Kyoto University (京都大学 Kyōto daigaku), or Kyodai (京大 Kyōdai) is a national university in Kyoto, Japan. It is the second oldest Japanese university, one of Asia's highest ranked universities and one of Japan's National Seven Universities. One of Asia’s leading research-oriented institutions, Kyoto University is famed for producing world-class researchers, including nine to thirteen Nobel Prize laureates, two Fields medalists and one Gauss Prize winner.
Motto in English
|Freedom of academic culture|
|Established||Founded Jun. 18, 1897|
|Endowment||¥ 250.2 billion (2.2 billion USD)|
|2,864 (Teaching Staff)|
|5,397 (Total Staff)|
|Location||Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan
135 ha (333 acres)
|Athletics||48 varsity teams|
|Affiliations||Kansai Big Six, ASAIHL|
Kyoto University's forerunner was the Chemistry School (舎密局 Seimi-kyoku) founded in Osaka in 1869, which, despite its name, taught physics as well. (舎密 is a transcription of a Dutch word chemie.) Later, the Third Higher School (第三髙等學校 Daisan-kōtō-gakkō) was established in the place of Seimi-kyoku in 1886, it then transferred to the university's present main campus in the same year.
Kyoto Imperial University (京都帝國大學 Kyōto-teikoku-daigaku) as a part of the Imperial University system was established on June 18, 1897, using the Third Higher School's buildings. The higher school moved to a patch of land across the street, where the Yoshida South Campus stands today. In the same year of the university's establishment, the College of Science and Technology was founded. The College of Law and the College of Medicine were founded in 1899, the College of Letters in 1906, expanding the university's activities to areas outside natural science.
After World War II, the current Kyoto University was established by merging the imperial university and the Third Higher School, which assumed the duty of teaching liberal arts as the Faculty of Liberal Arts (教養部 Kyōyō-bu). The faculty was dissolved with the foundation of the Faculty of Integrated Human Studies (総合人間学部 Sōgō-ningen-gakubu) in 1992.
Kyoto University has since 2004 been incorporated as a national university corporation under a new law which applies to all national universities.
Yoshida Campus is the main campus, with some laboratories located in Uji. The Graduate School of Engineering is currently under process of moving to the newly built Katsura Campus.
The university has about 22,000 students enrolled in its undergraduate and graduate programs.
- Faculty of Integrated Human Studies
- Faculty of Letters
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Economics
- Faculty of Science
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Agriculture
- Graduate School of Letters
- Graduate School of Education
- Graduate School of Law
- Graduate School of Economics
- Graduate School of Science
- Graduate School of Medicine
- Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
- Graduate School of Engineering
- Graduate School of Agriculture
- Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies
- Graduate School of Energy Science
- Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies
- Graduate School of Informatics
- Graduate School of Biostudies
- Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies
- School of Government
- Graduate School of Management
- Kyoto University Law School (Japanese Text Only)
- Kyoto University School of Public Health
Kyoto University promotes itself as an academic institution fostering a "spirit of freedom." The university claims ten Nobel Laureates and two Fields Medalists among its faculty and alumni. The university is also known as the starting point for the Kyoto School philosophical movement.
Notable research institutes and facilitiesEdit
Kyodai is one of the most prestigious universities in Japan. It can be seen in the several rankings such as shown below. The Academic Ranking of World Universities ranked the Kyoto University as follows:
The Times Higher Education ranked the Kyoto University as follows:
The URAP ranked the Kyoto University as follows:
|Toyo Keizai National||General||3|
|T. Reuters National||Research||2|
(Asian Ranking version)
|Social Sciences & Humanities|
|BE Success National||Qualification||4|
|BE Pass rate National||Qualification||4|
BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT
|Eduni MBA National||General||5|
|Eduni MBA World||General||124|
|Natural Sciences & Technology|
BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY
PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY
|* T. Reuters World rankings include non-educational institutions|
The university was ranked 3rd in 2008 and 2010 in the ranking "Truly Strong Universities" by Toyo Keizai. In another ranking, Japanese prep school Kawaijuku ranked Kyodai as the 2nd best university in Japan.
Kyodai is also one of the top universities in the world. The following rankings are the example of Kyodai's ranking positions in the world rankings.
- Kyoto University was ranked 24th in the world in the 2010 Academic Ranking of World Universities
- 11th worldwide in the Global University Ranking.
- A human competitiveness index and analysis by the Human Resources & Labor Review, and published in Chasecareer Network, ranked the university 24th internationally and 2nd in Asia for 2010.
- QS World University Rankings in 2011 placed Kyoto University 32nd overall in the world, one behind University of Melbourne, seven places lower than the previous year.
- The 2011 QS Asian Rankings make Kyoto University the seventh highest ranked university in Asia, the highest being The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.
Kyodai is usually considered as one of the top research institution in Japan. In fact, the 2nd largest amount of investment from Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research, which is the national grants program for research institutions.
This financial support from the Japanese government has a direct effect on Kyodai's research outcomes. According to Thomson Reuters, Kyodai is the 1st best research university in Japan. Its research excellence is especially distinctive in Chemistry (1st in Japan, 4th in the world), Biology & Biochemistry (2nd in Japan, 23rd in the world), Pharmacology & Toxicology (2nd in Japan,30 in the world), Immunology (3rd in Japan, 25th in the world), Material Science (4th in Japan, 22nd in the world), and Physics (4th in Japan, 25th in the world).
In another ranking, Nikkei Shimbun on 2004/2/16 surveyed about the research standards in Engineering studies based on Thomson Reuters, Grants in Aid for Scientific Research and questionnaires to the heads of 93 leading Japanese Research Centers. Kyodai was placed in the 10th position (research planning ability 6th) in this ranking.
Kyodai also has a high research standard in Social Sciences & Humanities. Repec in January 2011 ranked Kyodai's Institute of Economic Research as Japan's 3rd best economic research institution. Kyodai has provided 6 presidents of the Japanese Economic Association in its 42-year history, which is the 3rd largest number.
Graduate school rankingsEdit
Kyodai alumni are distinctively successful in Japanese industries such as shown below.
According to the Weekly Economist's 2010 rankings, graduates from Kyodai have the 10th best employment rate in 400 major companies in Japan. However, it has to be noted that this lower ranking position is because of the large number of alumni who become government bureaucrats, which is 2nd largest among Japanese universities. In fact, alumni of Kyodai's average salary is the 5th best in Japan, according to the PRESIDENT.
Mines ParisTech : Professional Ranking World Universities ranks Kyodai as 5th in the world in 2011 in terms of the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies.
Popularity and selectivityEdit
Kyoto University competes in 48 sports. The university is a member of the Kansai Big Six Baseball League.
Members of the university's American football team, the Kyoto University Gangsters, were arrested in 2006 for gang rape, which had been recently added to the Penal Code in January 2005 following the Super Free rape controversy. The three students had forced a female university student to drink liquor to the point of unconsciousness, at which point they gang-raped her. They were all convicted.
- Ten alumni or faculty of Kyoto University have received the Nobel Prize:
- Hideki Yukawa - winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1949; he became the first Japanese to win the Nobel prize
- Shinichiro Tomonaga - winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965
- Kenichi Fukui - winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1981
- Susumu Tonegawa - winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1987
- Aung San Suu Kyi - winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991
- Ryōji Noyori - winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2001
- Makoto Kobayashi - winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2008
- Toshihide Masukawa - winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2008
- Shinya Yamanaka - winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2012
- Isamu Akasaki - winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2014
- Two alumni of Kyoto University have received the Fields Medal:
- Heisuke Hironaka - mathematician, Fields Medalists in 1970
- Shigefumi Mori - mathematician, Fields Medalists in 1990
Graduates of Kyoto University including Nobel laureates, Japanese politicians, philosophers, economists, and scientists.
- "Kyoto University: 2008/2009 Facts and Figures" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- "Historical Sketch". About Kyoto University. Kyoto University. 2004. Retrieved 2007-07-17.[dead link]
- Organizations with ties to CCEP CCEP, accessed 2011-03-19
- "Departments". Kyoto University.
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- "Truly Strong Universities" (in Japanese). Toyo Keizai. 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- "Kawai 30 Top Japanese Universities". Kawaijuku. 2001. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- "Thomson Reuters 20 Top research institutions in Japan". Thomson Reuters. 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011. (this raking includes 5 non-educational institutions)
- "Employment rate in 400 major companies rankings" (in Japanese). Weekly Economist. 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- "Nikkei BP Brand rankings of Japanese universities" (in Japanese). Nikkei Business Publications. 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- "GBUDU University Rankings" (in Japanese). YELL books. 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2017. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- "THE World University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2018. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2018. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- "ENSMP World University Rankings" (PDF). École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris. 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- Asahi Shimbun University rankings 2010 "Publification rankings in Law (Page 4)" (PDF) (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "Bar Exam Successful Applicants rankings" (in Japanese). Shikaku Seek. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "Bar Exam Pass rate rankings" (in Japanese). Shikaku Seek. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "Top 25% Institutions and Economists in Japan, as of January 2011". REPEC. 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "Business School Ranking in Japan". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "University and business school ranking in 5 palms (Top100)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
"University and business school ranking in 4 palms (Top101-300)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
"University and business school ranking in 3 palms (Top301-696)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
"University and business school ranking in 2 palms (Top697-896)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "Kawaijuku japanese universities rankings in Engineering field" (in Japanese). Kawaijuku. 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- "QS topuniversities world rankings in Engineering field". Topuniversities. 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- "Thomson Reuters 10 Top research institutions by subject in Japan" (in Japanese). Thomson Reuters. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "ARWU in Mathematics". Shanghai Jiaotong University. 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
-  Archived October 23, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
-  Archived May 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- "QS World University Rankings - 2011". Top Universities. 2012-12-19. Archived from the original on October 1, 2011. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
- "Thomson Reuters 20 Top research institutions in Japan" (in Japanese). Thomson Reuters. (this raking includes non-educational institutions)
- "大学工学部研究力調査（04.2.22）". Homepage3.nifty.com. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
- "Within Country and State Rankings at IDEAS: Japan". Ideas.repec.org. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
- "Japanese Economic Association - JEA Global Site". Jeaweb.org. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
- "2010年(平成22年)新司法試験法科大学院別合格率ランキング -法科大学院seek". Laws.shikakuseek.com. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
- "University and business school ranking in Japan". Eduniversal-ranking.com. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
- "Employment rate in 400 major companies rankings" (in Japanese). Weekly Economist. 2011. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.
- "図録▽大学ランキング：国家公務員試験合格者数". .ttcn.ne.jp. 2011-01-19. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
- 大学偏差値情報局 at 02:51 - TrackBack(0) - 就職に強い大学ランキング (1999-02-22). "年収偏差値・給料偏差値ランキング（2006・10・16）：稼げる大学はどれ？". Hensachi-ranking.seesaa.net. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
- Private universities apply different kind of exams. Thus it's only comparable between universities in a same category.
- e.g. Yoyogi seminar published Hensachi (the indication showing the entrance difficulties by prep schools) rankings "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 22, 2011. Retrieved 2016-07-29.
- Japanese journalist Kiyoshi Shimano ranks its entrance difficulty as SA (most selective/out of 10 scales) in Japan. 危ない大学・消える大学 2012年版 (in Japanese). YELL books. 2011. ISBN 4-7539-3018-1.
- Mohan, Geoffrey (2013-06-12). "Even babies prefer the underdog, psychologists say". latimes.com. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
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