsuk of Goryeo and Queen Gongwon, a Hong. He is sometimes known by his Mongolian name, which is rendered in hanja as Botapsilli.

King Chunghye travelled to Yuan Dynasty China in 1328. In 1330, then-king King Chungsuk petitioned to abdicate the throne, and the emperor sent King Chunghye back to Goryeo to assume the throne. But in the following year, King Chungsuk returned to the throne and King Chunghye returned to China. In 1339, King Chungsuk died. One faction supported the noble Wang Go's claim to the throne, but their attempted coup failed and King Chunghye's reign was restored. King Chunghye's queen was Princess Deoknyeong, who gave birth to King Chungmok.

After his father's death, Chunghye raped one of his father's concubines, Princess Gyeonghwa, who attempted to flee Goryeo. Chunghye imprisoned her in the palace. The Yuan emissary eventually visited the palace to visit Princess Gyeonghwa, who informed him of what had transpired.[1] Then, the Yuan emissary arrested Chunghye and dragged Chunghye to Beijing. Chunghye was ordered guilty.[2][3]

FamilyEdit

  1. Princess Consort Deoknyeong of the Borjigin clan (? – 1375) (덕녕공주)
    1. King Chungmok of Goryeo (15 May 1337 – 25 December 1348) (고려 충목왕)
    2. Princess Jangnyeong (장녕공주)
  2. Royal Consort Hee-Bi of the Papyeong Yun clan (? – 1380) (희비 윤씨)
    1. King Chungjeong of Goryeo (1338 – 23 March 1352) (고려 충정왕)
  3. Princess Euncheon of the Im clan (은천옹주 임씨)
    1. Wang Seok-Gi (1341 – 1375) (왕석기)
  4. Bayankhutag of the Borjigin clan, Princess Gyeonghwa (? –1344) (경화공주)[4]
  5. Royal Consort Hwa-Bi of the Namyang Hong clan (화비 홍씨)

In popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jeong In-ji (1451). 高麗史 [History of Goryeo] (in Chinese). 89.
  2. ^ Jeong In-ji (1451). 高麗史 [History of Goryeo] (in Chinese). 36.
  3. ^ https://news.mt.co.kr/mtview.php?no=2014061218537594424
  4. ^ Formerly a consort of Chunghye's father, King Chungsuk.
Chunghye of Goryeo
Born: 22 February 1315 Died: 30 January 1344
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King Chungsuk
King of Goryeo
1330–1332
Succeeded by
King Chungsuk
King of Goryeo
1339–1344
Succeeded by
King Chungmok