Sakyō-ku, Kyoto

Sakyō-ku (左京区, Sakyō-ku) is one of the eleven wards in the city of Kyoto, in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.

Sakyō

左京区
Ward of Kyoto
Kyoto International Conference Center
Location of Sakyō-ku in Kyoto
Location of Sakyō-ku in Kyoto
Sakyō is located in Japan
Sakyō
Sakyō
Location of Sakyō-ku in Japan
Coordinates: 35°2′55″N 135°46′42″E / 35.04861°N 135.77833°E / 35.04861; 135.77833Coordinates: 35°2′55″N 135°46′42″E / 35.04861°N 135.77833°E / 35.04861; 135.77833
Founded1929
Area
 • Total246.77 km2 (95.28 sq mi)
Highest elevation
971 m (3,186 ft)
Lowest elevation
40 m (130 ft)
Population
 (October 1, 2015)
 • Total168,266
 • Estimate 
(2016)
168,497
 • Density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Websitewww.city.kyoto.lg.jp/sakyo/
This ukiyo-e by Hiroshige shows Yase, a village now in Sakyō-ku, during the Edo period.

HistoryEdit

The meaning of sakyō (左京) is "on the Emperor's left." When residing in the Kyoto Imperial Palace the emperor would sit facing south, thus the eastern direction would be to his left. Similarly, there is a ward to the west called Ukyō-ku (右京区), meaning "the ward on the Emperor's right." In old times, sakyō was referring to the eastern part of the capital, but the present Sakyō-ku is bounded to the west by the Kamo River and is thus outside the historical capital.

It was created in 1929 when it was split off from Kamigyō-ku.

GeographyEdit

It is located in the north-east corner of Kyoto city. In the east, it borders the city of Ōtsu in Shiga Prefecture. In the south Sanjō Street separates it from Higashiyama-ku and Yamashina-ku. In the north, it borders the city of Nantan in Kyoto Prefecture and Takashima in Shiga Prefecture. In central Kyoto, the Kamo River flows on the western border of this ward.

Areas like Iwakura [ja] have been designated urbanization control areas, where large-scale exploitation and erection of tall buildings is restricted. Many rice fields remain in this area. The northern part of Sakyō-ku is mountainous and has a thriving forest industry.

The large streets Kawabata [ja], Higashiōji [ja] and Shirakawa [ja] run from south to north. The train station Demachiyanagi is the terminal for both the Keihan railway with trains running south to Osaka, and the Eizan railway running north to Yase [ja] and Kurama.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1930 97,448—    
1940 127,571+30.9%
1950 152,148+19.3%
1960 177,692+16.8%
1970 188,434+6.0%
1980 185,645−1.5%
1990 173,282−6.7%
2000 171,556−1.0%
2010 168,802−1.6%
2015 168,266−0.3%
Source: [1]

SightsEdit

Famous places located inside Sakyō-ku include Ginkaku-ji, Nanzen-ji, Kamo Shrine, Heian Shrine, and Hōnen-in.

In the northern parts are Kuramadera, Kifunejinja, Sanzen-in, the ruins of a house where Iwakura Tomomi was imprisoned, the Shugakuin Imperial Villa and Manshuin Temple, and the Kyoto International Conference Hall where the Kyoto Protocol was adopted.

Sakyō-ku also contains the Kyoto Botanical Garden and several of the mountains lit up during the yearly Gozan no Okuribi festival, including the main Daimonji-yama.

The South Korean government maintains the Korea Education Institution (Korean: 교토한국교육원, Japanese: 京都韓国教育院) in Sakyō-ku.[1]

EducationEdit

In the southern part there are many residential areas and schools. For example, the main campus of Kyoto University is located here, as is Kyoto Institute of Technology and Kyoto Seika University.

The Kyoto Korean Junior High-High School, a North Korean school, is in the ward.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Home". Korea Education Institution. Retrieved 2020-05-16. 住所 (〒) 606-0802 京都市左京区下鴨宮崎町119
  2. ^ Home page. Kyoto Korean Junior High-High School. Retrieved on 14 October 2015. "京都朝鮮中高級学校 〒606-8282 京都府京都市左京区北白川外山町1"

External linksEdit

  Media related to Sakyō-ku, Kyoto at Wikimedia Commons