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Nanyang Technological University

The Nanyang Technological University (NTU) is an autonomous research university in Singapore. NTU is consistently ranked amongst the world's best universities in all of the major college and university rankings and is regarded as one of the top universities in the world.[5][6] In the 2019 QS World University Rankings, NTU is ranked 12th in the world and 2nd in Asia.[7]

Nanyang Technological University
Universiti Teknologi Nanyang  (Malay)
南洋理工大学 (Chinese)
நன்யாங் தொழில்நுட்ப பல்கலைக்கழகம் (Tamil)
Nanyang Technological University coat of arms vector.svg
Former names
Nanyang Technological Institute (1981-1991)
Type Autonomous university[1]
Established 1981 (Nanyang Technological Institute)
1991 (Nanyang Technological University)
Endowment S$2.3 billion (US$1.8 billion)[2]
Chancellor President Halimah Yacob
President Professor Subra Suresh
Provost Professor Ling San
Academic staff
1,660[3]
Administrative staff
5,647[3]
Undergraduates 24,300
Postgraduates 8,900
Location Jurong West, Singapore
1°20′41″N 103°40′53″E / 1.34472°N 103.68139°E / 1.34472; 103.68139Coordinates: 1°20′41″N 103°40′53″E / 1.34472°N 103.68139°E / 1.34472; 103.68139
Campus 2.0 km2 (0.77 sq mi)[4]
Colours     
    
Affiliations WA, ASAIHL, AUN, ACU, DAAD, Global Alliance of Technological Universities
Website www.ntu.edu.sg
Nanyang Technological University.svg
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 南洋理工大學
Simplified Chinese 南洋理工大学
Malay name
Malay Universiti Teknologi Nanyang
Tamil name
Tamil நன்யாங் தொழில்நுடப் பல்கலைக்கழகம்

The University has over 33000 students.[8][9] It is organised into eight colleges and schools. They are the College of Engineering, College of Science, College of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, Nanyang Business School, and the Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, which was set up jointly with the Imperial College London. NTU is also home to several autonomous institutions including the National Institute of Education, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Interdisciplinary Graduate School, Earth Observatory of Singapore, Singapore Centre on Environmental Life Sciences Engineering, Institute on Asian Consumer Insight, and the College of Professional and Continuing Education. NTU's strongest faculties are in engineering and business. The NTU College of Engineering was ranked 2nd and 4th in the world by both the Academic Ranking of World Universities[10] and QS World University Rankings respectively,[11] and 1st in Singapore. NTU's Nanyang Business School is Singapore's top business school, having emerged 24th globally (1st in Singapore) in the Financial Times ranking[12] and 1st in Singapore for 13 consecutive years in The Economist rankings.[13]

The university's main campus covers 200 hectares (490 acres) of land, making it the largest university campus in Singapore.[14] The primary campus grounds are located in the western part of Singapore, along 50 Nanyang Avenue. NTU also has two other campuses, one in Novena and another at one-north.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Nanyang University (1955–1980)Edit

In 1955, prior to Singapore's independence from the British, Nanyang University was established south of the current Nanyang Technological University campus, with the centre of the present Yunnan Garden as its heart. Its administration building currently houses the Chinese Heritage Centre, a national monument.

Nanyang Technological Institute (1981–1991)Edit

In 1980, Nanyang University merged with the University of Singapore to form the current National University of Singapore. In complement, Nanyang Technological Institute (NTI), a tertiary institution affiliated to the National University of Singapore, was formed to take over Nanyang University's campus in 1981.[15][16]

Nanyang Technological Institute (NTI) was set up on 1 August 1981 with a charter to train three-quarters of Singapore’s engineers.

When NTI started in 1982, it had a total student population of 582 in three engineering disciplines – civil and structural, electrical and electronic, and mechanical and production engineering. By 1990, the institute’s undergraduate student population had grown to 6,832. The first two graduate students were admitted in 1986.

Three engineering schools were added, and the School of Accountancy from the National University of Singapore was transferred to NTI in 1987. A school of applied science was also started. In 1990, the government announced that the Institute of Education would be merged with the College of Physical Education to form the National Institute of Education and that it would be part of the new NTU upon its establishment in 1991.

Present formEdit

In 1991, NTI merged with the National Institute of Education (NIE) (founded in 1950) to form the Nanyang Technological University (NTU). The alumni rolls of the former Nanyang University were transferred to NTU in 1996. Historically, Nanyang Technological University admitted students jointly with the affiliated National University of Singapore and charged the same fees. Students made only one application and they would be accepted by either university. This arrangement ended in 2004 as both universities began to distinguish themselves with an end of its official affiliation. Currently, students apply separately to both universities.[15][16]

NTU became autonomous in 2006 and stands as one of the two largest public universities in Singapore today.[17]

University rankingsEdit

University rankings
Global
ARWU World[18] 115
Times World[20] 52
USNWR World[21] 55
QS World[19] 12
Regional
Times Asia[23] 4
QS Asia[22] 1

QS World University Rankings

NTU has been ranked 11th in the world and 1st in Asia in the latest 2018 QS World University Rankings.[24] The QS Asia University Rankings 2018 ranked NTU 1st in Asia, displacing NUS which dropped to 2nd place.[25] NTU also came in overall 1st in the world in the ranking of young universities for four consecutive years in the QS Top 50 Under 50 rankings from 2015 to 2018.[26] In 2011, NTU became the first university in Asia to receive the maximum five stars under the QS Stars evaluation system, and the only one in Singapore to date.[27]

QS World University Rankings by Broad Subject Area and Specific Subject

In 2017, NTU's Engineering and Technology was ranked 4th in the world and 1st in Asia by the QS World University Rankings by Broad Subject Area - Engineering and Technology 2017. NTU also has a research citation that is among the top four in the world, with its research output being ranked among the top three universities globally in Engineering by Essential Science Indicators of Thomson Reuters.[28] In the 2017 QS World University Rankings by Broad Subject Area, NTU is ranked 22nd in the world for Social Sciences and Management for three consecutive years. Social Sciences and Management includes the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Business School and School of Social Sciences.[29] In the field of Natural Sciences, NTU's College of Science is ranked 17th in the world, a drop of 2 places from the previous year, while Arts & Humanities (consisting of the School of Humanities and School of Art, Design and Media) is ranked 51st globally, a drop of 6 places from the previous year.

In the recent QS World University Rankings by Subject published on 8 March 2017, NTU had 19 subjects in the world's top 50, with two subjects in the global top 10. It also came in first in Asia for Materials Science and Electronic Engineering.


Notable alumniEdit

Public service and civil societyEdit

InternationalEdit

SingaporeEdit

People's Action PartyEdit

Workers Party of SingaporeEdit

Singapore Democratic PartyEdit

National Solidarity PartyEdit

Business and technologyEdit

Academia and researchEdit

Arts and humanitiesEdit

Media and entertainmentEdit

SportsEdit

Notable facultyEdit

Medicine, science and engineeringEdit

Humanities and social sciencesEdit

Business and technologyEdit

Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and InformationEdit

S. Rajaratnam School of International StudiesEdit

ControversiesEdit

Renaming controversyEdit

Although NTU occupies the grounds of the former Nanyang University (NU), and has a similar name, it is not a direct continuation of that institution. In 1980, the Government of Singapore forcibly merged Nanyang University with the University of Singapore to form the present-day National University of Singapore (NUS). This was a source of significant discontent amongst NU students and alumni, because NU had been a Chinese-medium university, whereas the newly merged NUS was (and is) an English-medium university.

As NTU subsequently grew into a full university, various efforts were made to have it claim the Nanyang University mantle. In 1996, the alumni rolls of Nanyang University were transferred from NUS to NTU. In 1998, the prominent local calligrapher and poet Pan Shou, who had been the first vice-chancellor of Nanyang University, called for NTU to be renamed Nanyang University, as a way to "quieten the hearts of many" NU alumni.[30] In 2003, this idea received further support from NTU president Su Guaning, during an interview with the Chinese-language paper Lianhe Zaobao. One reason offered for the renaming was that, by the mid-2000s, NTU no longer had a narrow focus on technical subjects, but had become a full university including studies in the humanities.

However, the NTU administration's renaming plans soon encountered significant push-back. One NU alumni, Zhu Yong-an, circulated the results of a straw poll in which NU alumni came out strongly against the idea; respondents complained that NTU could not provide "continuity" for the "murdered" Nanyang University.[31] Finally, after Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong weighed in on the affair,[32] the administration dropped the idea quietly in 2006 and has not raised it since.

Tenural denial to Cherian GeorgeEdit

In 2013, there was a debate over academic freedom in Singapore when Associate Professor Cherian George, an outspoken academic at the Wee Kim Wee School of Communications who had publicly criticised Singapore's system of media control and its ruling People’s Action Party.[33] did not get tenured. Although George had been recommended for tenure by the Wee Kim Wee School, his application was turned down by a university-level committee which included representatives from the Government of Singapore. One of the reviewers for the tenure case, Cardiff University's professor Karin Wahl-Jorgensen, expressed outrage at NTU's decision,[34] and George's thesis advisor, Stanford University's Theodore Glasser, raised doubts about "NTU's reputation as a university of international standing" and "NTU's commitment to academic freedom".[35] Despite a petition against the tenure decision by students at the Wee Kim Wee School, George's appeal against the tenure decision was subsequently rejected by the university.[36]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Post-secondary education". Ministry of Education, Singapore. Ministry of Education, Singapore. Archived from the original on 2008-04-05. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Nanyang Technological University: A Stellar Year Annual Report 2012" (PDF). Nanyang Technological University. Feb 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: 2015 Faculty and Staff population". Nanyang Technological University. Nov 2015. 
  4. ^ "Nanyang Technological University (NTU)". sguni. 
  5. ^ Nanyang Technological University. "NTU Rankings and Ratings". Retrieved 2015-12-31. 
  6. ^ "The 7 fastest-rising young universities in the world". Times Higher Education (THE). 2015-03-27. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  7. ^ Quacquarelli Symonds. https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2019. Retrieved 2018-06-12.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ Nanyang Technological University. "Undergraduate Student Enrolment". Retrieved 2015-11-11. 
  9. ^ Nanyang Technological University. "Graduate Student Enrolment". Retrieved 2015-11-11. 
  10. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences - 2016 - 2016 Top 100 Universities in Natural Sciences and Mathematics - ARWU-FIELD 2016". www.shanghairanking.com. 
  11. ^ "Engineering and Technology". 3 March 2017. 
  12. ^ "Business school rankings from the Financial Times - FT.com". rankings.ft.com. 
  13. ^ "2016 MBA & Business School Rankings | Which MBA?". The Economist. Retrieved 2018-07-11. 
  14. ^ "Check In to Check Out". www.hey.ntu.edu.sg. Retrieved 2016-06-21. 
  15. ^ a b Mavis Toh. "NUS versus NTU: Looking beyond the rankings". Retrieved 2016-06-06. 
  16. ^ a b 李光耀回忆录 1965 2000. Singapore: 新加坡联合早报. 2000. p. 176. ISBN 981-04-2978-9. 南大校园成立附属过大的南洋理工学院的院址。1991年它升格为南洋理工大学。 
  17. ^ "Our History". Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  18. ^ "ARWU World University Rankings 2017 - Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017 - Top 500 universities - Shanghai Ranking - 2017". www.shanghairanking.com. 
  19. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2019". 29 May 2018. 
  20. ^ "World University Rankings". 18 August 2017. 
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ "QS University Rankings: Asia 2018". 12 October 2017. 
  23. ^ "Asia University Rankings". 14 March 2017. 
  24. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2018". Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  25. ^ Quacquarelli Symonds. "QS Asia University Rankings 2018". Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  26. ^ Quacquarelli Symonds. "QS University Rankings: Top 50 Under 50". Retrieved 2017-10-17. 
  27. ^ "QS Stars evaluation system". Archived from the original on 1 October 2011. 
  28. ^ "NTU Rankings and Ratings". 
  29. ^ "QS World University Rankings by Broad Subject Area 2017 - Social Sciences and Management". Quacquarelli Symonds. Sep 2017. 
  30. ^ "Nantah's spectre haunts NTU's name". The Enquirer (Singapore). Apr 2009. Archived from the original on 12 March 2014. 
  31. ^ Zhu Yong-an (Jan 2003). "Survey by Zhu Yong-an". Archived from the original on 12 March 2014. 
  32. ^ Su Guaning. "NTU Convocation 2006". 
  33. ^ "NTU professor denied tenure may have to leave job". 
  34. ^ "NTU clarifies tenure process after outcry". 
  35. ^ "NTU clarifies tenure process after outcry". Archived from the original on 2013-07-03. 
  36. ^ "NTU rejects outspoken professor's tenure appeal". 

External linksEdit