National Taiwan University
National Taiwan University (NTU; Chinese: 國立臺灣大學; pinyin: Guólì Táiwān Dàxué; colloquially, 台大; Táidà) is a national university in Taipei City, Taiwan. Considered the most prestigious university in Taiwan and one of the top ranked universities in the world, it consists of 11 colleges, 54 departments, 107 graduate institutes and four research centers.
Seal of the National Taiwan University
|Taihoku Imperial University|
|Motto||敦品勵學，愛國愛人 Dūnpǐn Lìxué, àiguó àirén|
Motto in English
|Integrity, Diligence, Fidelity, Compassion|
|President||Kuan Chung-ming (elect) (管中閔)|
|Location||Taipei City, Taiwan
1.6 km2 (0.62 sq mi) (Greater Taipei combined);
344 km2 (133 sq mi) (Nantou County combined)
|Colors||Maroon and gold |
EUTW, Service-Learning Asia Network
|National Taiwan University|
|Taihoku Imperial University|
The University was founded in 1928 during Japanese rule as one of the Imperial Universities, the Taihoku Imperial University. As an Imperial University, it is older than Imperial Osaka University and Nagoya University. After World War II, Taiwan's government resumed the administration of the University, reorganizing and renaming it National Taiwan University on November 15, 1945.
Notable alumni include Tsai Ing-Wen, the current President of the Republic of China, former presidents Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian and Ma Ying-jeou, and Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate Yuan T. Lee. NTU is affiliated with National Taiwan Normal University and National Taiwan University of Science and Technology as part of the NTU System.
In 2016, there were 16,499 undergraduate and 15,284 graduate students.
National Taiwan University has its origins in the Taihoku Imperial University (Japanese: 臺北帝國大學 Hepburn: Taihoku Teikoku Daigaku) founded in 1928 during Japanese rule as a member of the imperial university system administered by the Empire of Japan.
The school's first president was Taira Shidehara. The Taihoku Imperial University began with a Faculty of Liberal Arts and Law and a Faculty of Science and Agriculture serving 60 students. The University was intended mainly for Japanese nationals; few Taiwanese students were admitted. The Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Engineering were added in 1935 and 1943, respectively.
After World War II, the Republic of China (Taiwan) government reorganized the school as an institution for Chinese-speaking students. The school was renamed National Taiwan University on 15 November 1945 and Lo Tsung-lo was appointed as its president. The Literature and Politics division was divided into the College of Liberal Arts and the College of Law. Additionally, colleges of Science, Medicine, Engineering and Agriculture were established. Initially, there were six colleges with 22 departments. In 1945, student enrollment was 585.
In 1960, the night school was initiated on a trial basis, and in 1967 a new night school was established. In 1987, the College of Management was established, followed by the College of Public Health in 1993 and the College of Electrical Engineering in 1997. The College of Electrical Engineering was later reorganized as the College of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering. In 1999, the College of Law was renamed the College of Social Sciences, and the Night Division and the Center for Continuing Education were combined to form the School for Professional and Continuing Studies. In 2002, the College of Agriculture was renamed the College of Bio-resources and Agriculture, and in 2002 a College of Life Sciences was added.
Kuan Chung-ming was named university president in January 2018.
The University has 11 colleges, with 54 departments and 107 graduate institutes, plus four university-level research centers. The total number of students, including those enrolled at the School of Professional and Continuing Studies, has grown to over 33,000, including over 17,000 university students and 15,000 graduate students.
The president heads the University. Each college is headed by a dean, and each department by a chairman. Students elect their own representatives each year to attend administrative meetings.
- Presidents of Taihoku Imperial University
- Taira Shidehara (幣原坦): March 1928 – September 1937
- Sadanori Mita (三田定則): September 1937 – April 1941
- Masatsugu Ando (安藤正次): April 1941 – March 1945
- Kazuo Ando (安藤一雄): March 1945 – August 1945
- Presidents of National Taiwan University
- Lo Tsung-lo (羅宗洛): August 1945 – July 1946
- Lu Chih-houng (陸志鴻): August 1946 – May 1948
- Chuang Chang-kung (莊長恭): June 1948 – December 1948
- Fu Szu-nien (傅斯年): January 1949 – December 1950
- Shen Kang-po (沈剛伯): December 1950 – January 1951
- Chien Szu-liang (錢思亮): January 1951 – May 1970
- Yen Cheng-hsing (閻振興): June 1970 – July 1981
- Yu Chao-chung (虞兆中): August 1981 – July 1984
- Sun Chen (孫震): August 1984 – February 1993
- Kou Guang-hsiung (郭光雄): March 1993 – July 1993
- Chen Wei-Jao (陳維昭): August 1993 – June 2005
- Lee Si-Chen (李嗣涔): August 2005 – June 2013
- Yang Pan-Chyr (楊泮池): June 2013 – June 2016
- Kuan Chung-ming (管中閔): 1 February 2018
The University comprises 11 colleges: Liberal Arts, Engineering, Science, Social Sciences, Law, Bio-Resources & Agriculture, Management, Public Health, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, Medicine, and Life Science. NTU offers bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and doctorate degrees in many disciplines.
NTU requires most of its undergraduate students to take a mandatory core curriculum, comprising Chinese, freshman English, physical education, and public service. The medical school in addition dictates each of its students to take philosophy and sociology classes as well as seminars in ethics and thanatology. Military training is no longer an obligatory course for male students, but it is a prerequisite if they plan to apply to become officers during their compulsory military service.
Students are able to select courses offered by any of the colleges; however, compulsory subjects designated for each major needs to be completed to be awarded a degree. A student must declare a major during college application, some majors are more competitive than others and require a higher national examination score. In recent years, medicine, electrical engineering, law, and finance have been the most selective majors. Most majors take four years to complete while the dental and the medical degree take six and seven years to finish, respectively.
NTU also participates in several programs of the Taiwan International Graduate Program of Academia Sinica, Taiwan's most preeminent academic research institution.
NTU has a main campus in Da'an District, Taipei City and has additional campuses in Taipei, New Taipei City, Hsinchu County, Yunlin County, and Nantou County. The main campus is home to most college department buildings and administrative buildings. The University governs farms, forests, and hospitals for education and research purposes.
The five campuses are:
- Main Campus (113 hectares, located in Da'an District, Taipei)
- Shuiyuan Campus (7.7 hectares, located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei)
- College of Medicine Campus (located in Zhongzheng District)
- Yunlin Campus (54 hectares, located in Yunlin County)
- Zhubei Campus (22 hectares, located in Hsinchu County)
Other university propertyEdit
- Visiting professor residences (34 hectares, located on Yangmingshan, Taipei)
- University Farm (19.5 hectares, located in Xindian District, New Taipei City)
- Wenshan Botanical Garden (5 hectares, located in Shiding District, New Taipei City)
- Highland Experimental Farm (1,019 hectares, located in Nantou County)
- Experimental Forest Office (25.9 hectares, located in Nantou County)
- Experimental Forest (33,310 hectares, located in Nantou County)
NTU is widely considered the best university in Taiwan. The QS World University Rankings (2016–2017) placed it at 68th worldwide and 21st in Asia. Meanwhile, NTU ranked 195th in the world (2017) and 15th in Asia (2016) in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. CWUR placed NTU 53rd in the world and 1st in Taiwan in 2016. U.S. News & World Report, in its 2017 ranking of Best Global Universities, ranked NTU 144th (tied) in the world and 14th in Asia. With other peering references of academic ranking, NTU also releases NTU World Universities ranking annually on the Double Ten Day, the National Holiday of Republic of China.
NTU has produced many notable alumni. Tsai Ing-Wen, the current President of the Republic of China (Taiwan), as well as former presidents Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian and Ma Ying-jeou, all graduated from NTU. Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate Yuan T. Lee received his Bachelor of Science from the University.
- as Taihoku Imperial University
- "University Motto". National Taiwan University. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- "NTU at a Glance". National Taiwan University. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
- "Service-Learning Asia Network Members Directory". Lingnan University. Lingnan University. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
- "Office of International Affairs, NTU". National Taiwan University. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- "About NTU"
- "Colleges & Departments - Academics - National Taiwan University". National Taiwan University. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- "About ICLP". ICLP of National Taiwan University. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "QS World University Rankings 2016-2017". Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- "Times Higher Education World University Rankings".
- "National Taiwan University Ranking CWUR 2016". Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- "National Taiwan University in Taiwan US News Best Global Universities". Retrieved 23 February 2017.