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Xindian District (Chinese: 新店; pinyin: Xīndiàn Qū) is an inner city district in the southern part of New Taipei City, Taiwan.

Xindian

新店區

Sindian, Sintien, Hsintien, Hsin-tien
Xindian District
Xindian skyline
Xindian skyline
Location of Xindian within New Taipei City
Location of Xindian within New Taipei City
Coordinates: 24°57′N 121°32′E / 24.950°N 121.533°E / 24.950; 121.533
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
RegionNorthern Taiwan
Special municipalityNew Taipei City
Area
 • Total120.2255 km2 (46.4193 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2016)
 • Total300,283
 • Density2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
Postal code
231
Websitehttp://www.xindian.ntpc.gov.tw/
Xindian District
Chinese新店區

NameEdit

Xindian's name originated during the Qing Dynasty close to 300 years ago. According to legend, a person named Lin and others came from Quanzhou, Fujian Province. On a mountain road leading to Wulai, they built a small cabin and opened a store selling groceries and for the exchange of goods with mountain aborigines. Since the store had no formal name, travelers called it Sintiam (Chinese: 新店; pinyin: Xīndiàn; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Sin-tiàm; literally: 'new store').

An area usually not considered as part of Xindian is Ankeng (安坑), although it is within the jurisdiction of the city, located in a valley on the west side of the Xindian Creek. It was originally called Amkhe'ar (暗坑仔; Ànkēngzǎi; Àm-kheⁿ-á; 'dark/secret gorge'), due to luxurious vegetation in the area. However, it was later decided to be indecent and the name was changed to Ankeng (安坑; Ānkēng; An-kheⁿ; 'peaceful gorge').

HistoryEdit

Empire of JapanEdit

In 1920, during the period of Japanese rule, the area was established as Shinten/Shinden Town (Japanese: 新店街), Bunsan District, Taihoku Prefecture.

Republic of ChinaEdit

The Kuomintang government moved the seat of government (in exile) of Fujian Province to Xindian from 1956 to 1996.[citation needed] Although in 1980, it was still underdeveloped, the four-lane Zhongxing Road helped to develop the city. Areas south of Xiaobitan are still farmland. After the second National Highway opened, parks along Xiaobitan and Xindian Creek gave way to development. With the opening of the Taipei Metro, more commercial development and businesses have come into the area. In 2004 when the Tzu Chi Hospital branch opened, a new road was constructed to deal with traffic.

Originally established as urban township of Taipei County, Xindian was upgraded to a county-administered city on 15 January 1980. After Taipei County was upgraded to New Taipei City on 25 December 2010, Xindian City became a district.

GeographyEdit

 
Map including Xindian (labeled as Hsin-tien (Shinten) 新店) (1954)

Xindian is located on the south side of the Taipei Basin, mainly on the plains between the Xindian Creek, its tributaries, and the mountains (the Xueshan Range). The Nanshi River merges with the Beishi River in Xindian, forming the Xindian Creek, one of the major tributaries of the Tamsui River. The Xindian Creek generally flows from south to north, dividing the city into east and west sides of the creek. Although the western side (Ankeng) covers a larger area, residential, administrative, commercial, and transportation centers are all on the eastern side of the creek at Dapinglin (大坪林). Population distribution in the Ankeng region is mainly concentrated in the southeastern hillside residential communities.

The district is located in southern New Taipei City. To the north is the Wenshan District of Taipei City and the Jingmei River, to the east it borders the district of Shiding, to the south it borders the district of Wulai, and to the west it borders the district of Sanxia.[1] Compared to other districts in New Taipei City, Xindian is more influenced by Taipei City; many public projects including the Taipei Metro, The Xiaobitan Branch Line and Xindian Line in this district. five stations of which are located in the city: Xiaobitan, Dapinglin, Qizhang, Xindian District Office and Xindian and the Feitsui Dam are in the district.

Xindian has many traditional markets that have decades of history. The Taipei County Police Department has ten divisions in Xindian.[citation needed]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Xindian is divided into 69 villages (里), then further divided in 1,447 neighborhoods (鄰).

Government agenciesEdit

EducationEdit

UniversitiesEdit

Vocational schoolsEdit

High schoolsEdit

Junior high schoolsEdit

  • Da Guan Junior High School
  • An Kang High School
  • Chi Jen Private High School (Private)
  • Our Lady Of Providence Girls' High School (Private)
  • Kang Chiao International School (Private)
  • Wenshan Junior High School
  • Wu Feng Junior High School

Elementary schoolEdit

  • Sindian Elementary School
  • Jhihtan Elementary School
  • Gueishan Elementary School
  • Chung Cheng Elementary School
  • Qing-Tan Elementary School
  • Da-Feng Elementary School
  • Quchi Elementary School
  • Ankeng Elementary School
  • Shuangcheng Elementary School
  • Beihsin Elementary School
  • Shuang Feng Elementary School
  • Hsin He Elementary School
  • Kang Chiao International School (Private)
  • Da Guan Elementary School

Tourist attractionsEdit

 
The Bitan Bridge in Xindian.

TransportationEdit

 
Residential buildings on a hillside.

Sister citiesEdit

Notable nativesEdit

GalleriesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "轄區簡介". 臺北縣新店市戶政事務所. June 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
  2. ^ "Climbing into history at Lion's Head Mountain". The China Post. 2008-04-10. Archived from the original on 2011-06-12. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
  3. ^ "Xindian, Taiwan - Sister City - Tavares, FL - Official Website". www.tavares.org. Archived from the original on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2018.

External linksEdit